Kashmirosaurus

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Kashmirosaurus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Order: Temnospondyli
Family: Archegosauridae
Subfamily: Melosaurinae
Genus: Kashmirosaurus
Werneburg and Schneider, 1996
Type species
Kashmirosaurus ornatus
(Woodward, 1905 [originally Archegosaurus ornatus])
Synonyms
  • Archegosaurus kashmiriensis Tewari, 1960

Kashmirosaurus is an extinct genus of temnospondyl amphibian known from Permo-Carboniferous deposits in the region of Kashmir.[1] It was originally named by English paleontologist Arthur Smith Woodward in 1905 as a species of Archegosaurus called Archegosaurus ornatus. More recently, the species has been recognized as being distinct from Archegosaurus, and it was placed in its own genus Kashmirosaurus in 1996. An additional species of Archegosaurus, A. kashmiriensis, was named in 1960 from the same deposits in Kashmir, and is now considered synonymous with Kashmirosaurus ornatus.[2]

Phylogeny[edit]

Below is a cladogram modified from Ruta et al. (2007) showing the relationship of Kashmirosaurus to other archegosauroids:[3]

Archegosauroidea 

Sclerocephalus haeuseri

Syndyodosuchus tetricus

Cheliderpeton vrayni

Cheliderpeton latirostre

Intasuchus silvicola

Melosaurinae

Konzhukovia vetusta

Tryphosuchus paucidens

Koinia silantjevi

Melosaurus uralensis

Uralosuchus tverdochlebovae

Archegosaurus dyscriton

Archegosaurus decheni

Collidosuchus tchudinovi

Kashmirosaurus ornatus

Australerpeton cosgriffi

Bashkirosaurus cherdyncevi

Platyoposaurus stuckenbergi

Prionosuchus plummeri

References[edit]

  1. ^ Milner, A.S. (1978). "A reappraisal of the Early Permian amphibians Memonomemos dyscriton and Cricotillus brachydens" (PDF). Palaeontology. 21 (3): 667–686.
  2. ^ Witzmann, F. (2007). "Cranial morphology and ontogeny of the Permo-Carboniferous temnospondyl Archegosaurus decheni Goldfuss, 1847 from the Saar–Nahe Basin, Germany". Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences. 96 (2). doi:10.1017/S0263593300001279.
  3. ^ Ruta, Marcello; Pisani, Davide; Lloyd, Graeme T; Benton, Michael J (2007). "A supertree of Temnospondyli: Cladogenetic patterns in the most species-rich group of early tetrapods". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 274 (1629): 3087–3095. doi:10.1098/rspb.2007.1250. PMC 2293949. PMID 17925278.