Karol Sidor

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Karol Sidor
Karol Sidor 1938 (Warschau).jpg
Sidor at Warsaw Airport, 19 October 1938
Born Karol Sidor
(1901-07-16)July 16, 1901
Ružomberok, Liptó County, Kingdom of Hungary
Died October 20, 1953(1953-10-20) (aged 52)
Canada
Nationality Slovak
Citizenship Czechoslovak
Known for Politician
Title Minister for Slovak Affairs
Term 1938
Political party Slovak People's Party

Karol Sidor (July 16, 1901 – October 20, 1953) was a far right Slovak nationalist politician. Active from an early age, he was undecided about full independence and as a result was largely sidelined during the Slovak Republic

Political activity[edit]

A devout Roman Catholic, he was born in Ružomberok in the Liptó County of the Kingdom of Hungary (present-day Slovakia) and came to politics early as a low-level supporter of Andrej Hlinka.[1] He would later write a biography of Hlinka, his political idol.[2] After finishing his education he joined the Slovak People's Party (SPP) and became one of its leading members on the pro-Poland wing.[1] Before long however he would become associated with the Ferdinand Ďurčanský and the Vojtech Tuka wings of the party. He was elected to parliament in 1935 and, ironically given his early ideas, was chosen to argue against Poland's claims on Slovak territory.[1]

Sidor was also commander of the Hlinka Guard and had been touted as a successor to the priest, although this did not happen.[1] He was given the position of Minister for Slovak Affairs by the Czechoslovakian government in 1938, a role which took him away from the radicals of the SPP, allowing Jozef Tiso to take control ahead of him.[1] Wary of Nazi Germany, he rejected a move from Artur Seyss-Inquart to declare independence in 1939, leading to the Nazis concentrating their efforts on Tiso instead.[3] When independence was declared Sidor served as Minister of the Interior for little over a month in 1939 before their pressure forced him out.[4] Sidor was a strong anti-Semite but nevertheless he had reservations about the Nazis and would later serve in only the very minor role of Minister to the Holy See.[1] From January to March 1939 he also a commission to examine the "Jewish question" in Slovakia, although nothing came of this initiative and ultimately the issue would be taken over by the Nazis.[5]

Exile[edit]

As the war ended he left Czechoslovakia for the west, ultimately settling in Montreal.[1] He had initially been refused asylum by the Canadian government who considered him a persona non grata but they changed their minds in 1950 following the intervention of Pope Pius XII.[6] Sidor had remained in the Vatican and his presence in Rome had become a source of some embarrassment to the Pope given Sidor's conduct in the war.[7] He was sentenced in absentia to 20 years by a Czech court in 1947.[1]

Sidor received a U.S. passport by 1947.[8][9]

Sidor died in Canada without serving the sentence.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Philip Rees, Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890, 1990, pp. 356-357
  2. ^ Stanislav J. Kirschbaum, A History of Slovakia: The Struggle for Survival, St. Martin's Griffin, 1996, ISBN 0312161255, p. 147
  3. ^ Július Bartl, Slovak History: Chronology and Lexicon, Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, 2002, p. 138
  4. ^ Kirschbaum, A History of Slovakia, p. 190
  5. ^ pp. 196-197
  6. ^ Robert G. Weisbord & Wallace P. Sillanpoa, The Chief Rabbi, the Pope, and the Holocaust: An Era in Vatican-Jewish Relations, Transaction Publishers, 1992, p.87, n.58
  7. ^ Mark Aarons and John Loftus, Ratlines: How the Vatican's Nazi Networks Betrayed Western Intelligence to the Soviets, William Heinemann, 1991, p. 222
  8. ^ Pearson, Drew (January 2, 1947). "The Washington Merry-Go-Round". Freeport Journal-Standard. Freeport, Illinois. p. 8 – via Newspapers.com. (Registration required (help)). One thing that gripes heroic European leaders of the underground is the way collaborationists are now welcomed to the U.S.A. Rene de Chambrun, son-in-law of traitor Pierre Laval, is now applying for a passport, while Karol Sidor, one of Czekaslovakia's collaborationists, has already been granted one... 
  9. ^ Pearson, Drew (January 2, 1947). "The Washington Merry-Go-Round". The Delta Democrat-Times. Greenville, Mississippi. p. 4. Retrieved August 2, 2016 – via Newspapers.com. (Registration required (help)). One thing that gripes heroic European leaders of the underground is the way collaborationists are now welcomed to the U.S.A. Rene de Chambrun, son-in-law of traitor Pierre Laval, is now applying for a passport, while Karol Sidor, one of Czekaslovakia's collaborationists, has already been granted one...