Kashipur (community development block)

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Kashipur
কাশীপুর
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Kashipur is located in West Bengal
Kashipur
Kashipur
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°26′00″N 86°40′00″E / 23.43333°N 86.66667°E / 23.43333; 86.66667
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Purulia
Parliamentary constituency Purulia
Assembly constituency Kashipur
Area
 • Total 451.31 km2 (174.25 sq mi)
Elevation 190 m (620 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 200,083
 • Density 440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 723132 (Panchakotraj)
723121 (Adra)
723168 (Manihara)
Telephone/STD code 03251
Vehicle registration WB-55, WB-56
Literacy Rate 71.06 per cent
Website http://purulia.gov.in/

Kashipur is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Raghunathpur subdivision of Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

Background[edit]

The Jaina Bhagavati-Sutra of 5th century AD mentions that Purulia was one of the sixteen mahajanapadas and was a part of the kingdom known as Vajra-bhumi in ancient times. In 1833, Manbhum district was carved out of Jungle Mahals district, with headquarters at Manbazar. In 1838, the headquarters was transferred to Purulia. In 1956, Manbhum district was partitioned between Bihar and West Bengal under the States Reorganization Act and the Bihar and West Bengal (Transfer of Territories) Act 1956.[1]

Geography[edit]

Kashipur is located at 23°26′N 86°40′E / 23.43°N 86.67°E / 23.43; 86.67.

Kashipur CD Block is bounded by Raghunathpur I and Santuri CD Blocks on the north, Chhatna CD Block, in Bankura district, on the east, Hura CD Block on the south and a part of the west, and Para CD Block on the west.[2][3]

It is located 38 km from Purulia, the district headquarters.[2]

Kashipur CD Block has an area of 451.31 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 13 gram panchayats, 137 gram sansads (village councils), 211 mouzas, 98 inhabited villages and 3 census towns. Kashipur and Adra police stations serve this block.[4] Headquarters of this CD Block are at Kalloli.[5]

Gram panchayats of Kashipur block/panchayat samiti are: Agardih-Chitra, Barrah, Beko, Gagnabaid, Gourandih, Hadalda-Upprah, Kalidaha, Kashipur, Monihara, Rangamati-Ranjandih, Simla-Dhanara, Sonajuri and Sonathali.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Kashipur CD Block had a total population of 200,083, of which 174,325 were rural and 25,758 were urban. There were 101,801 (51%) males and 98,282 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 23,737. Scheduled Castes numbered 57,015 (28.50%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 49,537 (24.76%). [7]

As per 2001 census, Kashipur block had a total population of 186,980, out of which 95,259 were males and 91,721 were females. Kashipur block registered a population growth of 11.75 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Purulia district was 13.96 per cent.[8] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[9]

Census Towns in Kashipur CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Kantarangpuri (5,435), Adra (14,956) and Lapara (5,367).[7]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Kashipur CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Palaskola (4,119).[7]

Other villages in Kashipur CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Kashipur (2,369), Uparra (1,836), Rangamatia (1,316), Barra (2,620), Sonajuri (2,624), Beko (3,149), Gagnabad (2,628), Kalidaha (2,110), Simla (2,530), Dhanera (1,165), Agardi (1,063), Sonathol (1,586), Manihara (3,104) and Gourangadih (2,246).[7]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Kashipur CD Block was 125,307 (71.06% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 74,149 (82.83% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 51,128 (58.91%) of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 23.92%.[7]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religions[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[2]

There is a tribal presence in many of the CD Blocks of the district. Santali was spoken by around 14% of the population of the earlier Manbhum district. Some people also speak Mundari or Kolarian languages such as Kurmali, Mundari and the languages of the Bhumij or Mahli.[10]

Religion in Kashipur CD Block
Hindu
  
85.71%
Muslim
  
5.16%
Christian
  
0.42%
Others
  
8.71%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 171,510 and formed 85.71% of the population in Kashipur CD Block. Muslims numbered 10,315 and formed 5.16% of the population. Christians numbered 840 and formed 0.42% of the population. Others numbered 17,418 and formed 8.71% of the population.[11] Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[12] and other religious communities.[11]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

199 mouzas in Kashipur CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[13]

Agriculture[edit]

In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Kashipur CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 0.96%, patta (document) holders 15.97%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 4.74%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 25.96% and agricultural labourers 52.37%.[13]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Kashipur CD Block was 9,001.30 hectares, out of which 2,367.40 hectares by canal water, 4,435.92 hectares by tank water, 44.68 hectares by river lift irrigation, 228.60 hectares by open dug wells and 1,924.70 hectares by other means.[13]

In 2013-14, Kashipur CD Block produced 48,385 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 22,061 hectares, 25 tonnes of Boro paddy from 12 hectares, 25 tonnes of wheat from 17 hectares. It also produced maize, mustard, til and potatoes.[13]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Kashipur CD Block had offices of 7 commercial banks and 3 gramin banks.[13]

Transport[edit]

In 2013-14, Kashipur CD Block had 5 originating/ terminating bus routes.[13]

The Asansol-Adra line of South Eastern Railway terminates in this CD Block at a major junction station at Adra with connections to Kharagpur, Purulia and Gomoh.[14]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Kashipur CD Block had 231 primary schools with 19,104 students, 40 middle schools with 2,203 students, 8 high schools with 4,991 students and 17 higher secondary schools with 17,986 students. Kashipur CD Block had 1 general college with 1,521 students and 587 institutions with 9,197 students for special and non-formal education.[13]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Kashipur CD Block had 1 block primary health centre, 4 primary health centres and 1 central government medical facility, with total 256 beds and 13 doctors. 9,970 patients were treated indoor and 296,525 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historical background". Purulia District. Archived from the original on 2008-01-03. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  2. ^ a b c "Kashipur Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  3. ^ "Purulia district". Blocks in Purulia district. Purulia district administration. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purulia". Tables 2.1, 2.2,. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook: Puruliya" (PDF). Map of District Puruliya with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 December 2016. 
  6. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Paschim Medinipur - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  8. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Puruliya District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  9. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  10. ^ "Bengal District Gazetteers - Manbhum by H. Coupland, ICS". Section 72, First Published 1911. University of California, San Diego. Retrieved 27 September 2016. 
  11. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  12. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purulia". Tables 8.2, 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 6 December 2016. 
  14. ^ "Asansol-Kharagpur Passenger 58018". indiarailinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2016.