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After the independence of Congo in 1960, Kasai seceded for a while under influence of Belgium and became an independent kingdom. After the assassination of Patrice Lumumba the following year, Kasai came back to Congo.[clarification needed]
Until 2015 Kasai region was divided administratively into two provinces, Kasai-Occidental and Kasai-Oriental. After 2015, the former Districts within these provinces were in some cases combined with cities that had been independently administered, and their status was elevated to the five current provinces:
In spring 2017, long-running resentment of central government's remoteness and corruption exploded into a rebellion, triggered by official rejection of a local chief, Kamwina Nsapu, who in August was killed by security forces. In the fighting that followed, nearly 1.4 million people were displaced, among them around 850,000 children, leading to a hunger crisis across the region as subsistence farmers were unable to plant crops.
- Surviving Congo's massacres: 'I climbed over bodies to flee', BBC, 14 December 2017
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