|Elevation||1,800 m (5,900 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Kasauli is a town and cantonment, located in the Solan district of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. The cantonment was established by the British Raj in 1842 as a Colonial hill station, 25 km (16 mi) from Solan, 77 km (48 mi) from Shimla, 58 km (36 mi) from Chandigarh, and 94 km (58 mi) from Ambala Cantt (Haryana), an important railway junction of North India.
Kasauli is a Cantonment Board city in the district of Solan, Himachal Pradesh. The Kasauli city is divided into 6 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. The Kasauli Cantonment Board has a population of 3,885, of which 2,183 are males and 1,702 are females, according to a report released by Census India 2011.
The population of children aged 0-6 is 406 which is 10.45% of the total population of Kasauli (CB). In Kasauli Cantonment Board, the Female Sex Ratio is 780 against the state average of 972. Moreover, the Child Sex Ratio in Kasauli is around 888 compared to the Himachal Pradesh state average of 909. The literacy rate of Kasauli City is 91.23% higher than the state average of 82.80%. In Kasauli, Male literacy is around 94.05% while female literacy rate is 87.56%.
Kasauli has a moderate climate. Winter temperature is approximately 2 degrees Celsius, the summer temperatures rarely exceed 32 degrees Celsius or more. The general wind direction is southwest to north-east. Total rainfall for the year is 1020 millimeters, with humidity at 90% in September and 28% in April. Sometimes snowfall is also there during early January and in winter is chilly, there are a couple of frosty nights. The minimum temperature recorded in Kasuli was -6 °C.
Central Research Institute
The Central Research Institute (CRI), originally the Pasteur Institute of India, was established at Kasauli in 1904 under its first director Sir David Semple, as an institute working in the fields of immunology and virological research.
The CRI works as a World Health Organization 'Collaborating Centre', and as an immuno-biological laboratory producing vaccines for measles and polio, and the DTP group of vaccines. It also provides a Master of Science program in Microbiology.
Kasauli Baptist Church is a 1923 brick and wood building, situated close to the Sadar Bazaar. According to The Indian Express it is "considered a unique example of colonial architecture of the British era". In 2008 the church was damaged by a fire which destroyed all the internal furnishings.
Christ Church was previously an Anglican church, inaugurated on 24 July 1853.
Christ Church Kasauli came into existence in 1844 when Dr. Daniel Wilson (the great Metropolitan Bishop of Calcutta) appointed the Rev MJ Jennings as chaplain to the new station Kasauli for the first time, who started worship services in a barrack as there was no church building.
At the end of October 1844 Dr. Wilson, the Bishop of Calcutta, paid his first visitation of Kasauli and on 26 October laid the foundation stone of the future Christ Church. On 24 July 1853, the shed of the church was completed and on that day the church was used for worship services for the first time.
In the 1880s the church tower was raised and the public clock was placed on it during the leadership of the Rev J.B. Brunesson by importing the same from W.H. Bailey & Co of Manchester, England. The total cost of this was Rs. 2612 and 11 annas towards which Rs. 1250 was given by the Government and the balance raised by public subscription. After remaining in hibernation for many decades, in 2015 the tower clock started ticking again with the wonderful efforts of a Good Samaritan from Chandigarh and the local EME workshop. The clock still works on mechanical gears and is now in the Limca Book of Records for being the oldest working tower turret clock in India. Link for the restoration story
Since 1970 it has been under the auspices of the Church of North India (CNI) in the diocese of Amritsar. The church contains Spanish and Italian imported stained glass windows depicting Christ, Mary, Saint Barnabas and Saint Francis.
Gurudwara Shri Guru Nanak Ji
The Kasauli Club was established by civilians and service personnel in 1880, as the Kasauli Reading and Assembly Rooms. It gained its present name in 1898 when a limited liability company and constitution were established; its first director was Sir David Semple of Kasauli's Pasteur Institute. At the time the club was for the exclusive use of the British Raj, and held social meetings, tea and dinner dances, and galas. In 1915 regimental officers at Dagshai, Solan and Subathu could be admitted as honorary members. At Independence in 1947, plans to sell the then loss-making Club failed.
The club was originally constructed of wood and plaster and was typical of hill architecture. In 2001, after a 2000 restoration, it was destroyed by fire, losing "elegant, old-world furniture, [and] precious and rare books". By 2005 it had been redesigned and rebuilt in stone, and plans were put forward for a new attached gymnasium.
The Nahri Temple, devoted to the Goddess Durga and Lord Shiva, is thought to have been constructed around hundred and fifty years ago. Also known as 'Jantar Mantar' and 'Choo Mantar Mahadev Temple', the temple is renowned for its festive celebration of Dushera and Shivratri. The temple boasts striking idols of the goddess Durga and Lord Shiva placed in the chamber of the temple. The temple is still in good condition and is visited by many people each year. It is a popular spot for prayers and festivals. Near this temple, there is century-old bauri which still offers sweet potable water. This temple is known to be visited by hundreds of pilgrims each year to present their prayers.
Hanuman Mandir (Manki Point)
Monkey Point is situated in the Air Force Station near the Lower Mall region about 4 km (2.5 mi) from the center of town. According to the Ramayana, when Lord Hanuman was returning from the Himalayas after acquiring the "Sanjivani Booty", one of his feet touched the hill; that's why the top of the hill is in the shape of a foot. On clear nights a view of Chandigarh can be seen from Monkey Point.
Beja State was one of the 18 Simla Hill States, situated just below Kasauli to the west and bordered by Mahlog, Patiala, Kuthar, and the Bharauli tract of Simla District around Sabathu. Beja included 45 villages, over an area of 13 km2 or 5 mi2 with 1,131 subjects.
The state of Mahlog was founded in 1183. Its original rulers were ruling earlier near Kalka when Mohamad Gauri attacked that area then they shifted to the Mahlog area. Initially, 193 villages were in its jurisdiction but later over 300 villages were included. It was one of the biggest Princely State of Simla Hill States under the British Raj.
- Braj Kumar Nehru, former Governor of Assam and Jammu and Kashmir, Ambassador of India to the United States (1961–1968) and Indian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom (1973–1977) was a former resident.
- Frank Blaker, Victoria Cross recipient, born in Kasauli
- Ram Prasad Bairagi, Freedom Fighter of 1857.
- Ruskin Bond – Anglo-Indian author, born in Kasauli
- Janet Chisholm – British MI6 agent during the Cold War, born in Kasauli
- Tisca Chopra, Indian film actress, born in Kasauli
- Nathuram Godse – assassin of Mahatma Gandhi, held in a Kasauli barrack during his trial
- Andy Mulligan – Irish rugby international, born in Kasauli
- Giles Radice, Baron Radice – resident of Kasauli, 1942–46
- Khushwant Singh - part-time resident of Kasauli and inspiration for the annual Kushwant Singh Literary Festival hosted in Kasauli since 2012.
- Sharma, Ambika; "Architecture of Kasauli churches"; The Tribune, Online edition, 2 March 2001. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- "Pasteur Institute of India, Kasauli". Nature. 146 (3688): 23. 1940. Bibcode:1940Natur.146Q..23.. doi:10.1038/146023a0.
- Kashyap, Arvind; "Kasauli church pastor suspects arson"; The Indian Express, 14 Nov 2008. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- "Fire breaks out in Kasauli Church, Pastor seeks probe"; Oneindia.in, 12 November 2008. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- Kasauli Churches Kasauliresort.com. Retrieved 9 May 2011
- Kasauli Gurudwara Archived 23 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine indiahimachalpradesh.com. Retrieved 9 May 2011
- Sharma, Ambika; "An exclusive retreat in the hills"; The Tribune, Online edition, 29 May 2005. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- "Rhythm and Blues festival ends with resolve to work for a cause", The Times of India, 9 April 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2012
- Kapoor, Jaskiran; "Music in the Mountains"; The Indian Express, 30 March 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- "Known graves of holders of The Victoria Cross - Frank Gerald Blaker", Victoriacross.org.uk. Retrieved 6 February 2014
- Walia, Rajan; "Museum planned in complex where Godse was jailed", The Times of India, 17 April 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2012
- "Lord Radice on mission total recall", The Times of India, 29 April 2004. Retrieved 7 July 2012
- "Writing on the Wall". The Indian Express. 15 October 2013. Retrieved 25 February 2016.