Kashmiri cuisine

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Shufta, a Kashmiri dessert, at Matamaal, New Delhi's first Kashmiri pandit restaurant.[1] One of the main differences between Kashmiri pandit and Kashmiri Muslim food is the use onion and garlic.[2]

Kashmiri cuisine is the cuisine of the Kashmir Valley in the Indian subcontinent. Rice is the staple food of Kashmiris and has been so since ancient times.[3] Meat, along with rice, is the most popular food item in Kashmir. Meat, along with rice, some vegetables and salad are prepared on special occasions like Eid only.[4] Kashmiris consume meat voraciously.[5] Despite being Brahmin, most Kashmiri Hindus are meat eaters.[6]

Kashmiri cuisine[edit]

Some noted Kashmiri dishes include:

  • "Tabakhmaaz" (Kashmiri Hindus commonly refer to this dish as Qabargah)
  • Shab Deg: dish cooked with turnip and meat, left to simmer overnight.[7]
  • Dum Olav/Dum Aloo: cooked with ginger powder, fennel and other hot spices.
  • Aab Gosh.
  • Goshtabeh[8] minced mutton balls with spices in yogurt gravy.
  • Lyader Tschaman.
  • Ruwangan Tschaman, Cottage cheese in tomato gravy.
  • Riste, meat balls in curry.
  • Nader ti Gaad, Fish cooked with lotus stem, a delicacy cooked on festival days like Eid, Navroze and Gaadi Batti ( Festival of Kashmiri Pandits ).
  • Marchwangan Kormeh, meat cooked with spices and yogurt and mostly using Kashmiri red chillies and hot in taste.
  • Matschgand, lamb meatballs in a gravy tempered with red chillies.
  • Waazeh Polav.
  • Monje Haakh, kholrabi being a delicacy.
  • Haakh (wosteh haakh, heanz haakh among others) collard greens is enjoyed by Kashmiri people and they have their own versions of cooking the same with cottage cheese, mutton or chicken.
  • Mujh Gaad, a dish of radishes with a choice of fish.
  • Danival Kormeh Lamb cooked with coriander or parsley.
  • Rogan Josh, a lamb based dish, cooked in a gravy seasoned with liberal amounts of Kashmiri chillies (in the form of a dry powder), ginger (also powdered), garlic, onions or asafoetida , gravy is mainly Kashmiri spices and mustard oil based.
  • Yakhein, a yoghurt-based mutton gravy without turmeric or chilli powder. The dish is primarily flavoured with bay leaves, cloves and cardamom seeds. This is a mild, subtle dish eaten with rice often accompanied with a more spicy side dish.
  • Harissa is a popular meat preparation made for breakfast, it is slow cooked for many hours, with spices and hand stirred.

Other Baked foods[edit]

The Kashmir Valley is noted for its bakery tradition. On the Dal Lake in Kashmir or in downtown Srinagar, bakery shops are elaborately laid out. Bakers sell various kinds of breads with golden brown crusts topped with sesame and poppy seeds. Tsot and tsochvor are small round breads topped with poppy and sesame seeds, which are crisp and flaky, sheermal, baqerkhayn (puff pastry), lavas (unleavened bread) and kulcha are also popular. Girdas and lavas are served with butter.

Kashmiri bakerkhani has a special place in Kashmiri cuisine. It is similar to a round naan in appearance, but crisp and layered, and sprinkled with sesame seeds.[9] It is typically consumed hot during breakfast.[10]


Complete Wazwan on one Platter (or Majma). This is usually presented to the would-be in-laws before/ on the day of the marriage.
Wazwan (Kashmiri: وازٕوان [waːzɨwaːn]) is a multi-course meal in Kashmiri cuisine, the preparation of which is considered as an art and a point of pride in Kashmiri culture and identity. Almost all the dishes are meat-based using lamb or chicken with few vegetarian dishes. It is popular throughout the Kashmir. Moreover, Wazwan is also served internationally at Kashmiri food festivals and reunions.[11]


Noon Chai or[edit]

Sheer Chai[edit]

Kashmiris are heavy tea drinkers. Kashmiris don't use the word "Kashmiri Chai". The word "Noon" in Kashmiri means salt. The most popular drink is a pinkish colored salted tea called "noon chai."[12] It is made with black tea, milk, salt and bicarbonate of soda. The particular color of the tea is a result of its unique method of preparation and the addition of soda. The Kashmiri Hindus more commonly refer to this chai as "Sheer Chai." The Kashmiri Muslims refer to it as "Noon Chai" or "Namkeen Chai", both meaning salty tea.

Noon Chai or Sheer Chai is a common breakfast tea in Kashmiri households and is taken with breads like baqerkhani brought fresh from Qandur (Kashmiri : کاندُر ) or bakers. It is one of the most basic and essential food items in a Kashmiri household. Tea was as served in large samavars. Now, the use of Samavars is limited to special occasions and normally kettles are used.


At marriage feasts, festivals, and religious places, it is customary to serve kahwah – a green tea made with saffron, spices, and almonds or walnuts. Over 20 varieties of Kahwah are prepared in different households. Some people also put milk in kahwah (half milk and half kahwah). This chai is also known as "Maugal Chai" by some Kashmiri Hindus from the smaller villages of Kashmir. Kashmiri Muslims and Kashmiri Hindus from the cities of Kashmir refer to it as Kahwah or Qahwah.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ David, Shantanu (26 April 2020). "First Kashmiri pandit restaurant in Delhi, 'Matamaal'". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  2. ^ Chaudhary, Arushi (2 November 2019). "Memories of a paradise lost". Tribuneindia News Service. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  3. ^ Bamzai, Prithivi Nath Kaul (1994). Culture and Political History of Kashmir. M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd. p. 243. ISBN 9788185880310. Rice was, as now, the staple food of Kashmiris in ancient times.
  4. ^ Kaw, M.K. (2004). Kashmir and Its People: Studies in the Evolution of Kashmiri Society. APH Publishing. p. 98. ISBN 9788176485371. But perhaps the most popular items of the Kashmiri cuisine were meat and rice.
  5. ^ Press, Epilogue. Epilogue, Vol 3, issue 9. Epilogue -Jammu Kashmir. Since Kashmiris consume meat voraciously and statistics reveals that on an average 3.5 million sheep and goat are slaughtered annually for our consumption, the skin can be utilised for production.
  6. ^ Dar, P Krishna (2000). Kashmiri Cooking. Penguin UK. ISBN 9789351181699. Though Brahmins, Kashmiri Pandits have generally been great meat eaters.
  7. ^ "Kashmiri Meat Shabdeg - khanaPakana.com". www.khanapakana.com.
  8. ^ "Goshtaba Recipe: How to Make Goshtaba Recipe | Homemade Goshtaba Recipe". recipes.timesofindia.com.
  9. ^ "Culture of Anantnag". District Anantnag J&K. Archived from the original on 19 June 2009.
  10. ^ "Kashmir has special confectionary". Thaindian.com. 13 March 2008. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
  11. ^ "Wazwan Information".
  12. ^ "Shier Chay". Archived from the original on 21 May 2012.

Further reading[edit]

  • "Chor Bizarre". Wazwan. Archived from the original on 23 December 2005. Retrieved 16 December 2005.
  • "Kashmiri Cuisine". Kashmiri Cuisine- food and recipes:Mumbai/Bombay pages. 9 September 2000. Retrieved 16 December 2005.