Kashubian alphabet

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The earlier version of Kashubian alphabet, which dates back to 1850
Kashubian keyboard layout [1]

The Kashubian or Cassubian alphabet (kaszëbsczi alfabét, kaszëbsczé abecadło) is the script of the Kashubian language, based on the Latin alphabet. The Kashubian alphabet consists of 34 letters:

A, Ą, Ã, B, C, D, E, É, Ë, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, Ł, M, N, Ń, O, Ò, Ó, Ô, P, R, S, T, U, Ù, W, Y, Z, Ż

The Kashubian language also use some digraphs: ch, cz, dz, , rz and sz. The digraphs cz, , sz, ż are pronounced in a different manner from their Polish counterparts – they are palato-alveolar, not retroflex – but "rz" is pronounced exactly the same as in Polish.


Upper case Lower case Name of letters [2] Pronunciation
A a a [a]
Ą ą ą [õ], [ũ]
à ã ã [ã]

[ɛ̃] (Puck County, Wejherowo County)

B b [b]
C c [ts]
D d [d]
E e e [ɛ]
É é é [e]

[ɨj] in some dialects [i]/[ɨ] from Puck to Kartuzy [ɨ] at the end of a word

Ë ë szwa [ə]
F f éf [f]
G g [ɡ]
H h ha [x]
I I i [i]
J j jot [j]
K k ka [k]
L l él [l]
Ł ł éł [w]
M m ém [m]
N n én [n]
Ń ń éń [ɲ]


O o o [ɔ]
Ò ò ò [wɛ]
Ó ó ó [o]

[u] (southern dialects)

Ô ô ô ɞ

[ɛ] (western dialects) [ɔ] (Wejherowo County) [o]/[u] (southern dialects)

P p [p]
R r ér [r]
S s és [s]
T t [t]
U u u [u]
Ù ù ù [wʉ]
W w [v]
Y y igrek [i]
Z z zet [z]
Ż ż żet [ʒ]

Consonants combination[edit]

Upper case Lower case Pronunciation
Ch ch [x]
Cz cz [tʃ]
Dz dz [dz]
Rz rz [ʐ]
Sz sz [ʃ]


  • Eugeniusz Gòłąbk: Wkôzë kaszëbsczégò pisënkù. Oficyna Czec, Gduńsk 1997, p. 25 ISBN 83-87408-02-6.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]