|Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire|
The town of Kars, which had been levelled to the ground by the Timur in 1368, was rebuilt as an Ottoman fortress in 1579 (1580 according to other sources) by Lala Mustafa Pasha, and became capital of an eyalet of six sanjaks and also a place of pilgrimage. It was conquered by Shah Abbas in 1604 and rebuilt by the Turks in 1616.
The size of the Kars garrison in 1640s was 1,002 Janissaries and 301 local recruits. Total 1,303 garrison.
- Little Erdehan Sanjak (Göle)
- Hujujan Sanjak (Çıldır)
- Zarshad Sanjak (Arpaçay)
- Kechran Sanjak (Tunçkaya (Keçivan))
- Kaghizman Sanjak (Kağızman)
- Kars Sanjak, the seat of the Pasha
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