From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Каспийск (Russian)
-  City  -
Г. Каспийск.png
City of Kaspiysk
Map of Russia - Republic of Dagestan (2008-03).svg
Location of the Republic of Dagestan in Russia
Kaspiysk is located in Republic of Dagestan
Location of Kaspiysk in the Republic of Dagestan
Gerb kaspiska.gif
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of April 2006)
Country Russia
Federal subject Republic of Dagestan
Administratively subordinated to City of Kaspiysk[1]
Administrative center of City of Kaspiysk[1]
Municipal status (as of November 2006)
Urban okrug Kaspiysk Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Kaspiysk Urban Okrug[2]
Representative body Assembly of Deputies[3]
Area 32.94 km2 (12.72 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 100,129 inhabitants[5]
Rank in 2010 163rd
Density 3,040/km2 (7,900/sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
Founded 1932[citation needed]
City status since 1947[citation needed]
Previous names Dvigatelstroy (until 1947)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[8] 87246
Kaspiysk on Wikimedia Commons

Kaspiysk (Russian: Каспи́йск; Lak: Ккасппи; Dargin; Lezgian; Avar: Каспийск) is a city in the Republic of Dagestan, Russia, located on the Caspian Sea, 18 kilometers (11 mi) southeast of Makhachkala. The 2010 Russian census recorded the city as being the fourth-largest in Dagestan. It is a working-class satellite-city to Makhachkala.


The city is one of the newer urban centers in Dagestan. It began in 1932 as a worker's encampment, servicing the needs of the nearby naval diesel engine manufacturer, Dagdizel (ru). At the time, it was called Dvigatelstroy (Дви́гательстро́й), based upon the Russian word for "engine". During World War II, the site saw much growth due to the war effort, and became a center for major arms producers. In 1947, the settlement received the status of a city, and was given its current name, reflecting its location on the shores of the Caspian Sea.

Chechen Wars[edit]

On November 16, 1996, 68 people were killed in a Chechen bomb attack targeting a military building.[9]

On May 9, 2002, 43 people were killed in Chechen bomb attack on a Victory Day parade.[10]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as the City of Kaspiysk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the City of Kaspiysk is incorporated as Kaspiysk Urban Okrug.[2]


Population: 100,129 (2010 Census);[5] 77,650 (2002 Census);[11] 60,069 (1989 Census);[12] 43,000 (1972).

Ethnic groups (2002 census):[13]



Islam is the majority faith in the city, which is home to about ten mosques.

Russian Orthodox[edit]

The city belongs to the diocese of Makhachkala. Kaspiysk parish was formed in 1990 with the blessings of the Metropolitan of Stavropol and Baku, and was officially registered in 1994. In 2000, the community consecrated St. Kazan church (ru).

Seventh Day Adventists[edit]

In 2010, the Seventh Day Adventists dedicated a house of worship in the city. It became the target of two explosives attacks within two months.


The city is home to:

  • Dagdizel machine-building factory, founded in 1932. It produces diesel engines, electric motors, torpedoes, and other products for the Russian Navy.
  • JSC Caspian Sea precision mechanics - machine-building factory, founded in 1960. It manufactures maritime navigation equipment for military and commercial use.
  • a brick factory
  • a stone processing factory.

At the North side of the city is a seaport.


The city hosts the Anzhi Arena stadium, home to the FC Anzhi Makhachkala Russian football club, which competes in the Russian Football Premier League.

The city was to bid to host the 2018 Summer Youth Olympics,[14] however the bid was abandoned due to a lack of government support.[15]

Notable people[edit]


Kaspiysk has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification: BSk).

Climate data for Kaspiysk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.3
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.4
Average low °C (°F) −2.4
Average precipitation mm (inches) 22
Source: Climate-Data.org [16]


The city is home to a large naval storage facility that houses Russian hovercraft and ekranoplans.



  1. ^ a b c Law #16
  2. ^ a b c Law #6
  3. ^ Аппарат Собрания депутатов городского округа
  4. ^ Подсчитано по базе данных муниципальных образований РФ на 2008 год
  5. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  9. ^ http://www.rian.ru/history/20061116/55683149.html
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved January 1, 2016. 
  11. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  12. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  13. ^ http://www.ethno-kavkaz.narod.ru/rndaghestan.html
  14. ^ Zhukov gives backing to Dagestan 2018 Youth Olympics bid
  15. ^ Dagestan bid for 2018 Summer Youth Olympics abandoned
  16. ^ "Climate: Kaspiysk". Retrieved 2016-02-27. 


  • Народное Собрание Республики Дагестан. Закон №16 от 10 апреля 2002 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Дагестан», в ред. Закона №106 от 30 декабря 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Республики Дагестан». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Дагестанская правда", №81, 12 апреля 2002 г. (People's Assembly of the Republic of Dagestan. Law #16 of April 10, 2002 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of Dagestan, as amended by the Law #106 of December 30, 2013 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of the Republic of Dagestan. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Народное Собрание Республики Дагестан. Закон №6 от 13 января 2005 г. «О статусе и границах муниципальных образований Республики Дагестан», в ред. Закона №43 от 30 апреля 2015 г. «О статусе городского округа с внутригородским делением "Город Махачкала", статусе и границах внутригородских районов в составе городского округа с внутригородским делением "Город Махачкала" и о внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Республики Дагестан». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Дагестанская правда", №8, 15 февраля 2005 г. (People's Assembly of the Republic of Dagestan. Law #6 of January 13, 2005 On the Status and Borders of the Municipal Formations of the Republic of Dagestan, as amended by the Law #43 of April 30, 2015 On the Status of the "City of Makhachkala" Urban Okrug with Intra-Urban Divisions, the Status and the Borders of the Intra-City Districts Comprising the "City of Makhachkala" Urban Okrug with Intra-Urban Divisions, and on Amending Various Legislative Acts of the Republic of Dagestan. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).