Kartarpur, Pakistan

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Kartarpur
The Gurdwara Darbar Sahib Kartar Pur was built to commemorate the spot where Guru Nanak is said to have died.
The Gurdwara Darbar Sahib Kartar Pur was built to commemorate the spot where Guru Nanak is said to have died.
Kartarpur is located in Pakistan
Kartarpur
Kartarpur
Coordinates: 32°05′N 75°01′E / 32.08°N 75.01°E / 32.08; 75.01Coordinates: 32°05′N 75°01′E / 32.08°N 75.01°E / 32.08; 75.01
Country Pakistan
ProvincePunjab, Pakistan Punjab
DistrictNarowal
Elevation
155 m (509 ft)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)

Kartarpur (Urdu: کرتارپور‎, Punjabi: کرتارپور, Punjabi (Gurmukhi): ਕਰਤਾਰਪੁਰ) is a town located in the tehsil Shakargarh, Narowal District in Punjab, Pakistan. Located on the right bank of the Ravi River, it is said to have been founded by the first guru of Sikhism, Guru Nanak, where he established the first Sikh commune.

Geography[edit]

Kartarpur is located at 32°5′13″N 75°1′0″E / 32.08694°N 75.01667°E / 32.08694; 75.01667. It is located in Narowal District, Punjab, Pakistan. It has an average elevation of 155 metres (511 feet).

History[edit]

The first guru of Sikhism, Guru Nanak, founded Khartarpur in 1504 AD on the right bank of the Ravi River. The name Kartarpur means "place of God". Here all people, irrespective of their religion or caste, lived together, representing the first 'Sikh commune'. After his travels for about 20 years, Guru Nanak settled in Kartarpur along with his family. Following his death in 1539, Hindus and Muslims both claimed him as their own, and raised mausoleums in his memory with a common wall between them. The changing course of the Ravi River eventually washed away the mausoleums. But Guru Nanak's son saved the urn containing his ashes and reburied it on the left bank of the river, where a new habitation was formed, representing the present day Dera Baba Nanak.[1][2][3][4]

At the location Guru Nanak is believed to have died, the Gurdwara Kartarpur Sahib was built.

During the 1947 partition of India, the region got divided across India and Pakistan. The Radcliffe Line awarded the Shakargarh tehsil on the right bank of the Ravi river, including Kartarpur, to Pakistan, and the Gurdaspur tehsil on the left bank of Ravi to India.[5]

Demography[edit]

The population is primarily Punjabi, speaking Punjabi and Urdu. English is spoken by some as a second language. The ethnic groups include majority Gurjars and Jats.

The population is predominantly Muslim Gujjar. There are several masjids in the town. After the partition of India in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while many Muslim refugees from India settled down in Kartarpur.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nesbitt, Eleanor M.; Kaur, Gopinder (May 1998), Guru Nanak, Bayeux Arts, p. 15, ISBN 978-1-896209-27-2
  2. ^ Singh, Jagraj (2009), A Complete Guide to Sikhism, Unistar Books, p. 211, ISBN 978-81-7142-754-3
  3. ^ Singha, H. S. (2000), The Encyclopedia of Sikhism, Hemkunt Press, p. 59, ISBN 978-81-7010-301-1
  4. ^ "Guru Nanak Sahib". Sgpc.net. Archived from the original on 2012-02-18. Retrieved 2012-02-10. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  5. ^ Yadav, V.; Sharma, H. (2015), "Disaster Management in Border Sensitive Area: Case Study of Amritsar District", in Huong Ha; R. Lalitha S. Fernando; Amir Mahmood (eds.), Strategic Disaster Risk Management in Asia, Springer, p. 216, ISBN 978-81-322-2373-3

External links[edit]