Karluk languages

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Karluk (Qarluq)
Southeastern Turkic
Geographic
distribution
Central Asia
Linguistic classification Turkic
Early form
Subdivisions
  • Western Turki
  • Eastern Turki
Glottolog None
uygh1240  (Eastern Karluk (Uyghur))[1]
uzbe1247  (Western Karluk (Uzbek))[2]
{{{mapalt}}}
  Western Karluk     Eastern Karluk

The Karluk languages (also known as the Qarluq or Southeastern Common Turkic languages) are a sub-branch of the Turkic language family that developed from the varieties once spoken by Karluks.[3]

Many Middle Turkic works were written in these languages. The language of the Kara-Khanid Khanate was known as Turki, Ferghani, Kashgari, or Khaqani. The language of the Chagatai Khanate was the Chagatai language.

Karluk Turkic was spoken in the Kara-Khanid Khanate, Chagatai Khanate, Yarkent Khanate, and the Uzbek speaking Khanate of Bukhara, Emirate of Bukhara, Khanate of Khiva, and Kokand Khanate.

Grouping[edit]

Proto-Turkic Common Turkic Karluk Western
Eastern

List of languages[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Eastern Karluk (Uyghur)". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Western Karluk (Uzbek)". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ 1000 languages: living, endangered, and lost. By Peter K. Austin