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Smetlivy in the Red Sea in June 2003
|Builders:||61 Kommunara Zavod Nikolayev Yard, Zhdanov yard, Leningrad|
|Preceded by:||Kanin class|
|Succeeded by:||Sovremennyy class|
|Length:||144 m (472 ft)|
|Beam:||15.8 m (52 ft)|
|Draught:||4.6 m (15 ft)|
|Speed:||38 kn (70 km/h; 44 mph) (4 gas turbines on full power)|
|Range:||3,500 nmi (6,480 km; 4,030 mi) at 18 kn (33 km/h; 21 mph)|
|Complement:||266 to 320|
|Aircraft carried:||1 x helicopter (Rajput class only)|
|Aviation facilities:||Landing pad|
The Kashin-class destroyers were a group of guided missile destroyers built for the Soviet Navy in the 1960s and early 1970s. Their Soviet designation was Project 61. As of 2016[update], one ship is in service with the Russian Navy, and five modified ships are in service with the Indian Navy as Rajput-class destroyers.
In the Soviet Union they were officially classified as "guard ships" (storozhevoi korabl – SKR), then "large ASW ships" (BPK) or "large missile ships" (BRK), but in the rest of world they are commonly regarded as missile destroyers due to their size and armament. They were the first Soviet purpose-built anti-air warfare ships and the first to carry an ASW helicopter.
The design specification was approved in 1957; the first ship was laid down in 1959 and commissioned in 1962. Many new components were developed for these ships, including surface-to-air missiles, radars and gas turbine engines. The gas turbines were arranged in two separate spaces and could be removed via the funnels for servicing. These were also the first Soviet ships designed to be closed down for nuclear fallout and had an operations room deep inside the ship rather than a large bridge.
Six ships were modernised in the 1970s as the Project 61M or 61MP (Kashin-Mod), by being fitted with four SS-N-2C Styx anti-ship missiles, new towed-array sonar, a raised helipad and four close range AK-630 Gatling guns. The two RBU-1000 ASW rocket launchers were mounted aft, but later removed.
Smetlivy was modernised (mk01090) at Sevastopol in the early 1990s and fitted with new Kh-35 (SS-N-25 Switchblade, Harpoonski) anti-ship missiles and MNK-300 sonar. She is the only Kashin-class vessel currently active in the Russian Navy.
The Rajput-class modification built for Indian Navy has the after gun turret replaced by a hangar for a helicopter, as well as SS-N-2C anti-ship missiles on the sides of the bridge.
In all, twenty ships were built for the Soviet Navy, one ship (ORP Warszawa) was later transferred to Poland, while five similar ships were built to a modified design for the Indian Navy as the Rajput class.
|Komsomolets Ukrainy||Комсомолец Украины||Nikolayev||31 December 1960||31 December 1962||Decommissioned in 1991, scrapped in 1995|
|Soobrazitelny||Сообразительный||Nikolayev||25 September 1961||26 December 1963||Decommissioned in 1992, scrapped in 1994|
|Provorny||Проворный||Nikolayev||23 March 1962||25 October 1964||Decommissioned in 1990, scrapped in 1993||In 1974–1977 converted to experimental Project 61E, with Volna launchers removed and single SA-N-7 Uragan SAM launcher fitted.|
|Obraztsovy||Образцовый||Zhdanov||23 February 1964||29 September 1965||Decommissioned in 1993, scrapped in 1995|
|Odarenny||Одаренный||Zhdanov||11 September 1964||30 December 1965||Decommissioned in 1990, scrapped in 1991||Deployed in search for KAL 007 shot down in 1983.|
|Otvazhny||Отважный||Nikolayev||17 October 1964||31 December 1965||Sunk after a fire on 30 August 1974 caused by a misfiring missile, with 24 fatalities|
|Steregushchy||Стерегущий||Zhdanov||20 February 1966||21 December 1966||Decommissioned in 1993, scrapped in 1994|
|Krasny Kavkaz||Красный Кавказ||Nikolayev||9 February 1966||25 February 1967||Decommissioned in 1998, scrapped in 2000|
|Reshitelny||Решительный||Nikolayev||30 June 1966||30 December 1967||Decommissioned in 1989, scrapped in 1999|
|Strogiy||Строгий||Nikolayev||29 April 1967||24 December 1968||Decommissioned in 1993||The hull was sold to India, but on the way the ship sank near Singapore in 1995.|
|Smetlivy||Сметливый||Nikolayev||26 August 1967||25 September 1969||Modernized in the mid 1990s, in service with the Black Sea Fleet|
|Krasny Krym||Красный Крым||Nikolayev||28 February 1969||15 October 1970||Decommissioned in 1993, scrapped in 1996|
|Sposobny||Способный||Nikolayev||11 April 1970||25 September 1971||Decommissioned in 1993, scrapped in 1995|
|Skory||Скорый||Nikolayev||26 February 1971||29 September 1972||Decommissioned in 1997, scrapped in 1998|
|Ognevoy||Огневой||Zhdanov||31 1963||31 December 1964||Decommissioned in 1989, scrapped in 1990 (Project 61MP)|
|Slavny||Славный||Zhdanov||24 April 1965||30 September 1966||Decommissioned in 1991, scrapped in 1995 (Project 61MP)|
|Stroyny||Стройный||Nikolayev||28 July 1965||15 December 1966||Decommissioned in 1990, scrapped in 1994 (Project 61MP)|
|Smyshleny||Смышленый||Nikolayev||22 October 1966||27 September 1968||Decommissioned in 1993, scrapped in 1994 (Project 61MP)|
|Smely||Смелый||Nikolayev||6 February 1968||27 December 1969||Decommissioned in 1988||The ship was leased to Poland as ORP Warszawa (Project 61MP) in 1988.
Bought by Poland in 1992 or 1993 and decommissioned in 2003.
|Sderzhanny||Сдержанный||Nikolayev||25 February 1972||30 December 1973||Decommissioned in 2001, scrapped in 2002 (Project 61M)|
- ORP Warszawa – ("Warsaw") – ex-Smely commissioned 9 January 1988, decommissioned 5 December 2003 to the reserve and scrapped in 2005.
- Rajput class (Project 61ME), all were built by 61 Kommunara yard, Nikolayev
- "Project 61 Kashin class Project 61 Kashin Mod class Guided Missile Destroyer". fas.org. Retrieved 11 November 2015.
- Gardiner, Robert; Chumbley, Stephen; Budzbon, Przemysław, eds. (1995). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947–1995. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-132-7.
- V.V. Kostrichenko, A.A Prostokishin (В.В.Костриченко, А.А.Простокишин): "Poyushchiye fryegaty". Bolshiye protivolodochniye korabli proyekta 61 («Поющие фрегаты» Большие противолодочные корабли проекта 61), Morskaya Kollektsya 1/1999
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