|4th Prime Minister of Algeria
Head of Government of Algeria
5 November 1988 – 5 September 1989
|Preceded by||Abdelhamid Brahimi (as Prime Minister)|
|Succeeded by||Mouloud Hamrouche|
April 16, 1938|
|Died||21 August 1993
Bordj El Bahri, Algiers
|Cause of death||Assassinated|
|Political party||National Liberation Front (Algeria)|
|Battles/wars||Algerian War, Algerian Civil War|
Kasdi Merbah (Arabic: قاصدي مرباح, 16 April 1938 – 21 August 1993) was an Algerian politician who served as Head of Government between 5 November 1988 and 9 September 1989 when he was a member of the National Liberation Front. He was assassinated on August 21, 1993.
During the 1970s and early 1980s, he was the head of the Sécurité Militaire, the Algerian state intelligence service. Before the 1988 October Riots he had served as Minister of Agriculture and then Minister of Public Health, and the following month he was appointed Prime Minister. However, during his tenure he had an increasingly fractitious relationship with President Chadli Bendjedid, and was removed from office in September 1989.
Public criticism of Bendjedid led to him becoming isolated within the FLN, and in October 1990 he left the party to form the Algerian Movement for Justice and Development, known by its acronym "MAJD", meaning "glory" in Arabic. However, the party failed to win a seat in the 1991 parliamentary elections, the results of which were annulled after a military coup. Merbah appeared to be a very moderate politician and tried (secretly and overtly) to help in finding a solution for the Algerian Civil War that followed the coup. A great number of analysts attribute his assassination to his past in the security services and the many state secrets he possessed, beside the apparent moderate posture he had adopted with regard to dealing with the Islamist movements, particularly the FIS who went for the armed option.
- Frank Tachau (1994) Political parties of the Middle East and North Africa, Greenwood Press, p45
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