Karluk, Alaska

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Karluk
Kal’uq, Kal’ut
Census-designated place
Karluk is located in Alaska
Karluk
Karluk
Location in Alaska
Coordinates: 57°34′41″N 154°21′45″W / 57.57806°N 154.36250°W / 57.57806; -154.36250Coordinates: 57°34′41″N 154°21′45″W / 57.57806°N 154.36250°W / 57.57806; -154.36250
Country United States
State Alaska
Borough Kodiak Island
Government
 • Borough mayor Jerrol Friend[1]
 • State senator Gary Stevens (R)
 • State rep. Louise Stutes (R)
Area
 • Total 57.9 sq mi (149.9 km2)
 • Land 55.4 sq mi (143.6 km2)
 • Water 2.4 sq mi (6.3 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 37
 • Density 0.7/sq mi (0.26/km2)
Time zone Alaska (AKST) (UTC-9)
 • Summer (DST) AKDT (UTC-8)
ZIP code 99608
Area code(s) 907
FIPS code 02-37540

Karluk (Kal’uq or Kal’ut[2] in Alutiiq) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Kodiak Island Borough, Alaska, United States. The population was 37 at the 2010 census,[3] up from 27 in 2000.

Geography[edit]

Karluk is located at 57°34′41″N 154°21′45″W / 57.57806°N 154.36250°W / 57.57806; -154.36250 (57.578081, -154.362557)[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 57.9 square miles (149.9 km2), of which 55.4 square miles (143.6 km2) is land and 2.4 square miles (6.3 km2), or 4.20%, is water.[3] Karluk is 88 miles (142 km) southwest of Kodiak City. The elevation is 137 feet (42 m).

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 302
1890 1,123 271.9%
1900 470 −58.1%
1910 549 16.8%
1920 99 −82.0%
1930 192 93.9%
1940 189 −1.6%
1950 144 −23.8%
1960 129 −10.4%
1970 98 −24.0%
1980 96 −2.0%
1990 71 −26.0%
2000 27 −62.0%
2010 37 37.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

Karluk first appeared on the 1880 U.S. Census as an unincorporated village with 302 residents, including an Inuit majority of 277, with 24 "Creole" (Mixed Russian & Native) and 1 White. In 1890, it reported 1,123 residents, making it the 3rd largest community in Alaska, narrowly behind Juneau with 1,253 and the then-capital of Sitka with 1,190. A plurality being Asian, with 542 (the largest community of Asians), 391 Whites, 167 Native Alaskans, 20 Creoles and 3 not classified.[6] It has continued to report in every successive census to date. It was erroneously reported on the 1940 census as "Karluck." In 1980, it was made a census-designated place (CDP).

Ascension of Our Lord Russian Orthodox Church in Karluk. Built in 1888, the building was added to the National Register of Historic Places on June 6, 1980.
Karluk sandspit in the late 1800s showing cannery and village; the source termed the Karluk River the "River of Life" due to the dense salmon run

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 27 people, 9 households, and 7 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 0.5 people per square mile (0.2/km²). There were 24 housing units at an average density of 0.4/sq mi (0.2/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 0.00% White, 96.30% Native American and 3.70% Asian.

There were 9 households out of which 44.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.3% were married couples living together, 33.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.2% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals and none had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.43.

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 37.0% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 14.8% from 45 to 64, and 7.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 125.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.5 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $19,167, and the median income for a family was $19,167. Males had a median income of $0 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $13,736. There were no families and none of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and none of those over 64.

History[edit]

On March 17, 1945, the village participated in the rescue of seven (7) U.S. Navy aviators whose PB1 Ventura patrol bomber had ditched offshore. U.S. Navy Archives

Education[edit]

The Karluk School, a K-12 rural school, is operated by the Kodiak Island Borough School District.[8]

References[edit]

External links[edit]