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For other uses, see Karnal (disambiguation).
A house decorated with lights in Karnal during Diwali
A house decorated with lights in Karnal during Diwali
Karnal is located in Haryana
Coordinates: 29°41′N 76°59′E / 29.69°N 76.98°E / 29.69; 76.98
Elevation 228 m (748 ft)
Demonym(s) Karnali
 • Official Hindi, Punjabi
 • Regional Haryanvi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 132001
Vehicle registration HR 05

Karnal About this sound pronunciation  (Hindi: करनाल) or the Rice Bowl of India;[1] is a city located in the NCR (National Capital Region) and the headquarters of Karnal District in the Indian state of Haryana.

Karnal was also known as Karnaal, Kurnaul or Karnaul during the British Raj. Karnal is one of the Counter Magnet Areas. Karnal is said to have been founded by Karna, a key figure in the epic Mahabharata, who died at the hands of his brother and archrival, Arjuna.[2]


Karnal is located at 29°41′N 76°59′E / 29.68°N 76.98°E / 29.68; 76.98.[3] It has an elevation of 235 to 252  meters (748 feet) above Sea Level.


The original name of Karnal city is Karnalaya (home of Karna). It has been a walled town as far as its history can be traced.[citation needed] Karnal sprang into prominence in 1739 when Persian emperor Nadir Shah defeated the numerically superior, but inferior Mughal army in less than three hours and captured the Mughal ruler Muhammad Shah in the Battle of Karnal, laying the way open for his humiliating complete sack and looting of Delhi, the Mughal capital.[4][5]


  1. ^ "XII Agricultural Science Congress". 
  2. ^ Karnal. District of Karnal http://www.karnal.gov.in/. Retrieved 26 November 2013.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Karnal
  4. ^ Later Mughal. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  5. ^ Territories and States of India. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 

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