Kasserine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Coordinates: 35°10′N 8°50′E / 35.167°N 8.833°E / 35.167; 8.833

Kasserine

ڨصرين
Roman ruins at Kasserine.
Roman ruins at Kasserine.
Kasserine is located in Tunisia
Kasserine
Kasserine
Location in Tunisia
Coordinates: 35°10′N 8°50′E / 35.167°N 8.833°E / 35.167; 8.833
CountryFlag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia
GovernorateKasserine Governorate
Government
 • GovernorAtef Boughatas
 • MayorMaher Bouazzi
Population
(2014)
 • Total108 794
Time zoneUTC1 (CET)
Postal code
1253[1]

Kasserine (Arabic: ڨصرينAbout this soundGaṣrīn) is the capital city of the Kasserine Governorate, in west-central Tunisia. It is situated below Jebel ech Chambi, Tunisia's highest mountain.[2] Its population is 76,243 (2004).[3]

History[edit]

In classical antiquity it was a Roman colony, known as Cillium. Under Roman Emperor Vespasian (69–79) or Titus (79-81), it was elevated to the rank of municipium, and under the Severan dynasty to that of colonia (Cillilana). Archaeological evidence remains on site: mausoleums, triumphal arches, thermae, a theatre and a Christian basilica.[4]

In 1906, an attack by local bedouin on isolated settler farms near Kasserine, and the French civil administration offices during the Thala-Kasserine Disturbances was the first violent resistance to French authority under the protectorate.

Ecclesiastical history[edit]

Cillium was important enough in the Roman province of Byzacena to become a suffragan of the Metropolitan of Hadrumetum.

Cillium was represented at the Conference of Carthage (411) between Catholic and Donatist bishops by the Catholic Tertiolus and the Donatist Donatus. In 484, Fortunatianus of Cillium was one of the Catholic bishops whom the Arian Vandal king Huneric summoned to Carthage and then exiled.[5][6][7]

Titular see of Cillium[edit]

No longer a residential bishopric, Cillium is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.[8]

Since its nominal restoration in 1925, the Latin titular bishopric has had the following incumbents, both of the lowest (episcopal) rank :

Geography[edit]

Kasserine is located in western central Tunisia. By road it is 200 kilometres west of Sfax, 246 kilometres (180 mi) south-west of Tunis, 166 kilometres (141 mi) south-west of Sousse.

Kasserine is divided into 11 districts:

  • El Arich
  • Ennour District
  • Essalem District
  • Ezzouhour District
  • El Bassatine District
  • El Fath District
  • El Karma District
  • El Khadhra District
  • El Manar District
  • Olympic District
  • Zouhour District

Sports[edit]

Haggui in action for Bayer Leverkusen in 2007.

Kasserine's most popular sport club is the AS Kasserine (football, soccer).

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Postal code of Kasserine, GeoPostcodes
  2. ^ "Jebel Chambi" on Peakbagger.com Retrieved 1 October 2011
  3. ^ (in French) Recensement of 2004 (National Institute of Statistics)
  4. ^ Associazione Storico-Culturale S. Agostino: "Cillium"
  5. ^ Stefano Antonio Morcelli, Africa christiana, Volume I, Brescia 1816, pp. 139–140
  6. ^ Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 465
  7. ^ J. Ferron, v. Cillium, in Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie ecclésiastiques, vol. XII, Paris 1953, coll. 831-832
  8. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 869
  9. ^ https://www.timesherald.com/news/most-reverend-louis-anthony-desimone-dies/article_5c824eac-c8cd-11e8-8027-afd89f37cf12.html
  10. ^ Faouzia Aloui Profile in africultures
  11. ^ (in Arabic) Faouzia Aloui at Diwanalarab
  12. ^ Karim Haggui at worldfootball.net

Sources and external links[edit]

See also[edit]