Karyn Kusama

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Karyn Kusama
BornKaryn Kiyoko Kusama
(1968-03-21) March 21, 1968 (age 50)
St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
ResidenceLos Angeles, California
EducationNew York University
OccupationFilmmaker
Years active1996–present
Spouse(s)
Phil Hay (m. 2006)
Children1

Karyn Kiyoko Kusama (born March 21, 1968)[1] is an American independent film director known for the 2000 film Girlfight,[2] which she wrote, directed, and produced.[3]

Kusama went on to direct 2005's Æon Flux and 2009's Jennifer's Body. She directed the 2015 horror film, The Invitation and has recently worked as a television director.[4] In 2017 she directed a segment in the film XX, an all-female horror anthology. Her latest film is the 2018 crime thriller Destroyer. Most of her films have been written by her husband Phil Hay and his writing partner Matt Manfredi.

Early life[edit]

Kusama grew up in St. Louis, Missouri,[5]:264, 266 the daughter of Haruo Kusama, a child psychiatrist and Susan McGuire, an educational psychiatrist.[6][7] Her father is Japanese.[3]

Kusama graduated from Ladue Horton Watkins High School in St. Louis, Missouri.[8] In 1990, she earned a BFA in Film & TV from New York University's Tisch School of the Arts.[3]

Career[edit]

After graduating from NYU, where she won a Mobile Prize for a student film called Sleeping Beauties,[7] Kusama worked as an editor on documentary films, in production on independent film and music videos, as a nanny, and painting houses.[9]:312

Through her nanny job she met filmmaker John Sayles and worked as his assistant for three years while he was making the film Lone Star, as well as the development of his films Men with Guns and Limbo.[10]

While working for Sayles, she continued to write screenplays. In 1992, Kusama started boxing at Gleason's Gym in Brooklyn, training with Hector Roca.[2][7] She began collecting ideas for Girlfight, but didn't start writing it until two years later.[9]:314–315[11]

At age 31, Kusama wrote and directed her debut feature, Girlfight. It took two years to find financing for the film, reportedly due to her insistence that the main character be a Latina rather than allowing the film to become a vehicle for a well-known white actress.[2][3]

After financing fell through shortly before shooting began, Girlfight was fully financed by film-maker John Sayles, for whom she worked as an assistant at the time and who served as a mentor.[3][9]:309 The film was released in 2000 and won the Director's Prize and the Grand Jury Prize at the Sundance Film Festival, as well as the Prix de la Jeunesse at the Cannes Film Festival. The independent feature film with a budget of around US$1 million was critically well received. However, it brought in only US$1,667,000,[12] which was considered a poor return; it has since become a classic example of the "Sundance Effect".

In 2005, Kusama directed her second film, Æon Flux, a Paramount Pictures studio production that starred Charlize Theron and had a budget of US$62,000,000. The film had been ushered through production by Paramount studio chief Sherry Lansing but during post-production Lansing left, which resulted in the film being recut and reworked, with significant changes from Kusama's original vision. Following this experience, Kusama said she would never again work on a film in which she doesn't have control of the final cut.[10] Its worldwide gross was estimated at around US$52,000,000.[13]

In 2009, Kusama directed the horror film Jennifer's Body, which was written by Diablo Cody and starred actress Megan Fox in the lead role.[14] The film grossed approximately US$31,000,000 on a budget of around US$16,000,000.[15] Despite its box office success, the film received mixed reviews from critics upon its release but has since become a cult classic. In regards to the reappraisals of the film, Kusama credited its "distinctly female perspective," stating she had intended to make a movie where young women could see themselves represented.[16] Kusama has since described working on both Æon Flux and Jennifer's Body as "learning experiences," wherein she learned how to navigate the Hollywood studio system.[17]

In 2015, Kusama directed The Invitation, a horror movie written by Kusama's husband Phil Hay and his writing partner, Matt Manfredi, and starring Logan Marshall-Green.[18] The film was funded by a film consortium called Gamechanger Films, who fund films directed by women.[19] It premiered at the 2015 SXSW Festival, to great acclaim,[20] and was released by Drafthouse Films.[21] The film would win the International Critic's Award at the 2015 Neuchâtel International Fantastic Film Festival, and was also nominated for Best Picture.[22] Other accolades won by the film included Best Film at the 2015 Sitges Film Festival and the Golden Octopus at the 2015 Strasbourg European Fantastic Film Festival.[23][24]

Part of the film's inspiration are the experiences of loss that Kusama, Hay, and Manfredi had. Kusama's brother, Kevin, died when she was young, as did a close friend in New York. The film was shot in sequence, cost US$1 million, and was filmed in 20 days in Los Angeles.[3] Due to the low production cost and time of the film, Kusama noted that despite the challenges involved with making a movie in this manner she had the creative control she lacked on her previous Hollywood films.[17][25]

Starting in 2015, Kusama began working regularly in TV as a director on shows like Halt and Catch Fire, Casual, and Billions. Kusama is slated to direct the upcoming adaptation of Breed, an adult horror novel by Scott Spencer under the pen name Chase Novak. The film will again be produced and written by Kusama's husband Phil Hay and his partner Matt Manfredi.[26]

In 2017, Kusama directed a segment of an all female directed anthology horror film called XX.[27][28]

In 2018, Kusama released her latest directorial effort, a Los Angeles-set crime thriller titled Destroyer. The film stars Nicole Kidman in its lead role, who according to Kusama had lobbied for the part after reading the script.[25] The film was again written and produced by Hays and Manfredi, with La La Land producer Fred Berger serving as an additional producer. The film began production in the December of 2017 for a 33-day shoot and was shot on location.[25] The film made its debut at the Telluride Film Festival to positive reactions, and later screened in competition for the Platform Prize at the 2018 Toronto International Film Festival.[29][30] The American theatrical rights for the film have been acquired by Annapurna Pictures, with a release set for December 2018.[31]

Themes and Style[edit]

Kusama's films have been noted for their strong feminist themes, and with the exception of The Invitation, all her films have featured female protagonists. Her protagonists are often flawed, with the filmmaker citing an interest in ambiguity and difficulty in characters.[16] Kusama has described herself as a "feminist apologetically" and has criticized the barriers that women face in the film industry.[16][32] In addition to themes of feminism, Kusama has also explored existential themes such as loss, despair, and anxiety in her films.[16][20]

Kusama's interest in being a filmmaker comes from the "disparate elements" of art in storytelling from dialogue to music, and the opportunity that being a filmmaker allows in uniting these elements into a single vision.[32] Her films have often drawn upon and been influenced by her own experiences and connections.[32]

Some of her films have been set in the city of Los Angeles. On the city's usage in The Invitation, Kusama that despite the film being primarily set and shot in a single interior space it had to be set in Los Angeles due to the mythology and history of the city and the surrounding Southern California region.[17] With Destroyer, Kusama aimed to authentically depict parts of the city not often seen in popular culture, resulting in its location shooting going "off the beaten path."[32]

Personal life[edit]

Kusama married screenwriter Phil Hay in October 2006. They have a son. Although they had known each other since meeting at Sundance when Girlfight premiered in 2000, it wasn't until they worked together on Æon Flux that they began dating.[3]

Kusama has named Jonathan Glazer and Jacques Audiard as two current filmmakers who have influenced her.[20] She has also named Chantal Akerman's Jeanne Dielman one of her favorite female-directed films.[32]

Filmography[edit]

Film[edit]

TV[edit]

  • 2007: The L Word, episode: "Little Boy Blue"
  • 2015: Chicago Fire, episode: "Forgiving, Relentless, Unconditional"
  • 2015: Halt and Catch Fire, episodes: "High Plains Hardware", "Working for the Clampdown" and "The Threshold"
  • 2015: The Man in the High Castle, episode: "End of the World"
  • 2016: Casual, episodes: "Such Good Friends" and "Big Green Egg"
  • 2016: Billions, episode: "Quality of Life"
  • 2017: The Man in the High Castle, episode: "Land O' Smiles"
  • 2017: Billions, episode: "Golden Frog Time"

Awards[edit]

Year Film Role Notes
2000 Girlfight Director, Writer

Director's Prize at the 2000 Sundance Film Festival
Grand Jury Prize at the 2000 Sundance Film Festival
Prix de la Jeunesse at the 2000 Cannes Film Festival
Grand Prize at the 2000 Deauville Film Festival
Best Feature Independent Feature Project's Gotham Awards
Silver Spike at the 2000 Valladolid International Film Festival
FIPRESCI Prize - Special Mention at Flanders International Film Festival Ghent

2015 The Invitation Director Best Feature Film at the 2015 Sitges Film Festival

Golden Octopus at the 2015 Strasbourg European Fantastic Film Festival

International Critic's Award at the 2015 Neuchâtel International Fantastic Film Festival

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Karyn Kiyoko Kusama - United States Public Records". FamilySearch. 2001.
  2. ^ a b c Gordon, Bette (Fall 2000). "Karyn Kusama". BOMB Magazine. 73: 74–79. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Vary, Adam B. (April 7, 2016). "How Hollywood Turned Its Back On One Of The Most Exciting Filmmakers". BuzzFeed.
  4. ^ Lewis, Hilary (April 8, 2016). "Rapid Round: 'The Invitation' Director Karyn Kusama Explains 7-Year Break From Filmmaking". The Hollywood Reporter.
  5. ^ Rybicky, Dan (2008). "Chapter 13: "And Maybe There Is a Way to Give Hollywood the Kick in the Ass That It Needs: An Interview with Karyn Kusama". In Bernardi, Daniel. Filming Difference: Actors, Directors, Producers, and Writers on Gender, Race, and Sexuality in Film. University of Texas Press. pp. 263–288. ISBN 978-0-292-71923-1. OCLC 488626749.
  6. ^ "Charlotte Hursh McGuire". Herald & Review. Decatur, Illinois. March 23, 2003. p. 10.
  7. ^ a b c Smith, Dinitia (October 1, 2000). "Film; Now It's Women's Turn to Make It in the Ring". The New York Times.
  8. ^ Silva, Eddie (September 20, 2000). "Fighting Chance: In the ring with Karyn Kusama, the Ladue-bred writer/director of Girlfight". The Riverfront Times.
  9. ^ a b c Figgis, Mike (2000). "Karyn Kusama". In Lippy, Tod; Boorman, John; Donohue, Walter. Projections 11: New York Film-Makers on New York Film-Making. London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-20591-2. OCLC 45625833.
  10. ^ a b Horowitz, Josh (2006). "Karyn Kusama". The Mind of the Modern Moviemaker: 20 Conversations with the New Generation of Filmmakers. New York: Penguin Group. ISBN 978-0-452-28681-8. OCLC 475147506.
  11. ^ Baker, Aaron (September 2000). "A new combination: Women and the boxing film: An interview with Karyn Kusama". Cineaste. 25 (4): 22–26.
  12. ^ "Girlfight". Box Office Mojo. 2000.
  13. ^ "Aeon Flux". Box Office Mojo. 2005.
  14. ^ Wilson, Staci Layne (September 17, 2009). "Karyn Kusama – Interview with the Director of Jennifer's Body". Horror.com.
  15. ^ "Jennifer's Body". Box Office Mojo. 2009.
  16. ^ a b c d Puchko, Kristy (2018-10-11). "Karyn Kusama on Destroyer, sexism in filmmaking, and the redemption of Jennifer's Body". SYFY. Retrieved 2018-11-13.
  17. ^ a b c Allen, Nick. "Freedom of Mind: Karyn Kusama on". www.rogerebert.com. Retrieved 2018-11-13.
  18. ^ Levine, Jonathan; Kusama, Karyn (April 8, 2016). "The Invitation DGA Q&A with Karyn Kusama and Gil Kenan". Directors Guild of America.
  19. ^ Jedeikin, Miri; Cornet, Roth; Kusama, Karyn (March 18, 2016). "From Girlfight to The Invitation. Karyn Kusama: Girls On Film". HitFix.
  20. ^ a b c LaBrie, Sarah (March 22, 2015). "Director Karyn Kusama talks about her ensemble horror film The Invitation". The Verge.
  21. ^ Kang, Inkoo (April 7, 2015). "Karyn Kusama's 'The Invitation' Bought by Drafthouse Films".
  22. ^ Rowan-Legg, Shelagh (2015-07-13). "Neuchatel 2015: GREEN ROOM, THE INVITATION Win". ScreenAnarchy. Retrieved 2018-11-13.
  23. ^ "'The Invitation' is proclaimed the winner of Sitges 2015 - Sitges Film Festival - Festival Internacional de Cinema Fantàstic de Catalunya". sitgesfilmfestival.com. Retrieved 2018-11-13. line feed character in |title= at position 59 (help)
  24. ^ "Archives Festival 2015 english – FEFFS". strasbourgfestival.com. Retrieved 2018-11-13.
  25. ^ a b c Yamato, Jen. "Karyn Kusama's restless noir 'Destroyer' uncovers an L.A. — and a Nicole Kidman — you haven't seen before - Los Angeles Times". latimes.com. Retrieved 2018-11-13.
  26. ^ McNary, Dave (September 19, 2016). "Karyn Kusama Directing Horror Movie 'Breed' Based on Chase Novak Novel".
  27. ^ Yamato, Jen (October 8, 2014). "Magnet Springs For Femme-Driven Horror Anthology 'XX'". Deadline Hollywood.
  28. ^ Crucchiola, Jordan (February 20, 2017). "Director Karyn Kusama Will Make You a Believer in the Power of Genre Cinema". Vulture.
  29. ^ Tapley, Kristopher (2018-08-30). "'First Man,' 'Front Runner' and 'Roma' Among 2018 Telluride Film Festival Selections". Variety. Retrieved 2018-11-13.
  30. ^ "13 filmmakers compete for the TIFF '18 Toronto Platform Prize". TIFF. 2018-08-08. Retrieved 2018-11-13.
  31. ^ Wiseman, Andreas (2018-05-14). "Cannes All-Nighter: Annapurna Wins U.S. Rights To Nicole Kidman Crime-Thriller 'Destroyer'". Deadline. Retrieved 2018-11-13.
  32. ^ a b c d e Majumdar, Antora. "TIFF 2018 Women Directors: Meet Karyn Kusama — "Destroyer"". womenandhollywood.com. Retrieved 2018-11-13.

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