Karumba, Queensland

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Karumba
Queensland
Karumba-beach-gulf-savannah-queensland-australia.jpg
Karumba Beach Gulf Savannah
Karumba is located in Queensland
Karumba
Karumba
Coordinates 17°29′S 140°50′E / 17.483°S 140.833°E / -17.483; 140.833Coordinates: 17°29′S 140°50′E / 17.483°S 140.833°E / -17.483; 140.833
Population 518 (2006 census)[1]
Postcode(s) 4891
Elevation 2 m (7 ft)[2]
Location
LGA(s) Shire of Carpentaria
State electorate(s) Traeger
Federal Division(s) Kennedy
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
30.7 °C
87 °F
20.1 °C
68 °F
889.8 mm
35 in
Localities around Karumba:
Gulf of Carpentaria Gulf of Carpentaria Howitt
Gulf of Carpentaria Karumba Howitt
Normanton Normanton Normanton

Karumba is a town and locality in the Shire of Carpentaria, Queensland, Australia.[3][4] At the 2006 census, Karumba had a population of 518.[1]

Geography[edit]

Karumba is in the Gulf Country region of Queensland, 71 kilometres (44 mi) by road from Normanton and 2,159 kilometres (1,342 mi) from the state capital, Brisbane. Karumba is within the Shire of Carpentaria, the administrative headquarters of which is in Normanton. The town is sited at the mouth of the Norman River, and enjoys the distinction of being the only town along the southern Gulf of Carpentaria that is within sight of the Gulf itself (the Gulf's extensive tidal flats prohibits settlement elsewhere along its shore).

The rare Morning Glory cloud rolls through Karumba in the early hours of some mornings in September and October.

History[edit]

The settlement was previously known as Norman Mouth and Kimberley.[5] Karumba was used by the local aborigines to describe the place. This name was officially used for the township by the 1880s.[5]

Karumba Post Office opened on 22 August 1889 and closed in 1919.[6]

Given its access to the Gulf of Carpentaria, the town's economy has revolved largely around fishing. The prawn industry expanded in the 1960s.[5]

In the late 1930s the town was a refueling and maintenance stop for the flying boats of the Qantas Empire Airways.[5]

Karumba State School opened in September 1968. [7][8]

The region is repeatedly mentioned in the song "Every Passing Day" by Australian band, Goanna, on their album Oceania.[9]

The Red Hot Chili Peppers song "Animal Bar" from their 2006 album Stadium Arcadium is about Karumba. It is named after a bar called the Animal Bar.[10]

Economy[edit]

The Karumba port services the Century Zinc Mine as well as fishing industry.

Facilities[edit]

Karumba has a public library, visitor information centre, parks, bowls club, golf course, swimming pool, and a sports centre.[11][12]

Climate[edit]

Karumba has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen Aw) with two distinct seasons. The “Wet” usually lasts from December to March and is extremely hot and humid, with wet bulb temperatures typically above 27 °C or 80.6 °F during the afternoons. Most roads during the “Wet” are usually closed by heavy rain, which can exceed 250 millimetres or 9.84 inches in a day due to the passage of tropical cyclones or monsoonal depressions which provide most of the rain. On occasions, however, as with all of Queensland the wet season may fail almost completely and produce less than 350 millimetres (13.78 in) in a full season.

The “Dry” usually lasts from April to the middle of November and is much more comfortable due to lower humidity and milder morning temperatures. This period of the year is essentially bone dry and almost completely cloudless: median rainfall is nil between May and September and over twenty days each month are completely clear.

Climate data for Karumba, Queensland (1938-2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 39.8
(103.6)
37.6
(99.7)
38.4
(101.1)
38.9
(102)
34.5
(94.1)
32.8
(91)
32.4
(90.3)
35.4
(95.7)
36.9
(98.4)
40.4
(104.7)
40.7
(105.3)
41.3
(106.3)
41.3
(106.3)
Average high °C (°F) 32.1
(89.8)
31.7
(89.1)
32.5
(90.5)
32.6
(90.7)
29.8
(85.6)
27.9
(82.2)
27.5
(81.5)
28.6
(83.5)
29.9
(85.8)
31.3
(88.3)
32.6
(90.7)
32.4
(90.3)
30.7
(87.3)
Average low °C (°F) 24.4
(75.9)
24.1
(75.4)
23.2
(73.8)
20.7
(69.3)
17.2
(63)
15.2
(59.4)
14.0
(57.2)
15.2
(59.4)
18.2
(64.8)
21.0
(69.8)
23.3
(73.9)
24.4
(75.9)
20.1
(68.2)
Record low °C (°F) 19.6
(67.3)
18.3
(64.9)
18.0
(64.4)
13.6
(56.5)
8.0
(46.4)
6.9
(44.4)
6.1
(43)
5.3
(41.5)
10.6
(51.1)
12.2
(54)
17.8
(64)
17.9
(64.2)
5.3
(41.5)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 231.0
(9.094)
260.3
(10.248)
156.6
(6.165)
30.3
(1.193)
1.0
(0.039)
8.5
(0.335)
7.1
(0.28)
2.0
(0.079)
1.6
(0.063)
7.3
(0.287)
45.5
(1.791)
142.1
(5.594)
893.3
(35.168)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 12.7 14.7 9.3 2.8 0.4 1.0 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.9 4.2 8.9 56.3
Source: Australian Bureau of Meteorology [13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Karumba (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  2. ^ Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved on 2008-07-05
  3. ^ "Karumba - town (entry 17782)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 12 June 2017. 
  4. ^ "Karumba - locality (entry 42910)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 12 June 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c d Environmental Protection Agency (Queensland) (2002). Heritage Trails of the Queensland Outback. State of Queensland. p. 97. ISBN 0-7345-1040-3. 
  6. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 
  7. ^ "School opening dates". Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  8. ^ "Karumba SS". Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  9. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7VdrjORe7kw
  10. ^ "Animal Bar, Karumba Lodge". Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  11. ^ "Karumba Library". Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  12. ^ "Karumba". Karumba Progress Association. Retrieved 13 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Climate Statistics for Karumba, Queensland". Retrieved March 21, 2012. 

External links[edit]