Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya
|Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya|
The Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya scheme was introduced by the Government of India in August 2004, then integrated in the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan program, to provide educational facilities for girls belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes, minority communities and families below the poverty line in Educationally Backward Blocks.
Gender disparities still persist in rural areas and among disadvantaged communities. Looking at enrollment trends, there remain significant gaps in the enrollment of girls at the elementary level as compared to boys, especially at the upper primary levels. The objective of KGBV is to ensure that quality education is feasible and accessible to the girls of disadvantaged groups of society by setting up residential schools with boarding facilities at elementary level.
The scheme was applicable since inception in 2004, in Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs) where the rural female literacy is below the national average (46.13%: Census 2001) and gender gap in literacy is more than the national average (21.59%: Census 2001). Among these blocks, schools may be set up in areas with:
- concentration of tribal population, with low female literacy and/or a large number of girls out of school;
- concentration of SC, OBC and minority populations, with low female literacy and/or a large number of girls out of school;
- areas with low female literacy; or
- areas with a large number of small, scattered habitations that do not qualify for a school
The criteria of eligible blocks has been revised with effect from 1 April 2008 to include the following:
- An additional 316 Educationally backward blocks with rural female literacy below 30%; and
- 94 Towns/cities having minority concentration (as per the list identified by Ministry of Minority Affairs) with female literacy rate below the national average (53.67%: Census 2001).
The scheme has been implemented in 28 states and union territories: Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and West Bengal.
2578 KGBVs were sanctioned by Government of India. Of these, 427 KGBVs have been sanctioned in Muslim concentration blocks, 612 in ST blocks, 688 in SC blocks. A total of 750 residential schools would be opened in educational backward blocks. 75% entrollment is reserved for girls from SC, ST, OBC and Minority communities and the other 25% to girls from families below the poverty line.