Kasmar block

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Kasmar
Community development block
Kasmar is located in Jharkhand
Kasmar
Kasmar
Kasmar is located in India
Kasmar
Kasmar
Location in Jharkhand, India
Coordinates: 23°36′44″N 85°56′6″E / 23.61222°N 85.93500°E / 23.61222; 85.93500Coordinates: 23°36′44″N 85°56′6″E / 23.61222°N 85.93500°E / 23.61222; 85.93500
Country  India
State Jharkhand
District Bokaro
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 195.3 km2 (75.4 sq mi)
Elevation 247 m (810 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 89,974
 • Density 460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Santali
Literacy (2011)
 • Total literates 50,366 (65.33%)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 827302 (Kasmar)
Telephone/STD code 06549
Vehicle registration JH-09
Lok Sabha constituency Giridih
Vidhan Sabha constituency Gomia ?
Website bokaro.nic.in
CD Block

Kasmar is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Bermo subdivision of Bokaro district, Jharkhand state, India. It is located 30 km from Bokaro Steel City, the district headquarters,

Etymology[edit]

The origin of the famous 'Garga' river of Bokaro is from 'Kalaundi Baandh' of Kasmar. The history of the name Kasmar and Garga is as follows : The famous Garg Rishi (saint) used to stay here in his Ashrama. And the river Garga was originated by himself with the grace of god. It was the time when the whole country was fed up of the oppression of the notorious king Kansa (maternal uncle of Shri Krishna, a Hindu deity) of Mathura during the time of Mahabharata war. So the great Maharishi Garg decided to perform sacrifice yajna in order to kill Kansa. Due to that the name of the place became Kansmar (to kill 'Kansa'). But as the time passed the name of the place became 'Kasmar' from 'Kansmar'.

Geography[edit]

Kasmar is located at 23°36′44″N 85°56′6″E / 23.61222°N 85.93500°E / 23.61222; 85.93500.[1]

Kasmar CD Block has an area of 195.3 km2 and has 15 panchayats and 68 villages.[2]

Demographics[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India, Kasmar CD Block had a total population of 89,974, all of which were rural. There were 45,947 males and 44,027 females. Scheduled Castes numbered 9,817 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 13,543. Population below 6 years was 12,883.[3]

A farmer sowing rice paddy in a field in Kasmar block.

Farming is the main occupation of the people of this area. A large amount of land is un-irrigated and hence fully depends on Monsoon and rainwater throughout the year. Many farmers however irrigate their fields by using water from well or ponds nearby.

Kasmar village had a population of 2,867 in 2011.[3]

Hindi is the local language in the Kasmar area. Santali is also spoken in the region.[4] Khairachatar is the most developed sub town in this block.

Literacy[edit]

As of 2011 census, the total number of literates in Kasmar CD Block was 50,366 (65.33% of the population above 6 years) out of which 30,343 were males and 20,023 were females.[3]

As of 2011 census, literacy in Bokaro district was 72.01[5] Literacy in Jharkhand (for population over 7 years) was 66.41% in 2011.[6] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kasmar Block and the residential colony of its staff". Jharkhand. Wikimapia. Retrieved 5 December 2015. 
  2. ^ "District Profile". Block wise statictical information. Bokaro district administration. Retrieved 5 December 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c "2011 Census C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". Jharkhand – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 5 December 2015.  line feed character in |publisher= at position 11 (help)
  4. ^ "Kasmar Block". Onefivenine. Retrieved 5 December 2015. 
  5. ^ "District Census 2011". Population Census 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2016. 
  6. ^ "Jharkhand Profile" (PDF). Census Info India 2011 – Final population totals. Census Commissioner, Government of India. Retrieved 4 January 2016. 
  7. ^ "Literacy in India". Census 2011. Census population 2015 data. Retrieved 4 January 2016.