Karmia

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Karmia
קיבוץ כרמיה, מ.א חוף אשקלון.JPG
Karmia is located in Israel
Karmia
Karmia
Coordinates: 31°36′14.75″N 34°32′32.99″E / 31.6040972°N 34.5424972°E / 31.6040972; 34.5424972Coordinates: 31°36′14.75″N 34°32′32.99″E / 31.6040972°N 34.5424972°E / 31.6040972; 34.5424972
District Southern
Council Hof Ashkelon
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 20 May 1950
Founded by Hashomer Hatzair members
Population (2015) 644[1]

Karmia (Hebrew: כַּרְמִיָּה‎) is a kibbutz in southern Israel. Located between Ashkelon and the Gaza Strip, it falls under the jurisdiction of Hof Ashkelon Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 644.

History[edit]

Kibbutz Karmia was established on 20 May 1950 by a Nahal gar'in of Hashomer Hatzair members from France and Tunisia who had been trained in Beit Zera. It was established around a school which had been built by the British authorities for the Arab village of Hiribya, which was depopulated during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.[2] Its name is derived from the Hebrew for vineyard (Hebrew: כרם‎‎, Kerem), which were common in the area.

In 1972 a blanket factory was established in the kibbutz.[citation needed]

The kibbutz absorbed 54 families from Elei Sinai and Nisanit, which were evacuated as part of the disengagement plan.[3] Since 2006 it has been repeatedly hit by Qassam rockets fired from the Gaza Strip, including one that landed on its football pitch, and another Qassam rocket that landed inside a house and injured 3 people severely in 2005.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. p. 102. ISBN 0-88728-224-5. 
  3. ^ Evacuees: First we were expelled, now we're abandoned The Jerusalem Post, 8 February 2006