Karoi

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For Karoi District, see Karoi District.
Karoi
Karoi is located in Zimbabwe
Karoi
Karoi
Coordinates: 16°48′36″S 29°42′00″E / 16.81000°S 29.70000°E / -16.81000; 29.70000Coordinates: 16°48′36″S 29°42′00″E / 16.81000°S 29.70000°E / -16.81000; 29.70000
Country Zimbabwe
Province Mashonaland West
District Hurungwe District
City Karoi Municipality
Elevation 1,275 m (4,183 ft)
Population (2004 Estimate)
 • Total 25,030
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+1)
Climate Cwa

Karoi is a town in Zimbabwe.

Location[edit]

Karoi is located in Karoi District, Mashonaland West Province, in central northern Zimbabwe. It is located approximately 85 kilometres (53 mi), by road, northwest of Chinhoyi, the nearest large town, and the location of the provincial headquarters.[1] This location lies about 200 kilometres (120 mi), northwest of Harare, Zimbabwe's capital and largest city.[2] Karoi lies along the main road, Highway A-1, between Harare and Chirundu, at the International border with the Republic of Zambia, about 170 kilometres (110 mi), further northwest of Karoi.[3] The coordinates of Karoi are: 16° 48' 36.00"S, 29° 42' 0.00"E (Latitude:16.8100; Longitude:29.7000).

Overview[edit]

In addition to the offices of Karoi Town Council, the town is also the location of the headquarters of Karoi District Administration. The surrounding countryside is farmland, where tobacco is the primary cash crop. In 2011, the Tobacco Industry and Marketing Board (TIMB) permitted Mashonaland Tobacco Company (MTC) to open auction floors and buy tobacco in the town, but controversy arose in 2012 about purchases from uncontracted farmers.[4]

There are two hotels in the town: Karoi Hotel in the center of town and Twin River Inn, about 1.6 kilometres (0.99 mi), north of town, on the road to Kariba, approximately 135 kilometres (84 mi), northwest of Karoi.[5] The main secondary schools in Karoi are Karoi High School and Chikangwe High School. The farming village of Tengwe lies about 30 kilometres (19 mi), southwest of Karoi. Royal Bank Zimbabwe, a commercial bank, maintains a branch in Karoi.[6]

History[edit]

The name Karoi means "little witch". In 1945 Karoi became the designated area for mainly caucasian war veterans who obtained government assistance to embark on farming. They engaged mainly in tobacco farming. Tobacco is still the main cash crop in Karoi District.

Population[edit]

During the 1992 national census, the population of the town of Karoi was estimated at 14,763. In 2004, the population estimate was 25,030.[7] Karoi has a suburb called Chikangwe, located about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi), east of the central business district.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Karoi (1961–1990, extremes 1951–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.8
(96.4)
33.6
(92.5)
31.7
(89.1)
33.6
(92.5)
30.9
(87.6)
28.0
(82.4)
28.1
(82.6)
31.2
(88.2)
34.7
(94.5)
35.7
(96.3)
36.5
(97.7)
33.7
(92.7)
36.5
(97.7)
Average high °C (°F) 25.8
(78.4)
25.6
(78.1)
25.8
(78.4)
25.6
(78.1)
24.1
(75.4)
22.2
(72)
22.2
(72)
24.6
(76.3)
27.8
(82)
29.5
(85.1)
28.0
(82.4)
26.0
(78.8)
25.6
(78.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 20.6
(69.1)
20.3
(68.5)
20.0
(68)
18.9
(66)
16.8
(62.2)
14.7
(58.5)
14.6
(58.3)
16.6
(61.9)
20.1
(68.2)
22.2
(72)
21.9
(71.4)
20.7
(69.3)
18.9
(66)
Average low °C (°F) 16.9
(62.4)
16.8
(62.2)
15.9
(60.6)
14.0
(57.2)
11.2
(52.2)
8.7
(47.7)
8.2
(46.8)
9.9
(49.8)
13.0
(55.4)
16.0
(60.8)
16.9
(62.4)
16.9
(62.4)
13.7
(56.7)
Record low °C (°F) 13.4
(56.1)
13.0
(55.4)
10.7
(51.3)
7.3
(45.1)
4.9
(40.8)
1.9
(35.4)
2.1
(35.8)
3.6
(38.5)
5.3
(41.5)
8.1
(46.6)
10.7
(51.3)
12.2
(54)
1.9
(35.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 178.6
(7.031)
191.6
(7.543)
111.9
(4.406)
39.8
(1.567)
6.7
(0.264)
1.7
(0.067)
2.0
(0.079)
1.1
(0.043)
4.5
(0.177)
19.7
(0.776)
73.4
(2.89)
173.1
(6.815)
804.1
(31.657)
Average rainy days 17 16 11 4 2 1 0 0 1 3 9 15 79
Mean monthly sunshine hours 182.9 165.2 210.8 240.0 266.6 258.0 282.1 300.7 294.0 275.9 222.0 176.7 2,874.9
Mean daily sunshine hours 5.9 5.9 6.8 8.0 8.6 8.6 9.1 9.7 9.8 8.9 7.4 5.7 7.9
Source #1: World Meteorological Organization,[8] NOAA (sun and mean temperature, 1961–1990)[9]
Source #2: Meteo Climat (record highs and lows)[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]