Karunagappalli

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Karunagappally
Town, Municipality, Taluk
Karunagappally Town Aerial View
Karunagappally Town Aerial View
Karunagappally is located in Kerala
Karunagappally
Karunagappally
Location in Kerala, India
Karunagappally is located in India
Karunagappally
Karunagappally
Karunagappally (India)
Coordinates: 9°3′16″N 76°32′7″E / 9.05444°N 76.53528°E / 9.05444; 76.53528Coordinates: 9°3′16″N 76°32′7″E / 9.05444°N 76.53528°E / 9.05444; 76.53528
Country  India
State Kerala
District Kollam
Government
 • Body Karunagappally Municipality
 • Chairperson M Sobhana
 • Vice Chairman Sakeena Salam
Area
 • Total 66.34 km2 (25.61 sq mi)
Elevation 14 m (46 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 25,336[1]
 • Density 856/km2 (2,220/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 690518
Telephone code +91 (0)4762
ISO 3166 code IN-KL
Vehicle registration KL-23
Nearest city Kollam (27 km)
Sex ratio 999 /
Literacy 94.26%
Civic agency Karunagappally Municipality
Climate Am/Aw (Köppen)
Avg. annual temperature 27.2 °C (81.0 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 35 °C (95 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 24.4 °C (75.9 °F)

Karunagappalli, also written as Karunagappally, is a municipality in Kollam district of Kerala, India. Karunagappalli is situated 27 km (17 mi) north of Kollam and 60 km (37 mi) south of Alappuzha. Karunagappalli taluk consists of Alappad, Ochira, Adinad, Karunagappally, Thazhava, Pavumba, Thodiyoor, Kallalibhagom, Thevalakkara, Chavara, Neendakara, Clappana, Kulasekharapuram, Thekkumbhagam, Ayanivelikulangara, Panmana and Vadakumthala.[2] The municipality is bound on the north by Kayamkulam, on the east by Kunnathur taluk, on the south by Kollam and on the west by the Arabian Sea. It is the largest town in the district outside of Kollam.

Karunagappally is the location of a government engineering college named the College of Engineering Karunagappally, also known as [3] CEK.Europeans called karunagappally as martha.

Tourist attractions[edit]

The main tourist attraction is the House boat facility in Alumkadavu which is close (only 3 km) to Karunagappally town.[4] Sree Narayana Trophy boat race, an annual boat race is organised in the Kannety (Pallickal) River, Karunagappally, during the season of Onam Festival. The famous Chinese fishing nets can be found on the banks of the lagoon. The Amritapuri ashram is also situated in Parayakadavu, which is 8 km from karunagappally. Other tourist attractions are Alumkadavu Backwater, Oachira temple, Pandarathuruth Church, Sheik Masjid Mosque, Padanayarkulangara Mahadeva Temple, Thazhava, Sasthamkotta Lake etc.

Recently, Azheekal Beach is gaining popularity as a local tourist attraction and Boating (Houseboat and speedboat) available in kannetty kayal(lake) in karunagappally.

Azheekal Beach
Azheekal beach 
Azheekal Pozhi
Azheekal Pozhi 

Karunagappally was an ancient budhhist site. There was a budha bhikshu named karinagan who lived in karunagappally. He later became known as pallikkal puthran( as karunagappally is situated on the banks of pallikkal river) hence the name karunagappally.lots of traces of ancient budhhist culture were excavated from various places in and around karunagappally. A statue of karinagan was placed in front of mahadevar temple at the heart of the city . Now it has been moved to krishnapuram palace.

Demographics[edit]

The 2011 India census puts the population of Karunagappalli Municipality is 25,336.[5] As with the rest of the state the population the religious demography of karunagappally is 77% of total population is Hindu community and Muslims are the second largest community having 22% and the Christian community have not seen in near panchayths or muncipipality limits but a small number have been seen in outer areas they are below 1%,and the coastal panchaythat Azheekal there is only 100% of Hindu community . The high literacy of Kerala is reflected in Karunagappalli as well with 94.23% of the population classified as literate as against the national average of 74.04%.[6] Karunagappalli as a taluk, the total population calculated as per the growth rate of 2%, is 418724 in 2017.

Economy[edit]

Karungappalli used to be an agrarian economy until the late 19th century with coconut, banana, tapioca and paddy as the main crops grown. With rapid urbanization and the consequent pressure on land the reliance on agriculture has dwindled. Several cottage and small industries have now come up in the area in brick making, engineering and electronics. Proximity to Kollam (27 km) and the excellent road and rail infrastructure have helped in this transition.

The area also receives substantial foreign remittances from the large number of people from here working in the Gulf countries. Fishing forms the major source of livelihood for the coast dwellers.

Environment[edit]

Karunagappalli is known for high background radiation from thorium-containing monazite sand. In some coastal panchayats, median outdoor radiation levels are more than 4 mGy/yr and, in certain locations on the coast, it is as high as 70 mGy/yr.[7]

Transport[edit]

Both road and rail transport are available. Main road transport is provided by State owned Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) and private transport bus operators. Karunagappally Bus Station is on National Highway 66 (NH 66). Buses available from Karunagappally to Thiruvananthapuram, Alappuzha, Thrissur, Kottayam, Kottarakkara, Kollam, Kodungallur, Guruvayur etc. Local services are also available to various places in the district. The station operates super fast, fast passenger and ordinary buses. KSRTC Bus stand is situated in the heart of the town. Road transport is also supported by private taxis and autorickshaws also called autos.

Karunagappalli railway station, situated in Edakkulangara falls on the Thiruvananthapuram-Ernakulam railway line and only 1.5 km from the KSRTC bus station. Buses and auto rickshaws are available from and to the railway station at all time .Mumbai(Lokamanyathilak)-Thiruvananthapuram-Lokamanyathilak Netravati Express, Kanyakumari-Bangalore-Kanyakumari Island Express,TVC-Hydrabad-TVC Sabari Express,kanyakumari -Mumbai-Kanyakumari Jayanthy Janatha Express,Nagarcoil-mangalur-Nagarcoil Ernad Express,TVC-Mangalur-TVC Maveli Express,TVC-Ernakulam-TVC Vanchinad Express, Nagarcoil-mangalur-Nagarcoil Parasuram Express,TVC-Shornur-TVC Venad Express,TVC-Mangalur-TVC Malabar Express,TVC-palakkad-TVC Amritha Express, Rajya Rani Express, Thiruvananthapuram-Guruvayoor-TVC Intercity Express, Kollam - Visakhapatnam Express,Trivandrum-Mangalapuram-Trivandrum Express and Palaruvi Express are the main train connections. Station Code: KPY.

Trivandrum International Airport is the nearest airport.

Politics[edit]

Karunagapalli assembly constituency is part of Alappuzha Lok Sabha constituency and the major political parties in Karunagappally municipality and nearby panchayaths were CPI[M],BJP,CONGRESS.[8]

Industries[edit]

The major employers in the public sector are Indian Rare Earths Limited (IRE) & Kerala Minerals and Metals Limited (KMML) in Shankaramangalam, KERAFED in Puthiyakavu, House Boat Manufacturing in Alumkadavu, the state owned Kerala Feeds Ltd in Kallelibhagom are also major industries.The KMML is the first of its kind.

Cashew nut industry plays a vital role. Western India cashews in Puthiyakavu and Latha cashews in Charamurimuk are the major cashew processing units in town limits. Coconut, Paddy, Tapioca, Banana etc. are the other main agricultural crops. Prominent small scale and cottage industries are based on bricks, well rings making, engineering and electronics items handicrafts

Religious centers[edit]

There were a lot of temples were seen in karunagapally and nearby panchayaths, and also mosques were also seen but no churches in near areas. Major religious centers are Padanayarkulangara mahadeva temple,sree Mookumpuzha Devi temple,Maruthurkulangara shiva temple, Mararithottam Mahadeva temple, Puthiyakavu devi temple, karunagappally jamaat mosque, Vallikkavu temple.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Karunagappalli Population - Census 2011". census2011.co.in. Census India. Retrieved 9 January 2016. 
  2. ^ [1] Taluks & Villages - Kollam District
  3. ^ "CEK - College of Engineering Karunagappally". College of Engineering Karunagappally. 
  4. ^ [2] Karunagappally Tourism at a glance.
  5. ^ "Karunagappalli Population - Census 2011". census2011.co.in. Census India. Retrieved 9 January 2016. 
  6. ^ "Census 2011" (PDF). 
  7. ^ Nair RR, Rajan B, Akiba S, Jayalekshmi P, Nair MK, Gangadharan P, Koga T, Morishima H, Nakamura S, Sugahara T (January 2009). "Background radiation and cancer incidence in Kerala, India-Karanagappally cohort study". Health Physics. 96: 55–66. doi:10.1097/01.HP.0000327646.54923.11. PMID 19066487. 
  8. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 2008-10-20.