Karyan, Fars

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Karyan

كاريان
village
Karyan is located in Iran
Karyan
Karyan
Coordinates: 28°08′55″N 53°32′47″E / 28.14861°N 53.54639°E / 28.14861; 53.54639Coordinates: 28°08′55″N 53°32′47″E / 28.14861°N 53.54639°E / 28.14861; 53.54639
Country Iran
ProvinceFars
CountyLarestan
DistrictJuyom
Rural DistrictHarm
Population
 (2006)
 • Total2,068
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)

Karyan (Persian: كاريان‎, also Romanized as Kāryān, Kāreyān, Kārīān, and Kārīyān)[1] is a village in Harm Rural District, Juyom District, Larestan County, Fars Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 2,068, in 404 families.[2]

Karyan is the setting of a Zoroastrian legend during the time of the Muslim conquest of Persia, where a Muslim force of 12,000 men besieged Karyun only to be slain single-handedly and unopposed by a Persian defender named Shah Karan while they were engaged in their prayer.[3] However, a new Muslim army, seeking revenge, was able to conquer Karyan after the betrayal of Shah Karan's wife and the residents were then massacred.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karyan can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3069759" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11.
  3. ^ Mary Boyce. "Bībī Shahrbānū and the Lady of Pārs". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. Cambridge University Press on behalf of School of Oriental and African Studies. 30 (1, Fiftieth Anniversary Volume (1967)): 41. doi:10.1017/s0041977x00099080. JSTOR 611813. In the Harm district of Fars, not so very far from Yazd, Edward Strack came across a naive legend which is a rough inversion of the Zoroastrian one; see his Six months in Persia, I, London, 1882, 119. According to this, at the time of the Arab invasions, a certain Zoroastrian, Shah Karan, was besieged at Karyun by 12,000 Arabs; and sallying out of the fort while they were at their prayers (which they would not leave), he slew them all. There were 40 virgins in the camp, who prayed to Allah for deliverance from him. The earth duly opened and swallowed 37 of them. The remaining three fled, pursued by him and his men. One turned to the mountains to the north and was nearly captured, when a cave opened in the mountain-side and she ran in and disappeared. 'The cave is called The Ghar Bibi, or Lady's Cave, to this day, and is well known to have no end.' Another of the maidens also disappeared into the mountain-side 'and water has trickled from the cleft ever since'. The third is said to have died of exhaustion on the mountains to the south. ' Her shrine, called that of the Bibi darmanda, or Tired-out Lady, is a famous place of prayer for childless wives.'
  4. ^ Edward Stack (2013) [Original work published 1882]. "Six Months in Persia". 1: 119–21. Retrieved 24 June 2014.