Location of Karnali Pradesh
|Formation||20 September 2015|
|• Body||Government of Karnali Pradesh|
|• Governor||Durga Keshar Khanal|
|• Chief Minister||Mahendra Bahadur Shahi (NCP)|
|• High Court||Surkhet High Court|
|• Provincial Assembly||Unicameral (40 seats)|
|• Parliamentary constituency||Pratinidhi Sabha 12 |
Rastriya Sabha 8
|• Total||27,984 km2 (10,805 sq mi)|
|• Density||56/km2 (150/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||7th|
|Time zone||UTC+5:45 (NST)|
|Sex ratio||95.78 ♂ /100 ♀ (2011)|
Karnali Pradesh (Nepali: कर्णाली प्रदेश) is one of the seven federal provinces of Nepal formed by the new constitution which was adopted on 20 September 2015. The total area of the province is 27,984 square kilometres (10,805 sq mi), making it the largest province in Nepal. According to the 2011 Nepal census, the population of the province was 1,570,418, making it the least populous province in Nepal. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north, Gandaki Pradesh to the east, Sudurpashchim Pradesh to the west, and Province No. 5 to the south. Birendranagar with a population of 47,914 is both the province's capital and largest city.
Karnali is an old civilization of Nepal and it is connected with Karnali River  The archaeological sites found in Jumla, Surkhet and Dailekh refers that this area was part of Khasa kingdom which was established during 11th century. The capital of the Khas Kingdom was Sinja. The kingdom was expanded to a great extent in 13th and 14th century. This kingdom was expanded to Garhwal in the west, Mansarowar and Guge regions of Tibet in the north, Gorkha-Nuwakot regions in the east and with Kapilvastu with large areas Terai in the South. After late 14th century the Khas empire collapsed and divided into Baise Rajya (22 principalities) in Karnali-Bheri region.
Before unification of modern Nepal, the part of Karnali (from Karnali River to Bheri River) was an Sanghiya Baise Rajya (United 22 principalities state). The Baise were sovereign, but intermittently allied among themselves until they were annexed during the unification of modern Nepal from 1744 to 1810.
Karnali is the largest province of Nepal with an area of 24,453 km2 (9,441 sq mi).
The province has occupied higher mountains land of north and mid-hills of Nepal. It contains Kubi Gangri, Changla and Kanjiroba mountains in north. The Shey Phoksundo National Park with Phoksundo lake is the largest national park of Nepal and Rara lake is the largest lake of Nepal which are located in Karnali Pradesh. Karnali River is the biggest river of the province which is thought to be longest river of Nepal. Seti River and Bheri River are tributaries of Karnali.
Government and administration
The Governor acts as the head of the province while the Chief Minister is the head of the provincial government. The Chief Judge of the Surkhet High Court is the head of the judiciary. The present Governor, Chief Minister and Chief Judge are Durga Keshar Khanal, Mahendra Bahadur Shahi and Hari Kumar Pokharel respectively. The province has 40 provincial assembly constituencies,12 House of Representative constituencies and eight National Assembly seats.
Karnali has a unicameral legislature, like all of the other provinces in Nepal. The term length of provincial assembly is five years. The Provincial Assembly of Karnali Pradesh is temporarily housed at the Irrigation Division Office in Birendranagar.
Karnali is divided into ten districts.
- Dailekh District
- Dolpa District
- Humla District
- Jajarkot District
- Jumla District
- Kalikot District
- Mugu District
- Salyan District
- Surkhet District
- Western Rukum District
A district is administrated by the head of the District Coordination Committee and the District Administration Officer. The districts are further dived to municipalities or rural municipalities which are further divided into wards. There are 25 municipalities and 54 rural municipalities in the province. The capital and largest city of the province is Birendranagar. It is only city in the province with a population of over 50,000.
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