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Karol Estreicher (senior)

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Karol Estreicher (c.1904)

Karol Józef Teofil Estreicher (22 November 1827 in Kraków – 30 September 1908 in Kraków) was a Polish bibliographer and librarian who was a founder of the Polish Academy of Learning.[1] While he is known as the "father of Polish bibliography",[2] he is also considered the founder of the bibliographical method in literary research.[3] His "monumental work",[3] Bibliografia Polska is called the "most outstanding bibliography of Polish books, and probably one of the most famous bibliographies in the world".[4]

Estreicher was the son of Alojzy Rafał Estreicher, a natural history professor at the Jagiellonian University. After completing university studies in philosophy and law, he worked in the judiciary in Kraków and Lviv, where bibliography became his passion.[1] Margrave Aleksander Wielopolski appointed him in 1862 as under-librarian and assistant professor of Bibliography at the Szkoła Główna Warszawska where he presented Bibliography for the first time as a standalone discipline.[1] In 1868 he returned to Kraków and became director of the Jagiellonian Library where during a 37-year tenure he modernized and tripled its collection.[1][3]

He was also an author, historian, literary critic, journalist, and theater critic.[1]

Works or publications

  • "Bibliografia polska. Wyd. Tow. Naukowego Krakowskiego". Bibliografia Polska: Wydanie Towarzystwa Naukowego Krakowskieg (in Polish). Kraków: Drukarnia Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego. 1870. OCLC 577286474. Retrieved 6 November 2013.


  1. ^ a b c d e "Karol Józef Teofil Estreicher (Senior)". Elektroniczna baza bibliografii Estreichera (in Polish). Kraków: Uniwersyt Jagielloński. Centrum Badawcze Bibliografii Polskiej Estreicherów. Archived from the original on 6 November 2013. Retrieved 6 November 2013.
  2. ^ Suarez, Michael F; Woudhuysen, Henry R, eds. (2010). "Karol Józef Teofil Estreicher". The Oxford companion to the book. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acref/9780198606536.001.0001. ISBN 9780199570140. Closed access icon
  3. ^ a b c Zimmer, Szczepan K (Winter 1963). "Jagellonian University Library in Cracow". Polish Review. 8 (1): 65–68. ISSN 0032-2970. JSTOR 25776449.
  4. ^ Ziffer, Bernard, ed. (1952). Poland, history and historians: three bibliographical essays. Mid-European Studies Center publications. Vol. 9. New York: National Committee for a Free Europe. p. 73. LCCN 53006596.