Mai Brat language
|(25,000 cited 1987)|
West Papuan ?
Mai Brat (Maybrat) is a Papuan language spoken by the Ayamaru and Karon Dori peoples of the Maybrat Regency on the Bird's Head Peninsula of New Guinea. Ayamaru dialect is spoken in the many villages around the Ayamaru Lakes. It is only distantly related to other languages, sharing 10% of its vocabulary with its nearest neighbors (apart from the very similar Karon Dori), though it may be part of the West Papuan family.
Variant spellings of the language include Majbrat, Mey Brat, and Brat. Other names include Atinjo and Maite.
Below are the consonant and vowel sounds:
|o: [o]||[ɔ], [ʌ], [ɒ]|
Allophones of /p t k m f x r/ are /b tʰ ɡ ŋ ɸ ɣ ɾ/. [t] and [k] are pronounced unreleased as word-finals as [t̚] and [k̚].
There is an optional central sound, ə [ə] within words.
- Hammarström (2015) Ethnologue 16/17/18th editions: a comprehensive review: online appendices
- Mai Brat (= Ajamaru) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
Karon Dori at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Mai Brat". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- "Maybrat" in World Atlas of Language Structures
- Philomena Hedwig Dol. A grammar of Maybrat: a language of the Bird's Head Peninsula, Papua Province, Indonesia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics, 2007. ISBN 978-0-85883-573-3
- Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley; Robert Attenborough; Robin Hide; Jack Golson. Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15&ndash, 66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782.
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