Kashmir division

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Kashmir division
Kashmir division (bordered orange) shown within the wider Kashmir region
Kashmir division (bordered orange) shown within the wider Kashmir region
CountryIndia
Union territoryJammu and Kashmir
DistrictsAnantnag, Baramulla, Budgam, Bandipore, Ganderbal, Kupwara, Kulgam, Pulwama, Shopian and Srinagar.
CapitalSrinagar
Historical divisions
List
  • Kamraz (North Kashmir)[1]
  • Yamraz (Central Kashmir)[1]
  • Maraz (South Kashmir)[1]
Government
 • TypeDivision
 • Divisional CommissionerPandurang Kondbarao Pole
Area
 • Total15,948 km2 (6,158 sq mi)
Dimensions
 • Length135[2] km (83.885 mi)
 • Width32[2] km (19.884 mi)
Elevation
1,620[2] m (5,314 ft)
Population
 (2011[3])
 • Total6,888,475[3]
 • Density431.93/km2 (1,118.7/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Kashmiris, Koshur
Ethnicity and language
 • LanguagesKashmiri, Urdu, Hindi,[4] English,[5] Pahari-Pothwari, Gojri, Shina[6]
 • Ethnic groupsKashmiri, Pahari, Gujar, Shina
 • Religion (2011[7])96.41% Islam,
2.45% Hinduism,
0.81% Sikhism,
0.17% Christianity
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationJK
Highest peakMachoi Peak (5458 metres)
Largest lakeWular lake(260 km2 (100 sq mi))[8]
Longest riverJhelum river(725 kilometres)[9]
Websitehttp://kashmirdivision.nic.in/

The Kashmir division is a revenue and administrative division mostly constituting of the Kashmir Valley of Jammu and Kashmir. It borders Jammu Division to the south and the union territory of Ladakh to the east, while the Line of Control forms its boundary with the Pakistani-administered territories of Gilgit−Baltistan and Azad Jammu and Kashmir to the north and west.

Srinagar is its main city and also the summer capital of the Jammu and Kashmir. Other main cities are Anantnag, Baramulla, Sopore and Pulwama.

Districts[edit]

The Indian administrative districts for the Kashmir Valley were reorganised in 1968,[10] and 2006,[11] each time subdividing existing districts. Kashmir Division currently consists of the following ten districts:

Name of
district
HQ Area Population[12]
Total
(km2)
Total
(sq mile)
Rural
(km2)
Urban
(km2)
2001
census
2011
census
Anantnag Anantnag 3,574 1,380 3,475.8 98.2 [13] 778,408 1,078,692
Kulgam Kulgam 410 158 360.2 49.8 [14] 394,026 424,483
Pulwama Pulwama 1,086 419 1,047.5 38.6 [15] 441,275 560,440
Shopian Shopian 312 120 306.6 5.4 [16] 211,332 266,215
Budgam Budgam 1,361 525 1,312.0 49.1 [17] 607,181 753,745
Srinagar Srinagar 1,979 764 1,684.4 294.5 [18] 1,027,670 1,236,829
Ganderbal Ganderbal 259 100 233.6 25.4 [19] 217,907 297,446
Bandipore Bandipore 345 133 295.4 49.6 [20] 304,886 392,232
Baramulla Baramulla 4,243 1,638 4,179.4 63.6 [21] 843,892 1,008,039
Kupwara Kupwara 2,379 919 2,331.7 47.3 [22] 650,393 870,354
Total 15,948 6,158 15,226.4 721.5 5,476,970 6,888,475

Demographics[edit]

Religion[edit]

Religions in Kashmir Division (2011)[23]

  Islam (96.41%)
  Hinduism (2.45%)
  Sikhism (0.81%)
  Christianity (0.17%)
  Others (0.02%)
  Not Stated (0.14%)

The Kashmir division is largely Muslim (96.41%) with a small Hindu (2.45%) and Sikh (0.81%) population.[23] Among Muslims, about 10% are Shias, remaining being Sunni. Majority of the population is made up of ethnic Kashmiris, with a significant minority of Gujjars and Bakarwals.

See also[edit]

Language[edit]

Kashmir division: mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Census.[24]

  Kashmiri (85.50%)
  Gojri (6.27%)
  Pahari (3.86%)
  Hindi (1.36%)
  Others (3.01%)

The majority of the population speaks Kashmiri (85.50%), while the remainder speaks either Gujari, Pahari or Hindi.[12]

Urdu is also widely understood as a literary language in Kashmir due to it being a medium of instruction in schools.[10][12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Spoken Kashmiri: A Language Course". Archived from the original on 29 November 2016. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "Vale of Kashmir | valley, India". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 4 August 2016. Retrieved 2016-07-08.
  3. ^ a b "Demography of Jammu and Kashmir State". J&K; Envis Centre, Department of Ecology Environment and Remote Sensing J&K. Archived from the original on 22 February 2018. Retrieved 18 December 2016.
    This used the Digest of Statistics, 2011-12 for its data source.
  4. ^ "The Jammu and Kashmir Official Languages Act, 2020" (PDF). The Gazette of India. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  5. ^ "Parliament passes JK Official Languages Bill, 2020". Rising Kashmir. 23 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  6. ^ Shina, bolbosh
  7. ^ "Religion Data of Census 2011: XV Jammu and Kashmir", Centre for Policy Studies, India, Chennai and Delhi, 29 February 2016, archived from the original on 24 January 2021, retrieved 6 March 2021
  8. ^ "Wular Lake | lake, India". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
  9. ^ "Jhelum River | river, Asia". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
  10. ^ a b Behera, Navnita Chadha (2006). Demystifying Kashmir. Pearson Education India. p. 28. ISBN 978-8131708460.
  11. ^ "Jammu and Kashmir to have eight new districts". Indo-Asian News Service. 6 July 2006.
  12. ^ a b c Census of India 2011, Provisional Population Totals Paper 1 of 2011 : Jammu & Kashmir. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India (Report).
    Annexure V, Ranking of Districts by Population Size, 2001 - 2011 (Report).
  13. ^ District Census Handbook Anantnag, Part A (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). July 2016. p. 9. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    District Census Handbook Anantnag, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). July 2016. pp. 12, 22. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  14. ^ District Census Handbook Kulgam, Part A (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). July 2016. p. 10. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    District Census Handbook Kulgam, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. pp. 12, 22. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    Part B page 12 says the area of the district is 404 km2, but page 22 says 410 km2.
  15. ^ District Census Handbook Pulwama, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. pp. 12, 22. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  16. ^ District Census Handbook Shupiyan, Part A (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. p. 10. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    District Census Handbook Shupiyan, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. pp. 12, 22. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    Part B pages 12 and 22 say the district area is 312.00 km2, but Part A page 10 says 307.42 km2.
  17. ^ District Census Handbook Badgam, Part A (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). July 2016. pp. 10, 46. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    District Census Handbook Badgam, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. pp. 11, 12, 22. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    Part A says the district area is 1371 km2, Part B says 1371 km2 (page 11) and 1361 km2 (page 12s and 22).
  18. ^ District Census Handbook Srinagar, Part A (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). July 2016. pp. 11, 48. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    Part A page 48 says the district area was 2228.0 km2 in 2001 and 1978.95 km2 in 2011.
  19. ^ District Census Handbook Ganderbal, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). July 2016. pp. 11, 12 and 22. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    Part B page 11 says the district area is 393.04 km2, but pages 12 and 22 say 259.00 km2.
  20. ^ District Census Handbook Bandipora, Part A (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). July 2016. pp. 10, 47. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    District Census Handbook Bandipora, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. pp. 11, 20. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  21. ^ District Census Handbook Baramulla, Part A (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). July 2016. p. 11. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    District Census Handbook Baramulla, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. p. 22. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  22. ^ District Census Handbook Kupwara, Part A (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). July 2016. p. 7. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    District Census Handbook Kupwara, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. pp. 11, 12. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  23. ^ a b "Population by religion community – 2011". Census of India, 2011. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 25 August 2015.
  24. ^ C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Jammu & Kashmir (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 July 2020.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°02′00″N 74°40′00″E / 34.0333°N 74.6667°E / 34.0333; 74.6667