Karyn Kusama

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Karyn Kusama
Born
Karyn Kiyoko Kusama

(1968-03-21) March 21, 1968 (age 52)
EducationNew York University
OccupationFilmmaker
Years active1996–present
Spouse(s)
(m. 2006)
Children1

Karyn Kiyoko Kusama (born March 21, 1968)[1] is an American filmmaker. She made her directorial and writing feature film debut with the acclaimed sports drama Girlfight (2000),[2][3] for which received a nomination for the Independent Spirit Award for Best First Feature.

Kusama went on to direct the science fiction action film Æon Flux (2005), based on Peter Chung's animated series of the same name, and the cult horror comedy film Jennifer's Body (2009). After working extensively as a television director,[4] Kusama directed the horror film The Invitation (2015), a segment in the all-female horror anthology film XX (2017), and the Nicole Kidman-starring crime thriller film Destroyer (2018).

Among her numerous accolades, Kusama has received awards from the Cannes Film Festival and the Sundance Film Festival. She has been married to screenwriter Phil Hay since 2006, with whom she shares a son. Hay has co-written three of her films with his writing partner Matt Manfredi.

Early life and education[edit]

Kusama was born in St. Louis, Missouri,[5]:264, 266 the daughter of Haruo Kusama, a Japanese child psychiatrist and Susan McGuire, an Midwestern educational psychiatrist.[6][7][3] She graduated from Ladue Horton Watkins High School in St. Louis,[8] and in 1990, she earned a BFA in Film & TV from New York University's Tisch School of the Arts.[3]

Career[edit]

1996–2009: Girlfight, Æon Flux, and Jennifer's Body[edit]

After graduating from NYU, where she won a Mobil Prize for a student film called Sleeping Beauties,[7] Kusama worked as an editor on documentary films, in production on independent film and music videos, as a nanny, and painting houses.[9]:312 Through her nanny job she met filmmaker John Sayles and worked as his assistant for three years while he was making the film Lone Star, as well as the development of his films Men with Guns and Limbo.[10] While working for Sayles, she continued to write screenplays. In 1992, Kusama started boxing at Gleason's Gym in Brooklyn, training with Hector Roca.[2][7] She began collecting ideas for Girlfight, but didn't start writing it until two years later.[9]:314–315[11]

At age 31, Kusama wrote and directed her debut feature, Girlfight. It took several years to find financing for the film, reportedly due to her insistence that the main character be a Latina rather than allowing the film to become a vehicle for a well-known white actress.[2][3] After financing fell through shortly before shooting began, Girlfight was partially financed by film-maker John Sayles, for whom she worked as an assistant at the time and who served as a mentor.[3][9]:309 The film was released in 2000 and won the Director's Prize and shared the Grand Jury Prize at the Sundance Film Festival, as well as the Prix de la Jeunesse at the Cannes Film Festival. The independent feature film with a budget of around US$1 million was critically well received. However, it brought in only US$1,667,000,[12] which was considered a poor return; it has since become a classic example of the "Sundance Effect".[further explanation needed]

In 2005, Kusama directed her second film, Æon Flux, a Paramount Pictures studio production that starred Charlize Theron and had a budget of US$62,000,000. The film had been ushered through production by Paramount studio chief Sherry Lansing but during production Lansing left, which resulted in the film being recut and reworked, with significant changes from Kusama's original vision. Following this experience, Kusama said she would never again work on a film in which she doesn't have control of the final cut.[10] Its worldwide gross was estimated at $10 million below budget,[13] putting Kusama's career on ice for years afterwards.[14]

In 2009, Kusama directed the horror film Jennifer's Body, which was written by Diablo Cody and starred actress Megan Fox in the lead role.[15] The film grossed approximately US$31,000,000 on a budget of around US$16,000,000.[16] Despite its box office success, the film received mixed reviews from critics upon its release but has since become a cult classic. The film was critically reassessed over time as a "forgotten feminist classic".[17] According to Cody, the film was marketed incorrectly by executives who focused their efforts on the young male audience.[18] In regards to the reappraisals of the film, Kusama credited its "distinctly female perspective," stating she had intended to make a film where young women could see themselves represented.[19] Kusama has since described working on both Æon Flux and Jennifer's Body as "learning experiences," wherein she learned how to navigate the Hollywood studio system.[20]

2010–present: The Invitation, XX, and Destroyer[edit]

In 2013, Kusama directed the short film Speechless. Starting in 2014, Kusama began working regularly in television as a director on several series, such as Halt and Catch Fire, The Man in the High Castle, Casual, Billions, and The Outsider. Kusama was slated to direct an adaptation of Breed, an adult horror novel by Scott Spencer under the pen name Chase Novak. The film was to be produced and written by Kusama's husband Phil Hay and his partner Matt Manfredi, but there have been no updates since the film's announcement.[21]

In 2015, Kusama directed The Invitation, a horror film written by Kusama's husband Phil Hay and his writing partner Matt Manfredi, and starring Logan Marshall-Green.[22] The film was funded by a film consortium called Gamechanger Films, who fund films directed by women.[23] It premiered at the 2015 SXSW Festival, to great acclaim,[24] and was released by Drafthouse Films.[25] The film would win the International Critic's Award at the 2015 Neuchâtel International Fantastic Film Festival, and was also nominated for Best Picture.[26] Other accolades won by the film included Best Film at the 2015 Sitges Film Festival and the Golden Octopus at the 2015 Strasbourg European Fantastic Film Festival.[27][28]

Part of the film's inspiration are the experiences of loss that Kusama, Hay, and Manfredi had. Kusama's brother, Kevin, died when she was young, as did a close friend in New York. The film was shot in sequence, cost US$1 million, and was filmed in 20 days in Los Angeles.[3] Due to the low production cost and time of the film, Kusama noted that despite the challenges involved with making a film in this manner she had the creative control she lacked on her previous Hollywood films.[20][29]

In 2017, Kusama wrote and directed a segment, titled "Her Only Living Son", in the all-female directed anthology horror film XX.[30][31]

In 2018, Kusama directed the Los Angeles-set crime thriller film Destroyer, which starred Nicole Kidman in the lead role. According to Kusama, Kidman had lobbied for the part after reading the script.[29] The film made its debut at the Telluride Film Festival to positive reactions for Kusama's direction and Kidman's performance,[32][33] but bombed at the box office.[34][35][36]

Themes and style[edit]

Kusama's films have been noted for their strong feminist themes, and with the exception of The Invitation, all her films have featured female protagonists. Her protagonists are often flawed, with the filmmaker citing an interest in ambiguity and difficulty in characters.[19] Kusama has described herself as a "feminist unapologetically" and has criticized the barriers that women face in the film industry.[19][37] In addition to themes of feminism, Kusama has also explored existential themes such as loss, despair, and anxiety in her films.[19][24]

Kusama's interest in being a filmmaker comes from the "disparate elements" of art in storytelling from dialogue to music, and the opportunity that being a filmmaker allows in uniting these elements into a single vision.[37] Her films have often drawn upon and been influenced by her own experiences and connections.[37]

Some of her films have been set in the city of Los Angeles. On the city's usage in The Invitation, Kusama that despite the film being primarily set and shot in a single interior space it had to be set in Los Angeles due to the mythology and history of the city and the surrounding Southern California region.[20] With Destroyer, Kusama aimed to authentically depict parts of the city not often seen in popular culture, resulting in its location shooting going "off the beaten path."[37]

Personal life[edit]

Kusama married screenwriter Phil Hay in October 2006. They have a son. Although they had known each other since meeting at Sundance when Girlfight premiered in 2000, it wasn't until they worked together on Æon Flux that they began dating.[3]

Kusama has named Jonathan Glazer and Jacques Audiard as two current filmmakers who have influenced her.[24] She has also named Chantal Akerman's arthouse film Jeanne Dielman as one of her favorite female-directed films.[37]

Filmography[edit]

Film[edit]

Year Title Credited as
Director Writer
2000 Girlfight Yes Yes
2005 Æon Flux Yes No
2009 Jennifer's Body Yes No
2015 The Invitation Yes No
2018 Destroyer Yes No

Short films[edit]

Year Title Credited as Notes
Director Writer
1991 Sleeping Beauties Yes Yes
2013 Speechless Yes No
2017 Her Only Living Son Yes Yes Segment of XX

Television[edit]

Year Title Credited as Notes
Director Executive
Producer
2007 The L Word Yes No Episode: "Little Boy Blue"
2014–2017 Halt and Catch Fire Yes No 4 episodes
2015 Chicago Fire Yes No Episode: "Forgiving, Relentless, Unconditional"
2015–2016 The Man in the High Castle Yes No 2 episodes
2016 Casual Yes No 2 episodes
2016 Masters of Sex Yes No Episode: "Night and Day"
2016–2017 Billions Yes No 2 episodes
2020 The Outsider Yes No Episode: "The One About The Yiddish Vampire"
TBA Yellowjackets Yes Yes Episode: "Pilot"

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Title Awards
2000 Girlfight Cannes Film Festival Award of the Youth for Foreign Film
FIPRESCI Prize – Special Mention
Gotham Open Palm Award
Sundance Directing Award in the Dramatic Category
Sundance Grand Jury Prize in the Dramatic Category
Seminci Silver Spike
Nominated – Black Reel Award for Best Director
Nominated – Caméra d'Or
Nominated – CICAE Award for Best Film
Nominated – Deauville Grand Special Prize
Nominated – Ghent Festival Grand Prize
Nominated – Independent Spirit Award for Best First Feature
2015 The Invitation Octopus d'Or Jury Prize
Sitges Film Festival Award for Best Motion Picture
Nominated – Fright Meter Award for Best Director
Nominated – iHorror Award for Best Horror Director
Nominated – Narcisse Award for Best Feature Film
2017 XX Neuchâtel International Critics Award
2018 Destroyer Nominated – BFI London Official Competition
Nominated – EDA Female Focus Award for Best Woman Director
Nominated – Toronto Platform Prize

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Karyn Kiyoko Kusama - United States Public Records". FamilySearch. 2001.
  2. ^ a b c Gordon, Bette (Fall 2000). "Karyn Kusama". BOMB Magazine. 73: 74–79. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Vary, Adam B. (April 7, 2016). "How Hollywood Turned Its Back On One Of The Most Exciting Filmmakers". BuzzFeed.
  4. ^ Lewis, Hilary (April 8, 2016). "Rapid Round: 'The Invitation' Director Karyn Kusama Explains 7-Year Break From Filmmaking". The Hollywood Reporter.
  5. ^ Rybicky, Dan (2008). "Chapter 13: "And Maybe There Is a Way to Give Hollywood the Kick in the Ass That It Needs: An Interview with Karyn Kusama". In Bernardi, Daniel (ed.). Filming Difference: Actors, Directors, Producers, and Writers on Gender, Race, and Sexuality in Film. University of Texas Press. pp. 263–288. ISBN 978-0-292-71923-1. OCLC 488626749.
  6. ^ "Charlotte Hursh McGuire". Herald & Review. Decatur, Illinois. March 23, 2003. p. 10.
  7. ^ a b c Smith, Dinitia (October 1, 2000). "Film; Now It's Women's ki Turn to Make It in the Ring". The New York Times.
  8. ^ Silva, Eddie (September 20, 2000). "Fighting Chance: In the ring with Karyn Kusama, the Ladue-bred writer/director of Girlfight". The Riverfront Times.
  9. ^ a b c Figgis, Mike (2000). "Karyn Kusama". In Lippy, Tod; Boorman, John; Donohue, Walter (eds.). Projections 11: New York Film-Makers on New York Film-Making. London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-20591-2. OCLC 45625833.
  10. ^ a b Horowitz, Josh (2006). "Karyn Kusama". The Mind of the Modern Moviemaker: 20 Conversations with the New Generation of Filmmakers. New York: Penguin Group. ISBN 978-0-452-28681-8. OCLC 475147506.
  11. ^ Baker, Aaron (September 2000). "A new combination: Women and the boxing film: An interview with Karyn Kusama". Cineaste. 25 (4): 22–26.
  12. ^ "Girlfight". Box Office Mojo. 2000.
  13. ^ "Aeon Flux". Box Office Mojo. 2005.
  14. ^ https://www.vulture.com/2020/07/the-brutal-pleasure-of-charlize-therons-turn-to-action.html
  15. ^ Wilson, Staci Layne (September 17, 2009). "Karyn Kusama – Interview with the Director of Jennifer's Body". Horror.com.
  16. ^ "Jennifer's Body". Box Office Mojo. 2009.
  17. ^ Grady, Constance (October 31, 2018). "How Jennifer's Body went from a flop in 2009 to a feminist cult classic today". Vox. Retrieved August 5, 2020.
  18. ^ VanDerWerff, Emily Todd (November 10, 2018). "The life, death, and rebirth of Jennifer's Body, according to screenwriter Diablo Cody". Vox. Retrieved August 5, 2020.
  19. ^ a b c d Puchko, Kristy (October 11, 2018). "Karyn Kusama on Destroyer, sexism in filmmaking, and the redemption of Jennifer's Body". SYFY. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  20. ^ a b c Allen, Nick. "Freedom of Mind: Karyn Kusama on". www.rogerebert.com. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  21. ^ McNary, Dave (September 19, 2016). "Karyn Kusama Directing Horror Movie 'Breed' Based on Chase Novak Novel".
  22. ^ Levine, Jonathan; Kusama, Karyn (April 8, 2016). "The Invitation DGA Q&A with Karyn Kusama and Gil Kenan". Directors Guild of America.
  23. ^ Jedeikin, Miri; Cornet, Roth; Kusama, Karyn (March 18, 2016). "From Girlfight to The Invitation. Karyn Kusama: Girls On Film". HitFix.
  24. ^ a b c LaBrie, Sarah (March 22, 2015). "Director Karyn Kusama talks about her ensemble horror film The Invitation". The Verge.
  25. ^ Kang, Inkoo (April 7, 2015). "Karyn Kusama's 'The Invitation' Bought by Drafthouse Films". Archived from the original on April 10, 2015. Retrieved April 10, 2015.
  26. ^ Rowan-Legg, Shelagh (July 13, 2015). "Neuchatel 2015: GREEN ROOM, THE INVITATION Win". ScreenAnarchy. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  27. ^ "'The Invitation' is proclaimed the winner of Sitges 2015 - Sitges Film Festival - Festival Internacional de Cinema Fantàstic de Catalunya". sitgesfilmfestival.com. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  28. ^ "Archives Festival 2015 english – FEFFS". strasbourgfestival.com. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  29. ^ a b Yamato, Jen. "Karyn Kusama's restless noir 'Destroyer' uncovers an L.A. — and a Nicole Kidman — you haven't seen before - Los Angeles Times". latimes.com. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  30. ^ Yamato, Jen (October 8, 2014). "Magnet Springs For Femme-Driven Horror Anthology 'XX'". Deadline Hollywood.
  31. ^ Crucchiola, Jordan (February 20, 2017). "Director Karyn Kusama Will Make You a Believer in the Power of Genre Cinema". Vulture.
  32. ^ Tapley, Kristopher (August 30, 2018). "'First Man,' 'Front Runner' and 'Roma' Among 2018 Telluride Film Festival Selections". Variety. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  33. ^ "13 filmmakers compete for the TIFF '18 Toronto Platform Prize". TIFF. August 8, 2018. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  34. ^ Smallwood, Christine (December 20, 2018). "The Filmmaker Karyn Kusama Explores the Many Dimensions of Women's Rage". The New York Times. Retrieved December 25, 2018.
  35. ^ "Feature Films: A Profile of Production" (PDF). FilmL.A. March 2020: Page 25. Retrieved March 4, 2020. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  36. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (December 30, 2018). "'Aquaman' Sailing To $52M+ 2nd Weekend; $189M+ Cume Pacing Ahead Of 'Doctor Strange' & 'Guardians Of The Galaxy'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved December 30, 2018.
  37. ^ a b c d e Majumdar, Antora. "TIFF 2018 Women Directors: Meet Karyn Kusama — "Destroyer"". womenandhollywood.com. Retrieved November 13, 2018.

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