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Kartika, Karthika or Kartik or Kartika maasam is a month in Hindu calendar, that typically overlaps October and November. In the Bengali, Maithili, and Nepali calendar, it is the 7th month, in the Tamil calendar it is the 8th month.
Indian national calendar
In the reformed Indian national civil calendar, Kartika is the eighth month of the year. It corresponds with the months of October/November in the Gregorian Calendar. It is written as Bengali: কার্তিক Kartik, Hindi: कार्तिक Kārtika, Odia: କାର୍ତ୍ତିକ Kārttika, Gujarati: કારતક Kārtak, Kannada: ಕಾರ್ತಿಕ , Maithili: कातिक, Marathi: कार्तिक, Nepali: कार्त्तिक, Sanskrit: कार्तिक, Telugu: కార్తీకం, Tamil: கார்த்திகை.
The name of the month is derived from the name of the star Krittika (কৃত্তিকা).
Kārttikai (கார்த்திகை, /kɑːrt̪iɡəj/) is the eighth month of the Tamil calendar used by Tamils across the world. It corresponds to November/December in the Gregorian calendar. It begins when the sun enters the sign of Scorpio. Many festivals, such as Karthikai Deepam, are celebrated in this month. The name of the month is derived from a star, kārttikai (கார்த்திகை).
Several major religious holidays take place in Kartik month. Those are as follows:
- Govardhan Puja (Annakut),
- Bhai Dooj
- Kartik Poornima
- Kartik Ekadashi
- Diwali (In Month of Ashwin in Gujarat)
- Nag Nathaiya in Varanasi
- Kartik puja in bengali tradition
The festival of Kartik Poornima (15th-day; Full Moon) falls in this month, celebrated as Dev Deepavali in Varanasi. This coincides with the nirvana of the Jain Tirthankara - Mahavira and the birth of the Sikh Guru Nanak, Guru Nanak Jayanti. And also, the well-known festival, for the god of Sabarimalai, Ayyappan's garland festival. This is also known as Tripuri Pournima.
|Shukla Paksha||Krishna Paksha|
|1. Prathama||1. Prathama|
|2. Dwitiya||2. Dwitiya|
|3. Tritiya||3. Tritiya|
|4. Chaturthi||4. Chaturthi|
|5. Panchami||5. Panchami|
|6. Shashti||6. Shashti|
|7. Saptami||7. Saptami|
|8. Ashtami||8. Ashtami|
|9. Navami||9. Navami|
|10. Dashami||10. Dashami|
|11. Ekadashi||11. Ekadashi|
|12. Dwadashi||12. Dwadashi|
|13. Thrayodashi||13. Thrayodashi|
|14. Chaturdashi||14. Chaturdashi|
|15. Purnima||15. Amavasya|
The second day of first of Karthika, is also called Bharatrudwitiya (similar to Bhai Dooj), it is celebrated with sisters entertaining their brothers, following the legend of Yamuna, who entertained her brother Yama on the same day.
Nag Nathaiya in Varanasi, which falls on fourth Tithi of Kartik's Shukla paksha (bright fortnight), is an ancient festival celebrating God Krishna's victory of good over evil, in which Kashi Naresh (the titular king of Varanasi), views the festivities from his royal boat.
- Henderson, Helene. (Ed.) (2005) Holidays, festivals, and celebrations of the world dictionary Third edition. Electronic edition. Detroit: Omnigraphics, p. xxix. ISBN 0-7808-0982-3
- Hindu Calendar
- Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam (ed.). India through the ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 78.