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Karthikai, Kartika, Karthika or Kartik (Bengali: কার্তিক Kartik, Hindi: कार्तिक Kārtika, Kannada: ಕಾರ್ತಿಕ, Odia: କାର୍ତ୍ତିକ, maithili: कातिक, Marathi: कार्तिक, Nepali: कार्त्तिक, Sanskrit: कार्तिक, Telugu: కార్తీకం, Tamil: கார்த்திகை), is a Hinduism coined month of Bengali (7th month), Tamil (8th month), Maithili (7th month) and Nepali calendar (7th month), named after the Hindu god, Kartikeya.
In the lunar Hindu calendar, Kartika begins with the new moon in November and is the eighth month of the year except in Gujarat, where it marks the new year that falls on Diwali. In Vedic Jyotish, Karthikai begins with the Sun's entry into Libra and is the eighth month of the year.
In the Vaishnava calendar, Damodara governs this month.
Indian national calendar
Kartika (কার্ত্তিক) is the seventh month of the Bengali Calendar. It begins in mid-October of the Gregorian calendar. The name of the month is derived from the name of the star Krittika (কৃত্তিকা). It marks the start of the dry season (হেমন্ত Hemôntô).
Kārttikai (கார்த்திகை, /kɑːrt̪iɡəj/) is the eighth month of the Tamil calendar used by Tamils across the world. It corresponds to November/December in the Gregorian calendar. It begins when the sun enters the sign of Scorpio. Many festivals, such as Karthikai Deepam, are celebrated in this month. The name of the month is derived from a star, kārttikai (கார்த்திகை).
Several major religious holidays take place in Kartik month. Those are as follows:
The festival of Kartik Poornima (15th day Full Moon) falls in this month, celebrated as Dev Deepavali in Varanasi. This coincides with the nirvana of the Jain Tirthankara - Mahavira and the birth of the Sikh Guru Nanak, Guru Nanak Jayanti. And also, the well known festival, for the god of Sabarimalai, Ayyappan's garland festival. This is also known as Tripuri Pournima.
|Shukla Paksha||Krishna Paksha|
|1. Prathama||1. Prathama|
|2. Dwitiya||2. Dwitiya|
|3. Tritiya||3. Tritiya|
|4. Chaturthi||4. Chaturthi|
|5. Panchami||5. Panchami|
|6. Shashti||6. Shashti|
|7. Saptami||7. Saptami|
|8. Ashtami||8. Ashtami|
|9. Navami||9. Navami|
The second day of first of Karthika, called Bharatrudwitiya, is celebrated with sisters entertaining their brothers, following the legend of Yamuna, who entertained her brother Yama on the same day.
- Hindu Calendar
- Henderson, Helene. (Ed.) (2005) Holidays, festivals, and celebrations of the world dictionary Third edition. Electronic edition. Detroit: Omnigraphics, p. xxix. ISBN 0-7808-0982-3
- Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam, ed. India through the ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 78.