Kasaragod

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Kasaragod

Kanhirakode[1]
Municipal Town
Kasaragod
Kasaragod town
Kasaragod town
Nickname(s): 
Kaasrodu
Kasaragod is located in Kerala
Kasaragod
Kasaragod
Location of Kasaragod in Kerala
Kasaragod is located in India
Kasaragod
Kasaragod
Kasaragod (India)
Coordinates: 12°30′N 75°00′E / 12.5°N 75.0°E / 12.5; 75.0Coordinates: 12°30′N 75°00′E / 12.5°N 75.0°E / 12.5; 75.0
Country India
StateKerala
RegionsNorth Malabar
DistrictKasaragod
Municipality Established1966
Government
 • TypeDistrict
 • BodyKasaragod Municipality
 • Municipal ChairmanV.M.Muneer (UDF)
 • District CollectorDr. D Sajith Babu IAS
 • Superintendent of PoliceP B Rajeev IPS
 • MPRajmohan Unnithan
 • MLAN. A. Nellikkunnu
Area
 • Municipal Town16.7 km2 (6.4 sq mi)
 • Metro
93.3 km2 (36.0 sq mi)
Elevation
19 m (62 ft)
Population
 • Municipal Town54,172
 • Density3,200/km2 (8,400/sq mi)
 • Metro
192,856
Languages
 • OfficialMalayalam, English[2]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
671121
Telephone91–04994
Vehicle registrationKL-14
Websitekasargod.nic.in/index_main.htm

Kasaragod ([kɑːsɾɡoːɖ] (About this soundlisten) and Malayalam: Kanhirakode,[1] English: Kassergode, Arabic: Harkwillia[3]) is a municipal town and administrative headquarters of Kasaragod district of Kerala state in India. Situated in the rich biodiversity of Western Ghats, it is known for the Chandragiri and Bekal Forts,[4] Chandragiri River, historic Kolathiri Rajas, natural environment of Ranipuram and Kottancheri Hills, historical and religious sites like the Madiyan Kulom temple, Madhur Temple, Ananthapuram Lake Temple and Malik Deenar Mosque. It is located 50 km south of the major port city & a commercial hub Mangalore and 578 km north of state capital Thiruvananthapuram.

Etymology[edit]

Until 16th century CE, Kasargod town was known by the name Kanhirakode (meaning, 'The land of Kanhira Trees') in Malayalam.[1] Kasaragod was under Kumbla dynasty until 16th century, which was vassal to the kingdom of Kolathunadu based at Kannur.[5] Kannada kingdoms focused on the port and surroundings in the 16th century CE. Kasaragod is the Kannada version of Malayalam term Kanhirakode.

Politics[edit]

The major political parties are CPI(M), CPI, Indian Union Muslim League, INC and BJP. North Kasaragod is dominated by BJP and IUML, and the south is dominated by CPI(M). N.A. Nellikkunnu is the present Member of Legislative Assembly, Kerala Legislature. Kasaragod assembly constituency is part of Kasaragod (Lok Sabha constituency). Indian National Congress [INC] member Rajmohan Unnithan is the present MP from Kasaragod [2019 Elections].[6]

Science and research[edit]

Kasaragod is home to the Central Plantation Crops Research Institute, originally established in 1916 as the Coconut Research Station. It is part of India's National Agricultural Research System under the Indian Council of Agricultural Research.[7] According to the Institute, Kerala "lies in the heart of the major coconut growing areas of the country." It is also home to the Indian Society for Plantation Crops, which publishes the Journal of Plantation Crops and holds symposiums on the subject.[8] The Central University of Kerala is also located in Kasargod(Periya hills).

Demographics[edit]

Kasaragod municipality had a population of 54,172 according to 2011 census report which constitutes 26,319 males and 27,853 females. The municipality is divided into 35 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. The female sex retio is 1058 against state average of 1084. The literacy rate of Kasaragod town is 94.76% higher than state average of 94%.[9]

Languages[edit]

Languages in Kasaragod taluk[10]
Language Speakers
Malayalam
70.47%
Tulu
16.23%
Kannada
6.7%
Marathi
2.75%
Konkani
2.59%
Urdu
0.83%
Others
0.43%
Distribution of languages
Source: 2011 Census

Image gallery[edit]

Climate[edit]

Kasaragod experiences a Tropical monsoon climate under the Köppen climate classification. It receives a generous 3,825 mm (150.6 in) of rain annually.

Climate data for Kasaragod, Kerala
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.4
(88.5)
31.5
(88.7)
32.2
(90.0)
32.7
(90.9)
32.2
(90.0)
29.3
(84.7)
28.2
(82.8)
28.4
(83.1)
28.8
(83.8)
30.0
(86.0)
31.0
(87.8)
31.5
(88.7)
30.6
(87.1)
Average low °C (°F) 21.7
(71.1)
22.8
(73.0)
24.3
(75.7)
25.9
(78.6)
25.7
(78.3)
23.9
(75.0)
23.4
(74.1)
23.6
(74.5)
23.5
(74.3)
23.8
(74.8)
23.1
(73.6)
22.0
(71.6)
23.6
(74.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1
(0.0)
1
(0.0)
5
(0.2)
55
(2.2)
262
(10.3)
1,002
(39.4)
1,190
(46.9)
647
(25.5)
338
(13.3)
229
(9.0)
77
(3.0)
18
(0.7)
3,825
(150.5)
Source: Climate-Data.org[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c S. Muhammad Hussain Nainar (1942). Tuhfat-al-Mujahidin: An Historical Work in The Arabic Language. University of Madras.
  2. ^ "The Kerala Official Language (Legislation) Act, 1969" (PDF).
  3. ^ "Kasaragod History". Government of Kerala. Archived from the original on 25 September 2008. Retrieved 11 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Draft Map" (PDF). keralaczma.gov.in. 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  5. ^ Sreedhara Menon, A. (2007). A Survey of Kerala History (2007 ed.). Kottayam: DC Books. ISBN 9788126415786.
  6. ^ "Kasaragod Parliament Constituency". Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 21 June 2008. Retrieved 18 October 2009.
  7. ^ "About Institute". CPCRI.in. Central Plantation Crops Research Institute. Retrieved 25 January 2016. The Coconut Research Station at Kasaragod in Kerala was initially established in 1916 by the then Government of Madras and subsequently it was taken over by the Indian Central Coconut Committee in 1948
  8. ^ "Indian Society for Plantation Crops". indsocplantationcrops.in. Indian Society for Plantation Crops. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  9. ^ etrace.in › Census › Town Kasaragod City Population Census 2011 Data- KERALA - Etrace.in
  10. ^ "Census of India - Language". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 17 April 2020.
  11. ^ "CLIMATE: KASARAGOD", Climate-Data.org. Web: [1].

External links[edit]