The statue was erected on the top of Sololaki hill in 1958, the year Tbilisi celebrated its 1500th anniversary. Prominent Georgian sculptor Elguja Amashukeli designed the twenty-metre aluminium figure of a woman in Georgian national dress. She symbolizes the Georgian national character: in her left hand she holds a bowl of wine to greet those who come as friends, and in her right hand is a sword for those who come as enemies.
- It has been argued that the original name was Kartvlis Deda, meaning "Mother of a Georgian", but this rendition never entered mainstream use. See: Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia, Volume 1, p. 350, Tbilisi, 1975
- David J Constable, « Kartlis Deda: The Importance of Georgia's Most Famous Woman », huffingtonpost.co.uk, 21/08/2012
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