|This article does not cite any sources. (July 2008)|
Karnak is a band from São Paulo, Brazil. It is known for mixing diverse music styles from around the world with pop and rock. Many critics consider Karnak's music style to be world music, although the band rejects this label, claiming that its "ethnic" sound results from their intuition, not from researches.
- 1 Biography
- 2 Discography
- 3 Lineup
- 4 Solo and parallel careers
- 5 External links
In 1992, the lead singer and guitarist, André Abujamra, had ended his musical duo Os Mulheres Negras with Maurício Pereira and went travelling throughout the world with an audio recorder in his hand, collecting every kind of music he could find, with the idea of creating a band that combined these various styles with Brazilian regional music and modern styles like rock, pop and electronic music. One of the destinations of his trip was the ancient tombs of Karnak. He was deeply affected by those tombs and decided to name his band after it.
Upon returning to Brazil, he recruited musicians, mostly from among his friends. He even kept two drummers in the band because both were old friends and he could not dismiss one of them. The project swelled to include ten musicians, two actors and a dog. The band rehearsed for a year before playing a concert, and soon became known for its unusual shows featuring comedy sketches and unusual attire, especially a penchant for odd hats.
First album, recognition in Brazil
In 1995, Karnak released its first album, Karnak. The album was released by the now defunct Brazilian label Tinitus. After the label's demise, the album was re-released some years after by Net Records. The album was praised by critics but received little airtime on commercial radio. However, Karnak became well-known on university radio stations around São Paulo and it even had some videos played in Brazilian MTV.
Second album, international tours
The band's second album, Universo Umbigo (Bellybutton Universe), in 1997, was released by Velas, another now-defunct label. The lineup had by this time reached its apex, with fifteen persons, including a belly dancer. In Brazil, the album had less impact that the first one, and to this day it is out of catalog and available only as download at emusic stores under the name of Karnak Universo. Although it did not do well in Brazil, it became popular to some extent on college radio in the United States.
After the release, Karnak toured the USA, Canada and Europe in 1998. The name of the band was changed to "The Karnak", but quickly changed it back. Several members left the band, bringing the total membership down to nine. In the same year, Karnak released a "best of" album in France, called Original. The album included songs from the first two albums, plus a French version of the song "Alma Não Tem Cor" (Souls don't have colors) and a remix of the song "Comendo Uva na Chuva" (Eating grapes in the rain) by André Abujamra.
After returning to Brazil the next year, the band started to record its third album, Estamos Adorando Tóquio (We are loving Tokio). With the lineup down to seven members, the album was released in 2000 by Net Records, an independent label that aims to find alternative ways of distributing and selling with lower costs, making the records less tempting to music pirates. The album was sold in newspaper stands at a cheaper price than in record stores.
The band toured internationally again in 2001.
The album was as successful as the first one. Although in the mainstream media its impact was not as great as the 1995 record, the band played more shows, gathered more fans and became a little more known outside São Paulo.
On December 16, 2002, Abujamra wrote a message to Karnak producer Belma Ikeda which she forwarded to the largest e-mail based discussion list about the band. The content of the message stunned the fans: it explained that the band felt that a cycle was finished, so they were stopping their activities. Their two scheduled shows for the following week would be their last. The concerts were converted into a celebration of the band's existence, and included all Karnak members and ex-members, totaling almost twenty people on stage.
The next year, 2003, a two-disc compilation of "pirate" live recordings was officially released, under the name Os Piratas do Karnak (The pirates of Karnak).
Returning to activities
Although Abujamra confirmed that Karnak was finished, it has performed at least once a year since 2003, usually in SESC Pompéia, a culture complex located in São Paulo. In one of these seasonal performances, in 2006, Abujamra announced that the band was resuming its activities. He attributed their pause, humorously or not, to his uncertainty on whether or not he would survive gastric bypass surgery. He promised that the band would record a new album with new original songs.
Karnak can be seen now[when?] giving concerts in the city of São Paulo and sometimes in other nearby cities. The lineup changes constantly from one gig to another, except for the "golden members", who are present at almost every show.
Karnak's Multicolored Book
At the end of 2006 the mockumentary The Karnak's Multicolored Book was released. The film narrates a fictitious behind-the-scenes record a 2004 secret Chinese tour, but in fact it documents the bands supposed "final gig" in 2002. It was premiered in the 30th annual São Paulo International Film Festival, and is available for download on orkut.
- Karnak - 1995
- Universo Umbigo - 1997
- Estamos Adorando Tóquio - 2000
- Original - 1999
- Os Piratas do Karnak (live recordings) - 2003
"The golden members"
- André Abujamra - vocals, electric guitar
- Marcos Bowie - trumpet, vocals
- Hugo Hori - saxophone, vocals
- Kuki Stolarski - drums
- Eduardo Cabello - electric guitar
- Luiz Macedo - electric guitar (1992–1996)
- Paulo Gregori - performances (1992–1996)
- Sérgio Bártolo - bass guitar (1992–2001, occasionally since)
- Lulu Camargo - keyboards and samplers (1992–2001)
- Carneiro Sândalo - drums (1992–1999)
- James Müller - percussion (1992/1999)
- Jeton - Sândalo's dog (1992–1999)
- Lloyd Bonnemaison - saxophone (1997–1999)
- Tiquinho - trombone (1997–1999)
- Zuzu - belly dancer (1997–1999)
- Mano Bap - bass guitar, electric guitar (1996–2000, occasionally since)
- Juliano Beccari - keyboards and samplers (2001-)
- Xande Tamietti - drums
- Théo Werneck - vocals
- Fernando Salém - guitar
- Mauricio Pereira - vocals
- João Gordo - vocals
Solo and parallel careers
- André Abujamra: released three solo albums: O Infinito de Pé (The Infinite standing up), in 2004; Retransformafrikando (a pun on the words "retransforming", "staying" and "Africa"), in 2007; and Mafaro (laughter in Shona language), in 2010.
- Lulu Camargo: official member of the Brazilian band Pato Fu since 2005.
- Hugo Hori, Kuki Stolarski, Juliano Beccari, Sérgio Bártolo, James Müller: currently[when?] members of the Brazilian band Funk Como Le Gusta.
- Kuki Stolarski is also member of the Brazilian band Bojo. The band once had Lulu Camargo in its lineup.
- Mano Bap, Hugo Hori and Juliano Beccari are also members of the Brazilian band The Central Scrutinizer Band, along with Marcos Bowie.
- Robson Mafra home page (in Portuguese)