Quarter of Berlin
|• Total||6.6 km2 (2.5 sq mi)|
|Elevation||52 m (171 ft)|
|• Density||4,300/km2 (11,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
(nr. 1102) 10318
Karlshorst (//, German: [ˈkaʁlsˌhɔst] (listen); locally pronounced [ka:ltshɔst]; literally meaning Karl's nest) is a locality in the borough of Lichtenberg in Berlin. Located there are a harness racing track and the Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft Berlin (HTW), the largest University of Applied Sciences in Berlin, and the German-Russian Museum Berlin-Karlshorst.
Established in 1895 as the Carlshorst mansion's colony, Karlshorst from 1901 had access to the railway line from Berlin to Breslau (today Wrocław, Poland) and developed to a quite affluent residential area, sometimes referred to as "Dahlem of the East". The locality encompasses the Waldsiedlung, a garden city laid out between 1919 and 1921 according to plans by Peter Behrens.
In April 1945, as the Red Army approached the Reich's capital, Marshal Georgy Zhukov, commander of the 1st Belorussian Front, established his headquarters at a former Heer officer's mess hall in Karlshorst, where on May 9, the unconditional surrender of the German forces was presented to Zhukov by Colonel-General Hans-Jürgen Stumpff as the representative of the Luftwaffe, Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel as Chief of Staff of OKW, and Admiral Hans-Georg von Friedeburg as Commander-in-Chief of the Kriegsmarine.
From 1945 to 1949 the building complex served as the headquarters of the Soviet Military Administration in Germany. After the establishment of the German Democratic Republic, it hosted the 6th Independent Motorized Rifle Brigade, the Soviets' "Berlin Brigade." The leadership of the Politburo of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany hid at the complex during the East German uprising of 1953, where Lavrentiy Beria also traveled to from Moscow to personally coordinate the Soviet Army's repression of the rebellion. The last Russian soldiers left Karlshorst in 1994. The former headquarters has been made the home of the German-Russian Museum Berlin-Karlshorst (Deutsch-Russisches Museum Berlin-Karlshorst), formerly called the Capitulation Museum.
Karlshorst has access to the Berlin S-Bahn network at Berlin-Karlshorst railway station.
Born in Karlshorst
- Joachim Fest, historian, editor, (1926-2006)
- Ilja Richter (born 1952), actor, voice actor and television presenter
Dwelt in Karlshorst
- Max Beer, (1864-1943), historian, Gundelfinger Straße 47
- Hans Bellmer, (1902-1975), photographer, Ehrenfelsstraße 8
- Hans (1916-1942) and Hilde Coppi, (1909-1943), resistance fighters, Römerweg
- Hedwig Courths-Mahler, (1867-1950), writer, Dönhoffstraße 11 from 1905 to 1914
- Erich Ollenhauer, (1901-1963), politician, dwelt in Karlshorst, Trautenauer Straße 6
- August Stramm, (1874-1915), poet, Lehndorffstraße 16
- Ernst Torgler, (1903-1963), politician (Communist Party of Germany), Liepnitzstraße 46
- Max Wertheimer, (1880-1943), psychologist, Ehrlichstraße 31
The engineer Georg Knorr (1859-1911), is buried at the Karlshorst cemetery.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Karlshorst.|
- https://web.archive.org/web/20050408044705/http://www.karlshorst.de/ – official site
- http://www.karlshorst-info.de/ – information about Karlshorst
- https://web.archive.org/web/20060822091136/http://www.treskowallee.de/ – information about Karlshorst
- http://www.museum-karlshorst.de/ – German-Russian Museum Berlin-Karlshorst
- http://www.fckarlshorst.de/ – official site of FC Karlshorst 1995