Kasumi (Dead or Alive)
|Dead or Alive character|
Kasumi in Dead or Alive 5
|First game||Dead or Alive (arcade) (1996)|
|Created by||Tomonobu Itagaki|
|Portrayed by||Mari Shimomura ("DOA in Hawaii")
Devon Aoki (DOA: Dead or Alive)
|Fighting style||Mugen Tenshin Ninjutsu (Tenjin Mon style)|
|Weapon||Wakizashi (Dead or Alive)
Katana and kunai (Ninja Gaiden)
|Occupation||Runaway shinobi (ninja)|
Kasumi (Japanese: かすみ, also written as 霞, meaning "mist") is a player character and the primary protagonist of the Dead or Alive fighting game series by Team Ninja and Tecmo (Koei Tecmo). Kasumi has served as the lead character of the Dead or Alive franchise since its premiere in 1996. She was the official protagonist in the first two games in the series and was also a main character in the fifth game and in the film DOA: Dead or Alive, in which she was portrayed by Devon Aoki. Voice actors for Kasumi included Sakura Tange and Houko Kuwashima in Japan, and Lauren Landa and Kari Wahlgren in English.
In the games' canon, Kasumi, also known as "the Kunoichi of Destiny", is a teenage female ninja princess who has left her clan and became an outcast pursued by her younger half-sister Ayane. There are several Dead or Alive player and boss characters who are clones of her. She also guest appeared in various other games, including Team Ninja's other flagship series Ninja Gaiden where Ayane plays a much bigger role.
Kasumi has become a symbol of the Dead or Alive franchise and is the personal favourite of Team Ninja's founder and the series' creator Tomonobu Itagaki. She has been the subject of various merchandise and was used to promote the Xbox consoles in Japan. Kasumi is a popular sex symbol in video game culture and an iconic ninja character. Due to differences in cultural norms, she has also attracted some controversy in the West involving eroticism and the use of underage female characters in video games.
- 1 Appearances
- 2 Promotion and merchandise
- 3 Reception
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
In video games
Dead or Alive series
Kasumi is the main character and protagonist of the first two games in the series. She and her brother Hayate are the respected heirs apparent of their clan, the Mugen Tenshin (霧幻天神流). In the series' backstory, she was destined to become the 18th Master of the Mugen Tenshin ninja clan when Hayate was left comatose after an attack by their renegade uncle Raidou. On a personal quest of revenge, Kasumi, highly skilled in the Tenjin Mon (天神門) style ninjutsu, fled to enter the Dead or Alive tournament and defeat Raidou, becoming an outlaw and outcast to her clan. Kasumi kills Raidou and avenges not only the supposed death of Hayate, but also the rape of Kasumi's mother Ayame, winning the first DOA tournament.
After the Dead or Alive 1 World Combat Championship, she is abducted by Dead or Alive Tournament Executive Committee (DOATEC)'s Super Human Development Project, which uses her genes to create a clone called Kasumi Alpha as part of its project to develop supersoldiers. Kasumi escapes, defeats her clone and attempts to return to her village; but she is banished because a dishonored ninja cannot rejoin their clan. She is labeled a traitor because leaving the village is punishable by death, and she is constantly hunted by assassins. Despite this, she still wishes to see Hayate—the clan's leader—and half-sister Ayane, and she enters the third tournament to meet them for the last time.
She eventually meets her brother, and after trying to persuade him to forget DOATEC and return to the Mugen Tenshin village with her, she is attacked by Ayane, but is victorious. Kasumi follows Hayate to the DOATEC Tri-Tower to confront Helena Douglas, who has taken control of DOATEC. Kasumi fights her way past Helena and heads for the laboratory to destroy her powerful clone, the Alpha-152. Kasumi fights to the best of her ability, but Alpha-152 escapes in the chaos caused by a Mugen Tenshin attack. Upon spotting Helena entering the blazing helipad, Kasumi risks her life trying to intervene, but Ayane prevents her and saves Kasumi's life seconds before the building explodes.
Kasumi returns in Dead or Alive 5, where she is unable to return to her village, lives on the run and continues to be a target. Kasumi joins forces with Helena to find Alpha-152, refusing help from other characters, including her brother. After defeating her clone, she is attacked and killed by Hayate and Ayane. However, it is revealed that she was an Alpha clone programmed to believe she is the original, while the real Kasumi is in Japan with Ninja Gaiden's Muramasa at a hidden village. Kasumi receives a message from the ninja master Ryu Hayabusa, telling her that Hayate is in danger and she is needed in battle. She reaches the oil platform where her brother is, and discovers a secret laboratory belonging to Victor Donovan's new organization, MIST. Kasumi finds that he has created several Alpha clones to sell to the militaries of powerful countries. She frees Hayate, who helps her, Ayane and Ryu destroy Alpha-152 and the laboratory. Afterwards, Kasumi decides to find Donovan and defeat him.
In the series' storyline, DOATEC uses Kasumi's DNA to create many clones as part of its Project Alpha, which aims to create a perfect fighter. The first of these to appear in the series was Kasumi Alpha (カスミα （アルファ） Kasumi Arufa), which appeared as Kasumi wearing a crimson ninja suit. Kasumi Alpha is a boss character in Dead or Alive 2 and also appears in Dead or Alive Ultimate. She is defeated by Kasumi and the project undergoes another phase known as Project Alpha-2. Most of Kasumi's chapters in the story mode of Dead or Alive 5 are actually following her other, unknowing clone.
The character was later redesigned to appear as a translucent, liquid-like form of Kasumi—the ultimate stage of Alpha series human weapons known as Alpha-152 (アルファ・イチゴーニ Arufa Ichi-gō-ni), who "detests all things and her goal is only to destroy." At the end of Dead or Alive 4, Alpha-152 flees DOATEC's Tri-Tower after a brief fight with Kasumi. Although not designed as one by the series' original designer and director, Tomonobu Itagaki, Alpha-152 is known as a very challenging final boss in several characters' story mode and the time attack mode in DOA4, and is an especially difficult opponent for slower characters. Alpha-152 can be unlocked as a playable character in Dead or Alive Dimensions. She returns in Dead or Alive 5, in which she can be unlocked again as a playable character. In the story mode of DOA5, Alpha-152 is again the last opponent. She takes on Kasumi's exact form and can also transform into Ayane, Hayate and Ryu during the final battle.
Phase-4 (フェーズ・フォー Fēzu-Fō) has first appeared in Dead or Alive 5 during the story mode's introduction cutscene, where she attacks and destroys Bayman's special forces team in a war zone. She was announced to debut a playable character in the Arcade version of Dead or Alive 5 Ultimate, after which she is going to be made available as downloadable content (DLC) in console version after with the new character Marie Rose. Unlike the other clones, Phase-4 wants to live as a human being. She has her own, very different fighting style, which mixes the moves of Kasumi and Ayane. According to Joystiq, Phase-4's various costumes "bear the trademark hyper-sexuality that Team Ninja infuses into all of its games" but "generally revolve around a hood, making her the most brooding, angsty version of Kasumi to date."
Kasumi appears in the 2003 sports video game Dead or Alive Xtreme Beach Volleyball (DOAX). Kasumi is invited to a fourth DOA tournament; upon arriving she discovers the invitation is a hoax, and she and the game's other characters play beach volleyball. Kasumi also appears in the sequel, Dead or Alive Xtreme 2 (2006), and in the portable version Dead or Alive Paradise (2010). She also appears in the iPhone game The Girls of Dead or Alive: Blackjack (2009) as a blackjack dealer. She is one of the nine playable female characters in Dead or Alive Xtreme 3 (2015). In this case, Kasumi, while reading her fortune, returns once again to New Zack Island, and she decides to spend some time in order to find of about her fortune.
Dead or Alive: Code Chronos, a DOA series' prequel game which was to star Kasumi and Ayane in the leading roles. Itagaki said in 2003, "the fact that we registered this trademark for Kasumi-den should tell you that we have a big plan for it." Code Chronos was cancelled following Itagaki's departure from Tecmo.
In the Ninja Gaiden series, Kasumi appears as a playable character in the 2012 action game Ninja Gaiden 3: Razor's Edge, which was made available as free DLC for the Wii U, and was included in the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 versions. In it, she is armed with a long sword and kunai throwing knives and by default wears hooded black armor with a scarf; the player can also select three of her costumes from DOA5. In 2013, Kasumi appeared in the smart phone action card game Hyakuman-nin no Ninja Gaiden, in which Hitomi from Dead or Alive and Rio from Rio: Rainbow Gate! also appear dressed in Kasumi's DOA costumes.
Kasumi appears as an optionally playable 'monster' in the games Monster Rancher 2 (1999) and Monster Rancher 4 (2003). Kasumi also appears as a playable character in a minor role in Warriors Orochi 3 Ultimate (Musou Orochi 3 Ultimate, 2013), where she suddenly falls through a space-time distortion while pursuing Alpha-152 and arrives in another world wearing her standard costume and armed with a short sword. She is a playable character in the crossover crowd-fighting game Warriors All-Stars (Musou Stars, 2017) in a larger role, including appearing on the game's cover art.
Kasumi makes a cameo appearance in 2009's Ninja Gaiden Sigma 2 wearing a new outfit. Her blue ninja outfit is an unlockable costume for Arin in Super Swing Golf (2006) and Super Swing Golf: Season 2 (2007), and is an alternative costume of Mio Amakura in the Director's Cut version of Fatal Frame II: Crimson Butterfly for the Xbox (2004). Her costume is also available for character avatars in Koei's social game My GAMECITY, and for player characters in Ragnarok Odyssey Ace (2013). Sega's free-to-play game Samurai & Dragons added a rare Kasumi card in 2013.
Kasumi is 5 feet 2 inches (1.57 m) and weighs 106 pounds (48 kg). Some scholars used her and Tomb Raider's Lara Croft as examples of the characters embodying "unique aesthetic for perfection" - a hyperreal, exaggerated 'hyperbody'. Like the other female characters in the Dead or Alive franchise, Kasumi was designed with large breasts; her official measurements are 35-21-33. She wears many types of costumes through the series, including female ninja outfits, feminine casual clothes, Japanese schoolgirl uniform and bikinis. Her hair has been variously blonde, auburn and red. According to IGN, she had the best outfits of the characters in Dead or Alive Ultimate—the expanded compilation of the first two DOA games—in which "she looks great and her outfits are fantastic." Reportedly, a new costume in Dead or Alive: Dimensions "upset" fans when the game was announced in 2010.
She was the youngest character in the original version of the first game. Tomonobu Itagaki said his "daughter" Kasumi "has been a main character of the Dead or Alive series, and please understand, she is like a Venus to me." When asked if he was comfortable with sexualizing a 17-year-old character, Itagaki answered, "In Japan, that's okay. Maybe it's 20 in America." He also said, "I was 27 when I created Kasumi. I'm older now, but 17-year-old girls are still gorgeous." Itagaki said the Dead or Alive series contributed its character Ayane, rather than the "very soft" Kasumi, for a cameo appearance in 2004's Ninja Gaiden because Kasumi did not fit with the game's "very hard-edged" basis as "DOA is based on a 'softer' concept, and she is rather symbolic of the game as a whole". He said that if Ninja Gaiden had featured Kasumi, it would have become less a "story of [Ryu] Hayabusa and ninjas" and more a story of Kasumi ("Kasumi-den") and a "DOA action game". Itagaki has described himself as personally "a fan of Kasumi" as his favorite DOA character. He also said he felt "responsible for her" and was "very close to her". When hackers found a way to remove her clothing in DOA2, Itagaki felt this "was an attack on her". Tecmo's lawyers sued software company West Side, the authors of the hack, for violating Kasumi's dignity, and won the case and damages of two million yen (over US$20,000). Kasumi's nude model can be also accessed using a GameShark cheat device in the Dreamcast version of DOA2, and one fan-made mod for DOA5 modified her training suit to remove most of the clothing.
In 2012, 16 years after her debut appearance, Kasumi was redesigned to look less cartoon-like and more realistic with a "grown up" appearance in DOA5. The game's art director Yuta Saito said, "From DOA4 we wanted to evolve the characters in a slightly realistic direction. The most difficult, and you don't have to ask, is Kasumi. Kasumi is the face of DOA and the eternal heroine. And for such a popular character like Kasumi, to change her form we really needed a lot of courage and it really was a big challenge. But if we didn't do that, we couldn't make DOA5 and we wouldn't be able to show you anything." Producer Yasuke Hayashi said the process of remodeling Kasumi has sparked most disputes in the development team, especially since she is "a character that is not so much out on the table, with hidden feelings, and it's been difficult to express such a 'hidden look'." GamesRadar noted that "the manga influences on her facial features—while still apparent—have been scaled right back [a]nd her boobs seem less ludicrously unmanageable." Itagaki, who has left Team Ninja in 2008, said in 2014: "Straightly speakin’, my daughter was totally ruined, spoiled. I can’t/shouldn’t avert my eyes from that fact. Many DOA fans here are crying, I will do something for DOA after I finished Devil's Third."
Gameplay-wise, Kasumi was noted as one of the top characters in the series. IGN called Kasumi "one of the deadliest fighters in all of DOA, because she has surprising reach and can attack from greater distances than the other girls," adding she "is one of the rare characters to come equipped with a blade and with lightning fast attacks, she can take down opponents in record time." According to Anthony Chau's GameSpy guide for Dead or Alive 3, "Kasumi's all-around game combined with her quickness makes her one of the best fighters for any level of player. Strong stunning attacks, great combinations, and her speed, she's got it all." In GameSpot's guide to Dead or Alive 4, Matthew Rorie wrote Kasumi is "an interesting character for many reasons. While she doesn't rely on brute strength to get the job done, she has a dizzying array of quick strikes and more than a few teleportation moves to dazzle your opponents and pull them off guard, allowing you to sneak behind them and attack from the rear, or just confuse them mightily."
IGN described her "a great character for any level of player" of Dead or Alive 2 as "novices will certainly enjoy her easy mechanics, while master players will find some of the most evil combinations in the game with Kasumi." According to Andrew Alfonso's GameSpy guide to Dead or Alive Ultimate, Kasumi's key moves include high kicks and a cartwheel attack, which is perfect against low attackers. Kasumi's preferred and recommended tag team partner is Ryu Hayabusa. GameSpy's Chau wrote that in DOA3, "Kasumi's got some very good long-range attacks; combined with her speed and she's able to hit opponents from a good distance away," especially since many of her attacks can stun with one hit, allowing her "to deliver her great punch and kick combinations, regarded by some as being the best in the game," that are exceptionally dangerous since many of them end in a powerful launching attack. In addition, "to balance her great speed and superb punch-kick combination game, Kasumi also can throw with the best of them." Chau opined Kasumi is a good tag team partner for any fighter, but in particular for Ryu, Bass, Helena and Ayane. GamesRadar US recommended that DOA3 "beginners should start with Kasumi because she's got some nice combos". According to Bryan Dawson in Prima Games' official guide for Dead or Alive 4, this game's Kasumi is "faster than ever" and her techniques have been modified considerably; she was ranked overall 8/10, while her clone Alpha-152 was ranked 10/10. In GameSpy's guide to DOA4, David McCutcheon wrote that "Kasumi is a very well-rounded character that is diverse in usefulness," that she "can be a pure powerhouse character outside of her looks that will certainly drive the point across even to the most defensive of fighters," and that novice players might especially appreciate her very accessible high combos. In an official description of Kasumi in Dead or Alive 5, she uses "beautiful yet varied attacks executed at a high speed that few can guard against." Dean James from Attack of the Fanboy recommended her especially "for those who haven’t played the series in the past and are just starting with Dead or Alive 5 Last Round" for her "probably the most balanced setup in the series."
In the Dead or Alive Xtreme beach volleyball series, Kasumi has excellent technique and jump abilities, but average speed and defense, and very low power. Pairing Kasumi with her rival Ayane can lower their performance. According to Official Xbox Magazine, "Kasumi has almost the exact same strengths as Ayane [which means she is excellent at long spikes, digging, and soft dinks], but she's even weaker at the net. She must be partnered with a good spiker and kept in the back whenever possible." Shelby Reiches of Cheat Code Central wrote Kasumi's fighting style in Ninja Gaiden 3: Razor's Edge "appears to fall somewhere between the more acrobatic Ayane and Ryu’s baseline swordsmanship" but she also "brings rampant teleportation and a focused, laser-like Ninpo [magic attacks] to the table," and David Lynch of X360 noted all the "girls" of Razor's Edge (Ayane, Kasumi and Momiji) are "just as deadly" as Ryu has always been in the Ninja Gaiden series.
Kasumi appeared as a lead character in the 2006 action-comedy film DOA: Dead or Alive, which is loosely based on the game series. In it, she was played by Devon Aoki, an American actress of mixed ethnicity who has previously portrayed the ninja Miho in the film Sin City. Itagaki later expressed a preference for a Japanese actress, ideally Kumiko Gotoh, but had no authority over the casting process. Aoki said about Kasumi: "Yes, she's pretty badass ... and she's a princess. She's never been outside the palace walls. She's been very, very sheltered, because she's a princess and that's the way it is ... until the point where she actually decides to leave, she's basically been pretty sheltered but she's a capable fighter."
According to Kung Fu Tai Chi, DOA: Dead or Alive "focuses its pugilistic mayhem on the eye-candy surrounding the mythos of Princess Kasumi". In the movie, Kasumi escapes her clan and joins the tournament upon receiving an invitation. She fights against Leon and wins. Later, Kasumi stabs the villain Victor Donovan with an acupuncture needle. He is paralyzed and perishes in an explosion. In the end, she goes home with her brother despite being a runaway shinobi, but has to fight against her clan with her new friends to be allowed to stay.
In the 2002 comedy film Run Ronnie Run, the character Jerry Trellis (E.J. De La Pena) is shown playing Dead or Alive 2 Hardcore as Kasumi in two different scenes. At the end of the film, Jerry uses some of her moves in a fight.
Promotion and merchandise
As a DOA mascot character, Kasumi has been featured in a wide range of merchandise, including figurines, statuettes and action figures that have been released by Tecmo, Sega, Kaiyodo, Max Factory, Kotobukiya, Takara, wall scrolls, and others. One figure was bundled with a special edition of Dead or Alive Paradise for the PlayStation Portable (also sold separately); another exclusive figure was bundled with the magazine Hobby Japan in 2010. Some Kasumi figures can be stripped down to their underwear or stripped topless.
Other items include an Xbox 360 face plate, a PSP protective cover, swimwear for women, "3D breasts" gel-filled mousepads and a "3D" mug, trading cards, a Dead or Alive 5 arcade stick by Hori decorated with a graphic of Ayane and Kasumi, a "squishy pillow", and a lifesize 160-centimetre (5.2-foot) dakimakura "love pillow" which was bundled by Microsoft with the 5,000-unit "Kasumi-chan Blue" limited edition batch of the Xbox consoles sold in Japan with a matching Xbox Controller. Kasumi and Hitomi were also used in an iPhone digital clock application Bijin Tokei, and a Dead or Alive voice clock was bundled with a figure of either Kasumi or Ayane. In 2007, Side A: Love! Kasumi was released as one of two picture books to mark DOA's tenth anniversary and Kasumi-themed credit cards were also released on this occasion, while a 1/6 scale special limited figure was released in only 20 copies as part of the film's promotional campaign.
Dead or Alive 4 pre-orders in Japan included bonuses marketed as "the most beautiful slipcase in the world" and "the most beautiful poster in the world", the case having an almost-naked Kasumi on one side and Ayane in her standard fighting outfit on the other. Dead or Alive 5 pre-order bonuses included an exclusive Kasumi-themed iPhone case from the online retailer ShopTo.Net. Merchandise released for DOA5 include another Kasumi-themed 3D mousepad and body pillow cases. Kasumi was featured on the covers of Dead or Alive 5 Postcard School Calendar 2013 and on 2005's comic anthology companion for Dead or Alive Ultimate. Dead or Alive 5 Ultimate "Kasumi-chan Blue" limited edition includes Kasumi-themed 3D mousepad, playing cards, lifesize tapestry and bath poster; the game's collector's edition also contains a Kasumi 3D mousepad and playing cards.
She is one of four playable characters available in the 2013 free-to-play game Dead or Alive 5 Ultimate: Core Fighters, and free downloadable costumes for Kasumi were offered as pre-order bonuses for the full version of DOA5 Ultimate at Amazon. First-print copies of Tecmo Koei's Musou Orochi 2 Ultimate (Japanese version of Warriors Orochi 3 Ultimate) were bundled with DLC costume codes for Kasumi's special “Orochi” themed costume in DOA5 Ultimate. Kasumi is also one of the four characters available for free play in Dead or Alive 5 Last Round. Last Round pre-order bonuses included her special "Ninja 2015" masked outfit at Amazon, Best Buy and GameStop, with an additional skimpy "Aloha" costume available at GameStop only. Her wardrobe in Last Round also includes a destructible dress designed by Tamiki Wakaki and downloadable costumes of Dark Side Princess Laegrinna from Tecmo Koei's Deception IV: The Nightmare Princess, Alisa Reinford from Nihon Falcom's The Legend of Heroes: Trails of Cold Steel, Io Yaginuma from Square Enix's School Girl Strikers, Yatterman-2 from Tatsunoko's Yatterman, and Kasumi Todoh from SNK's The King of Fighters, while Phase 4 can be dressed up as Altina Orion from Trails of Cold Steel II and another outfit by Wakaki.
In 2010, an erotic gamebook Destiny Kunoichi Kasumi (運命のくノ一かすみ) was published (as part of the Queen's Gate series in the Queen's Blade franchise), for which another Kasumi figure was released. Kasumi's signature very high kick attack was featured in a television commercial for Dead or Alive 3. Microsoft's promotion of the Xbox in Japan included the 'Kasumi and Hawaii' campaign at the Tokyo Game Show 2003, where several gamers would be "invited by lottery to fly off to a sunny beach to be pampered like a king while playing the latest games."
Critical acclaim and popularity
Kasumi has been well received by gaming fans and professional critics for her sex appeal and her martial arts abilities, both in Japan and in the West. In 1998, Computer and Video Games (CVG) featured Kasumi as its Star of the Month, calling her "so sexy, and so deadly (and so a-lively)," also telling the readers they are "bound to fall in love with Kasumi," and Sega Saturn Magazine featured her on the cover with a caption stating "Drop dead gorgeous!" in capital letters. N64 Magazine described Dead or Alive 2 as "Kasumi and co" and called her "more than welcome" on the GameCube, CVG stated she "looks fantastic" in this game, and Dreamcast Magazine preview stated Kasumi "makes a welcome return for her second all conquering appearance under the spotlight." Brazilian edition of the Xbox Official Magazine compared Kasumi's role in Dead or Alive 2 to that of Ryu in Street Fighter games as a protagonistic type of "character we all chose at the beginning, one of most versatile in all aspects, and possessing an overwhelming charisma." In the Dreamcast "Character Battle" in DC Magazine, Kasumi got to semi-finals before she was defeated by Ulala. Reporting on Dead or Alive Ultimate in 2004, Video Games Daily called her "everyone's favourite fighting chick". Kasumi was the second most popular character among online players of Ultimate, about which IGN declared that "they love Kasumi because she has the best overall outfits in the game" and also noted her for having "has, by far, the most bizarre background of any DOA girl." In 2013, Retro Gamer chose Kasumi as one of the 19 "coolest fighters from the last 30 years" and noted she is "clearly the face of Dead or Alive." Japanese magazine Famitsu declared Kasumi as the 35th top video game heroine of the 1990s, with her being one of the only three non-Capcom fighting game characters on this list.
According to Kotaku, Kasumi has become "nothing short of an icon" in Japan by 2006. Talking about her popularity in the country, Itagaki said in 2004, "It's almost like there are too many Kasumi covers. If you look at Japanese magazines, maybe 10% of them have Kasumi on their cover." She was voted the DOA series' most popular character among the Japanese fans in the publisher Koei Tecmo's official poll in 2014, receiving over 19% of votes. Kasumi has also achieved a high popularity overseas. In 2005, she won G4's show Video Game Vixens in the category 'Dressed to Kill'. That same year, Kasumi also won the "Who is the hottest female character on Xbox?" poll by Official Xbox Magazine, when 52% of all votes were cast on her (Street Fighter's Chun-Li came second with 11%), with the magazine's staff commenting that it was no surprise to them. She won the G-Phoria 2007 award in the category "Best Hottest Babe", garnering 55% of all votes, came third after Mai Shiranui from The King of Fighters and Chun-Li in a Korean Internet fan poll for White Day 2009, just as she also later did in poll for the most erotic girl in the history of fighting games conducted by Japanese web portal Goo in 2016, and was voted second in the "Miss of Video Games 2012" poll by Polish magazine PSX Extreme.
Kasumi has been repeatedly named as one of gaming's top female ninja characters. In 2007, Rob Wright of Tom's Games featured her as one of the 50 greatest female characters in video game history and one of "the video game vixens of today" for being "one of the most powerful—and sexy—ninjas in the world." UGO ranked her tenth in its list of 2007 "video game hotties", describing her as "freakin' hot" and "the most attractive ninja you'll ever see." Chris Buffa of GameDaily ranked her at number eight in his 2008 list of top "hottest game babes" due to their love of "female ninjas, especially ones with gigantic breasts," and wrote, "Kasumi remains the most recognizable Dead or Alive girl, and one of the most dangerous." In 2010, G4tv.com called her "the iconic female ninja", and PLAY ranked this "everyone’s favourite ginger ninja" as the second "hottest redhead" in games. Machinima.com's Steve and Larson placed her third on its 2011 list of "top ten ninjas in all of gaming", and Gelo Gonzales of FHM included Kasumi among the nine "sexiest ninja babes in games" in a 2012 list, calling her "about as pure as ninjas go" and comparing her to Bela Padilla. In 2013, WatchMojo.com ranked further her as the fifth top playable ninja in video games. In a 2015 article "The Truth About Ninjas", Kotaku's Matthew Burns included Kasumi, Ayane, and Mai Shiranui among "the 'fan favourite' lady ninjas".
Kasumi has also been positively received for her other traits. Sega Saturn Magazine named the "beautiful" Kasumi the "brains" of the first DOA, with Tina being the game's "muscle", and stated bother are "guaranteed to offend sexists everywhere" as she is "easily capable of holding their own against the game's macho male fighters." Joystick Division's James Hawkins described Kasumi as "a deadly fighter when she has to be, and a caring, passionate person when she doesn't. In a game full of sexy, fatalistic fighters, separating from the pack is a truly impressive feat. And Kasumi has done just that." The Age ranked her 36th on its 2008 list of the top 50 Xbox characters of all time and PC Games Hardware listed her as one of the most important female characters in video game history. GameDaily featured her in a 2009 article about gaming's "greatest patriots" and stated that "it's hard to imagine a video game world without the lovely Kasumi." In 2011, Polish web portal Wirtualna Polska listed her as one of the 15 "girls that will kick your ass" and noted that even though she was created as a strong female character just to appeal to "low tastes of some male players," she is still "a tough chick". Together with Ayane, Hitomi and Leifang, Kasumi also placed tenth on the list "video game hotties" by the Spanish edition of IGN. In 2012, WatchMojo.com ranked her as the ninth most iconic fighting game character, calling her an arguably perfect woman, while The Daily Observer included her among the 32 candidates for “ultimate fighting game champion”. WatchMojo.com placed "this beautiful redhead" who "wipes the floor with her opponents thanks to her speed" fifth in their 2014 ranking of top female fighting game characters. On the other hand, Kurt Kalata of Hardcore Gaming 101 criticized her as an "insufferable Mary Sue," particularly in Dimensions.
Writing about the character's popularity in cosplay community, where hers, Ayane's and Leifang's has been most popular DOA cosplays among the Japanese, Brian Ashcraft of Kotaku stated in 2012: "Kasumi is one of the most iconic characters in Japanese gaming. Her ninja outfit in its various colors is instantly recognizable. She isn't merely in Dead or Alive; she is Dead or Alive." Actress and model Leila Arcieri chose the "incredible" Kasumi as a game character she would team up with if needed. WomanGamers.com appreciated Kasumi's portrayal "as a woman of action and deeds" who is "willing to risk everything in order to search for her missing brother". The website opined the character suffered from "the 'jiggle wiggle peek-a-boo factor' for which the series is both famous and infamous", but nevertheless rated her 8.14/10 as "a very pleasing character." It also positively noted "the popularity of the DOA characters with Japanese females, coupled with the fact that these ladies are not portrayed as damsels in distress but instead are shown to be dangerous opponents with their own agendas." The pseudonym of professional gamer Marjorie Bartell "Kasumi Chan" was inspired by the character. The alias of another professional gamer, Marie-Laure Norindr "Kayane" from France, was created from a conjunction of the names of her two favourite DOA characters, Kasumi and Ayane. Kasumi is also the favourite DOA character of the American comic book writer Gail Simone.
Multiple publications have chosen Kasumi as a video game sex symbol. Chris Carle of IGN wrote, "this sultry redhead is also a fan favorite, and it's not difficult to see why. In addition to being gifted as a fighter, she's been graced with one of the finest digital bodies ever. Also, she is a freaking ninja." TeamXbox ranked her as the third-top "Xbox babe" in 2004, declaring: "When we imagine our ideal Tecmo babe, Kasumi fits the bill perfectly. She has fought her way into the hearts and minds of millions of gamers," and also included her among its 11 "hotties in the Xbox universe" in 2009. Chris Reiter of Gaming Target ranked her as the fourth best "PlayStation 2 babe" in 2005. In 2010, Joystick Division's James Hawkins ranked her as the sixth most sexy video game character, adding that "there is something really sexy about Kasumi that the other characters in the series seem to be missing." UGO's Aubrey Sitterson ranked her as ninth in his 2011 list of the "hottest" female fighters in fighting games. In 2012, Kasumi was declared the sexiest character in video games by Fernando DaQuino of Tecmundo, as well as being ranked as the 17th "hottest" female video game character by Kristie Bertucci of Gadget Review. ZoominGames ranked her as the third top "game babe" in 2012, as well as the number one top Asian female in gaming (for her sex appeal) in 2013. Also in 2013, Steve Jenkins of CheatCodes.com declared her the third "hottest video game girl" of all time, adding that even though our voting only allowed us to rank her #3, she’ll always be #1 in our hearts." MTV UK placed her 31st on their 2015 list of the sexiest video game characters regardless of their genders.
Gavin Mackenzie of PLAY wrote Kasumi's "breasts explode the myth that ninjas like to go unnoticed, as they make it impossible not to notice Kasumi." In 2004, Official PlayStation Magazine (Australia) chose Kasumi as one of top ten game characters "to invite to your party," representing "beautiful bouncing girls." "This voluptuous vixen [with] a killer body and the moves to match" was often featured as GameDaily's 'Babe of the Week' feature, including in the galleries "Girl Power", "Asian Beauties" and "Kasumi". In 2010, UGO featured Kasumi in its lists of top 50 "videogame hotties" and 30 best swimsuits in all works of fiction. According to that website, "Kasumi is the flagship protagonist of the Dead or Alive series of games, and it's for good reason. Her huge breasts, flowing hair, and butt-bumpin' volleyball skills represent at least half of what the series is all about. It only helps that she's equally deadly when the fighting portion comes around." GamePro ranked her third in its 2007 list of "top asses in gaming" and Joystick Division's Hawkins ranked her ninth on his 2011 list of the "greatest asses" in video game history. In 2011, Ross Lincoln of GameFront ranked Kasumi's breasts as the 14th finest, while Rich Shivener of Joystick Division chose them (together with Tina Armstrong's) as the seventh "most incredible chest" in video games. Sega Saturn Magazine stated in 1997 that her breasts are "putting even Lara Croft to shame, [and] can only be referred to as the biggest, bountiful breasts we've ever gawped at," while China's NetEase ranked her as second top "eye candy" game character in history largely due to the impression her sexy costumes and breast physics have made in early DOA games. In 2012, Zachary Miller of Nintendo World Report ranked Kasumi as the second "top chesty heroine" on Nintendo systems solely for her appearance in Dimensions for the Nintendo 3DS, noting that "Tina and Kasumi are the only ladies with bikini costumes, and they both display the usual DoA jiggle more than the other ladies." That same year, Italian edition of Tom's Games also included Kasumi among top ten best necklines in video games: “We could have chosen the more abundant forms of Tina, or provocative costumes of Christie, but we preferred Kasumi in her classic costume.”
Spanish magazine PlanetStation put Dead or Alive 2 among the five sexiest PlayStation games for any fight between Kasumi and Ayane. In 2009 in Poland, she was listed as one of 21 "sexy ladies of computer games" by Fakt, while benchmark.pl included her on its list of the most sexy female video game protagonists. Interia.pl included Ayane, Christie and Kasumi ex-aequo among the "sexiest game heroines" of 2012. Czech web portal iDNES.cz chose her, Taki and Lara as the top three best well-endowed video game heroines in 2008 and French gaming magazine Retropolis placed Kasumi seventh in a 2013 ranking of sexiest girls in fighting games in which busts were the primary criteria. In 2015, Indonesian television Liputan 6 included Kasumi among the ten most beautiful Oriental women in video games, while Vietnamese daily Thanh Niên ranked this "powerful yet kind-hearted ninja warrior" as the third most sexy female game character.
The film adaptation's version of Kasumi garnered mostly negative reception, as did the film itself. Complex complained that Kasumi's appearance is "nowhere near as central to the movie as she is the game franchise, which of course we attribute to the intractable racism of the entertainment industry in this country [the United States]." A review by Noelani Torre of Philippine Daily Inquirer noted: "For some reason, the ninja princess lives in what looks like the Forbidden City. Have the ninjas invade China?" This setting confused NY Daily News' critic Jack Mathews, who thought Kasumi was a Chinese princess. Mikel Reparaz of GamesRadar opined the scene in which Kasumi leaves her clan was the film's "most ridiculous" scene and included it in his 2009 list of the 16 "most awesomely bad" video game movie moments. UGO declared Kasumi's "transitioning from martial art fight scene to skydiving without blinking" as the film's defining moment, also noting her "keeping conservative in a world full of boob".
Polish web portal Gildia.pl featured the video game version of Kasumi as their "Gamegirl of the Week", but called Aoki's role in the film a "total setback". According to Dan Amrich of Xbox Official Magazine, "the melodrama of rogue ninja Kasumi's search for her brother doesn't work if the people telling the tale don't bother to, you know, act." Roger Moore from Orlando Sentinel opined Natassia Malthe's (the film's Ayane) purple hair "makes her look even less Japanese than Aoki," Kurt Kalata of Hardcore Gaming 101 commented Kasumi was "sadly played by pancake-face Devon Aoki," and Merca Player pointed out Aoki lacked "the 'size'" to portray "the ninja with the world's most perfect cleavage." Nevertheless, Complex ranked her as tenth on their 2011 list of "hottest women in video game movies," but with a likeness factor of only 52%.
Controversies and unofficial content
Negative reception of the game character included accusations of sexual objectification and a controversy about underage characters. According to Official Xbox Magazine, "the nubile DOA girls have always been slightly controversial, with high-minded types lamenting the gratuitous use of bouncing bosoms. But on Xbox, these criticisms seem to have died away - the sheer brilliance of DOA3's gameplay must have made all gamers, feminists included, realise that Tina, Kasumi et al are actually rather fit."
The Daily Mirror opined that "the sexual titillation might be diverting for an 11-year-old boy as the panties flash and the boobs bounce but, in terms of content, it's hard to believe a scenario in which an 18-year-old Japanese girl like Kasumi, whose favourite food is strawberry yoghurt, would take on a 46-year-old American male professional wrestler and hope to win." Shawn Sines of GameFront used the images of Taki from Soulcalibur II and Kasumi from DOAX2 to illustrate the 2007 critical article about "the video game implementation of modeling female breasts" and used the Dead or Alive series as an example. In 2010, David Houghton of GamesRadar chose "Kazumi" [sic], Lara Croft and Soulcalibur's Ivy Valentine as examples of the female video game protagonists who are "all festering adolescent wank-fantasies". That same year, Jeff Marchiafava of Game Informer chose Kasumi as a character that Twilight character Edward Cullen would like because she "is underage". Wirtualna Polska also ranked Kasumi from Dead or Alive 4 as second only to Bayonetta among the "most unrealistic and sexist depictions of women in games". Rich Shivener of Joystick Division included "She Kicks High" at number four on his list of the most controversial video game commercials, writing: "In a way, Tecmo is making fun of itself for including excessive cleavage and the like in Dead or Alive games. At least they're honest—Kasumi totally does kick high, and her fellow femme fatales are flashy, too." In 2012, Kotaku's Harris O'Malley listed "Kasumi, Ayane or Ivy" as examples of objectified female characters in video games. Stephen Crane of Bitmob included Kasumi among "the most iconic female game characters" while arguing that almost all of which "have been incredibly sexualized". Josh Engen of Cheat Code Central used an image of Kasumi to illustrate the "frustrating (and incorrect) preconception" that gamers are sexist. The naked version of Alpha-152 was also included in GamesRadar's 2014 list of top seven "uncomfortably sexy video game AI characters".
The underage depiction of Kasumi and a feature in Dead or Alive: Dimensions called Figure Mode—which allows players to capture images of the characters from all angles and store them—were linked to Nintendo's decision to not sell the game in Sweden, allegedly due to the country's strict child pornography laws. Hearing of the Nordic ban and that Dimensions was being sold in Australia with a PG classification, the Minister for Home Affairs Brendan O'Connor and the Australian Classification Board re-examined the game and revoked its classification, although Nintendo Australia assured the board that the game contained no material which could be considered child pornography. Upon re-submission, the game was awarded the stronger (but not age-restricted) M classification and was re-released shortly after. The game's cover art, which featured a high-kicking Kasumi, was slightly altered for the United States release. Reports indicating it was done to appease the ESRB appeared, but a Tecmo Koei spokesperson claimed that "this whole thing is getting blown way out of proportion. The truth is that when we submitted the box art as-is from Japan, there were a few parties both internal and external who thought there might be some issue with the image. Nobody 'demanded' anything be changed, it was just pointed out. You have to pick your battles, and covering up that small bit of the image seemed to be harmless."
Kasumi has also been subject of a number of unofficial pornographic works including an erotic film starring Nao Oikawa, a pornographic machinima and a doujin erotic game with a CD featuring erotic vocal sample; 14 of the game's songs were also released separately. A fan mod adds Kasumi to Ultra Street Fighter IV, mapping her over Chun-Li.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kasumi.|
- "Kasumi (Dead or Alive)". Uk.ign.com. 2006-11-13. Retrieved 2013-08-14.
- "Characters - Voice Of Kasumi". Behindthevoiceactors.com. Retrieved 2013-08-14.
- "Kari Wahlgren : Resume". Kariwahlgren.net. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- "Lauren Landa Profile". Metacritic. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- "Beautiful Voice of DoA 5's Kasumi - Lauren Landa Stops by 1337LoungeLive". YouTube. 2013-02-19. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- "Dead or Alive: Dimensions - Voice of Kasumi Alpha". Behindthevoiceactors.com. 2011-05-24. Retrieved 2013-08-14.
- "Amanda Troop". Lacasting.com. Retrieved 2016-02-06.
- "Dead or Alive: Dimensions - Voice of Kasumi Alpha 152". Behindthevoiceactors.com. Retrieved 2013-08-14.
- "Sakura Tange Profile". Metacritic. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- "Houko Kuwashima Continues To Be Kasumi In Dead Or Alive Online, Cheers". EveryJoe. 2007-08-31. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- "Official Xbox Magazine Issue 46". Archive.org. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- Dead or Alive 2 game manual (Dreamcast version), page 18.
- "Computer and Video Games - Issue 199 (1998-06) (EMAP Images) (UK)". Archive.org. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- "Computer and Video Games - Issue 211 (1999-06) (EMAP Images) (UK)". Archive.org. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- Raymond Padilla, Itagaki Speaks on Dead or Alive Ultimate, GameSpy, May 16, 2004.
- Dead or Alive 4 manual, page 16.
- "Dead or Alive 5 Official Site: The story so far". Teamninja-studio.com. Retrieved 2013-08-14.
- "Dead or Alive 5 Official Site: Kasumi, The Kunoichi of Destiny". Teamninja-studio.com. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- Bryan Dawson, Dead or Alive 4 Prima Official Game Guide, Prima Games (2006), pages 26, 126.
- Brian Ashcraft, Gaming’s New Role Model: DoA’s Tomonobu Itagaki, Kotaku, July 25, 2006.
- "100 Most Intimidating Bosses In Video Games". Gamingbolt.com. Retrieved 2013-12-20.
- Randall Montanari, Dead or Alive 4 Walkthrough - Page 12, GameSpot.
- Brian Ashcraft, Is This the Full Dead or Alive 5 Roster?, Kotaku, March 23, 2012.
- Matt Edwards, Dead or Alive 5 review, Eurogamer, 25 September 2012.
- "Dead Or Alive 5". Cheatcc.com. Retrieved 2013-08-14.
- "Dead or Alive 5 Ultimate's Phase-4 Looks Very Different From Kasumi". Siliconera. 18 June 2014.
- "Team Ninja zapowiada kolejną postać do Dead or Alive 5: Ultimate » GameOnly". Gameonly.pl. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- "Kasumi clone 'Phase-4' joins Dead or Alive 5 Ultimate roster". Joystiq. 18 June 2014.
- Mike Fahey, Tecmo Deals iPhone DoA Kasumi Blackjack, Kotaku, June 12, 2009.
- ""第一回 DOAX3総選挙 〜ザック島行きチケット争奪戦〜"". Gamecity.ne.jp. Retrieved 2015-09-19.
- Christian Nutt, Tomonobu Itagaki on Ninja Gaiden - Page 4 Archived 2013-01-23 at Archive.is, GameSpy, August 23, 2003.
- Shelby Reiches, Kasumi Comes To Ninja Gaiden 3: Razor’s Edge, Cheat Code Central, 12/26/2012.
- Dave Cook, Ninja Gaiden 3: Razor’s Edge gets Kasumi DLC screens, VG247, December 7, 2012.
- Kasumi Has A Range Of Costumes In Ninja Gaiden 3: Razor’s Edge, Siliconera, December 26, 2012.
- "コーエーテクモゲームス、スマホ向け3Dアクションカードゲーム「100万人のNINJA GAIDEN」にて「DEAD OR ALIVE」とコラボ！ | vsmedia". Vsmedia.info. 2013-02-09. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- "Mobage「100万人のNINJA GAIDEN」Rioや「DEAD OR ALIVE」のヒトミが参戦するコラボレーショ ンイベントが開始｜Gamer". Gamer.ne.jp. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- "コーエーテクモゲームス、『100万人のNINJA GAIDEN』でパチスロRIOとDEAD OR ALIVEとのコラボイベント実施 | Social Game Info". Gamebiz.jp. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- Az Elias. "Warriors Orochi 3 Ultimate (PlayStation 4) Review". Cubed3.
- "First Screenshots Of Kasumi In Warriors Orochi 3 Ultimate". Siliconera. 2013-07-04. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
- "Warriors Orochi 3 Ultimate adds Kasumi". Gematsu. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
- Matsumoto Ryuichi, Ultimate」の最新情報公開。「DEAD OR ALIVE 5」のかすみが参戦決定。[permanent dead link], 4Gamer.net, June 21, 2013.
- ""Musou☆Stars" Crossover Game Mixes in the "Atelier" Series and More". Crunchyroll. 2016-09-06. Retrieved 2016-09-14.
- Kasumi from Dead or Alive plays golf, Siliconera, June 12, 2006.
- "Super Swing Golf: Season 2". Cheatcc.com. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- "As Close As We'll Get To Having Ryu And Dead Or Alive's Kasumi In A Hunting Game". Siliconera.com. 2013-10-02. Retrieved 2015-07-01.
- ""Dead or Alive 5" Fighters Join Sega's "Samurai & Dragons" Vita Game". Crunchyroll. 2013-08-07. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- "Dead Or Alive 5 Characters Are Crossing Into A Sega Game". Siliconera. 2013-08-07. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
- Hilary Goldstein, Girls of DOAU: Kasumi | The buxom ninja is set to take on all combatants with deadly speed. Archived 2011-07-13 at the Wayback Machine., IGN, September 27, 2004.
- Robert Mitchell, Phillip Thurtle, Data Made Flesh: Embodying Information, Routledge, 2004, page 154.
- Lisa Nakamura, Digitizing Race: Visual Cultures of the Internet, University of Minnesota Press, 2008, page 136.
- Chris Berry, So-yŏng Kim, Soyoung Kim, Lynn Spigel, Electronic Elsewheres: Media, Technology, and the Experience of Social Space, University of Minnesota Press, 2010, page 20.
- Dead or Alive 2 Schoolgirl Outfits Revealed, IGN, March 8, 2000.
- Itagaki Speaks! Archived 2009-02-26 at the Wayback Machine., 1UP.com, 2005.
- Jim Sterling, Ayane & Kasumi's new costumes in Dead or Alive Dimensions, Destructoid, 09.27.2010.
- "Official Sega Saturn Magazine Issue 26". Archive.org. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- "Alive & Heaving". Dreamcast Magazine issue 5, page 41.
- QuickJump QuickList: top ten Tomonobu Itagaki lines, QJ.net, November 12, 2007.
- XBox Nation Magazine, Winter 2002.
- Itagaki: The Kikizo Interview 2005 Archived 2016-03-19 at the Wayback Machine., Video Games Daily, February 15, 2005.
- Christian Nutt, Tomonobu Itagaki on Ninja Gaiden - Page 5 Archived 2013-01-23 at Archive.is, GameSpy, August 23, 2003.
- David Taylor, Tomonobu Itagaki at the Championship Gaming Series Final, Gaming Target, August 2, 2007.
- "Tomonobu Itagaki Interview: Dead or Alive Ultimate | Features | Digital Entertainment News". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 2012-02-29. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- Tecmo Wins Against Nude DOA2 Hackers, GamePro, September 3, 2002.
- Tom Bramwell, Tecmo wins naked Kasumi court case, Eurogamer, 1 October 2004.
- "Dead or Alive". Hardcore Gaming 101. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
- "DoA 5 Last Round's 5 Training Suit Kasumi Nude Mod". Lewdgamer.com. 2015-04-15. Retrieved 2015-07-01.
- Kasumi's New Look In Dead or Alive 5 Is A Bit More Grown Up, Siliconera, March 12, 2012.
- Matt Cundy, Dead or Alive 5: Check out the redesigned and more mature Kasumi (in a bikini), GamesRadar, August 29, 2012.
- "この秋をアツく盛り上げるPS3の3D対戦格闘ゲームを徹底紹介!｜ファミ通.com". Famitsu.com. Retrieved 2015-10-11.
- "Tomonobu Itagaki On Dead or Alive 5: "My Daughter Was Totally Ruined"". Siliconera.com. 2014-12-02. Retrieved 2015-07-01.
- Anthony Chau, Dead or Alive 3 - xbox - Walkthrough and Guide - Page 23, GameSpy, January 15, 2001.
- Matthew Rorie, Dead or Alive 4 Walkthrough - Page 5, GameSpot.
- Chau, Anthony (2001-11-27). "DOA 3 Fighter Of The Day: Kasumi - IGN". Uk.ign.com. Retrieved 2014-06-08.
- Andrew Alfonso, Dead or Alive Ultimate - xbox - Walkthrough and Guide - Page 19, GameSpy, January 24, 2004.
- Anoop Gantayat and Jeremy Conrad, Dead or Alive 2 Strategy Guide: Kasumi, Snowball.com/IGNguides, 2000.
- GamesRadar US (2012-06-23). "The games that shaped a generation: Xbox". GamesRadar. Retrieved 2013-12-21.
- David McCutcheon, Dead or Alive 4 - xbox360 - Walkthrough and Guide - Page 7, GameSpy, January 24, 2006.
- James, Dean (2015-02-18). "Top Dead Or Alive 5 Last Round Fighters For Beginners". Attack of the Fanboy. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- Dead or Alive Xtreme 2 manual, page 2.
- EGM issue 160, page 186.
- "Official Xbox Magazine Issue 16". Archive.org. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- X360 Magazine UK 97, page 75.
- Andrew Alfonso, E3 2006: Tomonobu Itagaki Interview, IGN, May 8, 2006.
- "Rogue" Set Visit: Devon Aoki Dishes "DOA," Learning Japanese, and Buff RTers, Rotten Tomatoes, June 7, 2006.
- Dr. Craig Reid, DOA: "Dead or Alive," "Dead on Arrival," or "Drive Oonce Again?", KungFuMagazine.com, 2007.
- 文・取材・撮影:ライター (2014-09-22). "強豪プレイヤーによるアツいバトル！『デッド オア アライブ 5 ラスト ラウンド』 エキシビジョンマッチの様子をお届け！！【TGS 2014】 - ファミ通.com". Famitsu.com. Retrieved 2015-10-11.
- "Il cosplay della settimana: Kasumi - Notizia - Cosplay". Multiplayer.it. 2015-04-27. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- "Топ-10 горячих штучек из файтинга Dead or Alive 5". Playground.ru. 2012-09-24. Retrieved 2015-10-11.
- Anoop Gantayat and Jeremy Conrad, Dead or Alive 2 Strategy Guide: Cool Stuff, Snowball.com/IGNguides, 2000.
- Brian Ashcraft, Catch These Dead or Alive Figures!, Kotaku, September 4, 2008.
- Brian Ashcraft, Beautiful Kasumi Destroyed By Nasty Feet, Kotaku, August 18, 2006.
- Michael McWhertor, Finally, A Somewhat New Kasumi Figure Archived 2010-05-28 at the Wayback Machine., Kotaku, July 24, 2007.
- 岡本玄介. "『デッドオアアライブ』かすみの爆乳エロ顔フィギュア（ギャラリー） ｜ コタク・ジャパン". Kotaku.jp. Retrieved 2015-10-11.
- UGO Team (2011-02-17). "Toy Fair 2011: Video Game Toys by Kotobukiya". Ugo.com. Archived from the original on August 29, 2012. Retrieved 2013-08-14.
- Brian Ashcraft, New Dead Or Alive, Brings New Dead Or Alive Crap, Kotaku, January 30, 2007.
- Michael McWhertor, DOAX’s Kasumi Paint Job Studied, Kotaku, April 2, 2007.
- Luke Plunkett, Dead Or Alive, Kasumi’s A Pricey Figure, Kotaku, November 30, 2010.
- "Koto Resurrects Phoenix, Dead or Alive". IGN.
- Brian Ashcraft, Plastic Sexploitation Archived 2009-04-15 at the Wayback Machine., Kotaku, September 7, 2005.
- "Heat Up This Christmas With These Dead Or Alive 5 Swimsuit Posters". Siliconera. 2013-10-25. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
- 岡本玄介. "『DOA』かすみフィギュアは...ビキニ！（写真ギャラリー） ｜ コタク・ジャパン". Kotaku.jp. Retrieved 2015-10-11.
- Brian Ashcraft, Dead or Alive PSP Game Bundled With Sexy Kasumi Statue, Kotaku, December 18, 2009.
- Tyler Nagata, Kasumi doll does battle in her underwear, GamesRadar, June 3, 2010.
- Tyler Nagata, Kasumi doll does battle in her underwear | PVC figure brings Dead or Alive's assets to life, GamesRadar, June 3, 2010.
- Brian Ashcraft, Kasumi Toy Stripped Topless, Kotaku, February 1, 2008.
- Anoop Gantayat, The Ultimate Face Plate: Kasumi gives you a good reason to buy a second memory card., IGN, October 18, 2006.
- GMR 8 (September - 2003), page 16.
- Brain Crecente, Play with Kasumi's Breasts for $25, Kotaku, February 15, 2005.
- "Official Xbox Magazine Issue 101". Archive.org. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- Brian Ashcraft, Dead or Alive Mugs With 3D Humps, Kotaku, December 5, 2007.
- Brian Ashcraft, KOTAKU JAPAN: A Kasumi for a Randy Johnson?, Kotaku, July 11, 2005.
- "DEAD OR ALIVE 5 STICK FOR PS3". Play-asia.com. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
- "DEAD OR ALIVE 5 STICK FOR XBOX360". Play-asia.com. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
- "GameSpy: DoA Ultimate LE Xbox Hardware - Page 1". Xbox.gamespy.com. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- Brian Ashcraft, Kasumi Pillows Overshadow 360 Console Archived 2009-12-27 at the Wayback Machine., Kotaku, November 24, 2005.
- "Official Xbox Magazine Issue 32". Archive.org. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- "Kasumi pillow - Show me the merchandise". Virginmedia.com. Retrieved 2013-10-02.
- Chris Kohler, Getting in Bed With the Customer, Wired.com, 02.06.04.
- Lifesize Kasumi Pillow to be Included in DOA Ultimate Xbox Bundle, GamePro, February 3, 2004.
- "Buy Xbox Dead or Alive Ultimate Controller - Kasumi Edition (GFF-5159)". Gameforfun.com. Archived from the original on 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2013-08-14.
- Anoop Gantaya, Kasumi, Hitomi Appear on Bijin Tokei, Andriasang.com, 2010-03-31.
- "Ślicznotka na "dzień dobry" - Gry w INTERIA.PL - recenzje, zapowiedzi". Gry.interia.pl. Archived from the original on 2016-01-08. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- Brian Ashcraft, More Dead Or Alive Literature, Kotaku, February 26, 2007.
- PJ Hruschak (July 16, 2007). "Japanese Import: Dead or Alive photo book featuring Kasumi". TechnologyTell.
- Gavin Ogden, Get your DOA Kasumi credit card now!, CVG UK, 1st February 2007.
- "「DOAパラダイス♪」でかすみフィギュアが当たるキャンペーン実施 - 電撃オンライン". Dengekionline.com. Retrieved 2016-02-06.
- David Karlin, DoA4 Pre-Order Goodies Archived 2013-01-16 at Archive.is, 1UP.com, 11/14/2005.
- Damian Antony Seeto, Pre-Order Dead or Alive 5 And Get A Special iPhone Case Pre-Order Dead or Alive 5 And Get A Special iPhone Case, Just Push Start, August 3, 2012.
- Dead or Alive 5 Gets 3D Mousepads, Anime News Network, 2012-10-20.
- Jenni Lada, Dead or Alive 5 pillow cases coming to Japan, GamerTell, December 11, 2012.
- "Dead or Alive 5 Postcard School Calendar 2013". Hlj.com. 2012-01-02. Retrieved 2013-08-14.
- "Dead or Alive Ultimate Anthology Comic". Hlj.com. 2012-01-02. Retrieved 2013-08-14.
- Dead or Alive 5 Ultimate Gets Sultry (And Expensive!) Special Editions In Japan, Siliconera, July 5, 2013.
- Andrew Yoon, Dead or Alive 5 Ultimate: Core Fighters is free-to-play, coming to PS3, Shacknews.com, June 3, 2013.
- Mike Jackson, EU: Dead or Alive 5 Ultimate gets pre-order-only costumes, CVG UK, 12th July 2013.
- Dead or Alive 5 Ultimate Orochi DLC Costumes to Be Bundled with Musou Orochi 2 Ultimate in Japan, Shoryuken, August 30, 2013.
- "Gamekyo : DOA Last Round : images et vidéos". Gamekyo.com. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Dead or Alive 5: Last Round: Release-Datum für PS4 und Xbox One + Vorbesteller-Boni enthüllt" (in German). Gameplorer.de. October 24, 2014.
- Mike Futter (October 23, 2014). "Dead Or Alive 5: Last Round Coming February With Free Trials In Tow". www.GameInformer.com.
- "Dead or Alive 5: Last Round gets DLC costumes designed by The World God Only Knows creator". Gematsu. 2014-07-31. Retrieved 2015-09-20.
- "Team NINJA on Twitter: "Kasumi is Laegrinna, the Princess of Darkness. A daughter of the Devil, like Velguirie. #DOA5LR"". Twitter.com. 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2015-09-20.
- "DEAD OR ALIVE 5 Last Round: arrivano i costumi Falcom - Another Castle". Anothercastle.it. 2015-09-14. Retrieved 2015-09-20.
- "Transforming Schoolgirls Strike Dead or Alive 5 with New Costume Crossover". Push Square. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- "Dead or Alive 5 Last Round Gets Tatsunoko Mash-Up Costumes, New Screenshots Released". Wccftech.com. Archived from the original on 2016-02-07. Retrieved 2016-02-06.
- "DEAD OR ALIVE 5 LAST ROUND - MAI SHIRANUI DEBUT TRAILER". YouTube. Retrieved 2016-09-14.
- "クイーンズゲイト公式ホームページ". Queensblade.net. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- "Anime & Figures - Queen's Gate the Destiny Kunoichi Kasumi 1/8 PVC figure by Hobby Japan". Neko Magic. 2010-06-01. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- Geoffrey Barnes, Cover Art Chronicles: She Kicks High, Damage Control, March 25, 2011.
- Official Xbox Magazine 22, page 22.
- "25 nhân vật nữ khiến các game thủ nam "mất tập trung" nhất | Đánh giá - Phóng sự | Thanh Niên Game". Game.thanhnien.com.vn. Archived from the original on 2015-07-01. Retrieved 2015-07-01.
- Brian Ashcraft, Just Like That, Dead or Alive’s Kasumi Comes Alive, Kotaku, August 22, 2012.
- "WomenGamers.Com - Digital Women - Kasumi of Dead or Alive". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 2008-05-21. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- "Gallery: Cosplayers Dream Big at Tokyo Game Show". WIRED. 2010-09-20. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- Computer & Video Games 199 (June 1998), page 7.
- Sega Saturn Magazine 37 (November 1998).
- N64 Magazine issue 56, page 9.
- Revista Oficial Dreamcast 9, page 72.
- DC Magazine 9 (September 2000) page 44.
- "Video Games Daily | News: Dead or Alive Ultimate: Kasumi Special!". Archive.videogamesdaily.com. 2004-03-23. Retrieved 2015-09-20.
- Official Xbox Magazine 40, page 112.
- Retro Gamer 120, page 83.
- "1990年代ヒロインリスト｜エンタミクス". Famitsu.com. Retrieved 2016-02-06.
- Brian Ashcraft, This Kasumi Is Totally Bogus, Kotaku, July 16, 2006.
- Adam Doree, Team Ninja Interview: Tomonobu Itagaki, Video Games Daily, May 27, 2004.
- "DEAD OR ALIVE 5 Last Round タペストリー キャラ投票". Gamecity.ne.jp. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Dressed To Kill, Sexiest Finish, Viewers' Choice Best Booty". G4. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
- Official Xbox Magazine 40, page 36.
- Luke Plankett, Kasumi Emerges VIctorious From G-Phoria Awards, Kotaku, August 10, 2007.
- Stephen Johnson, G-Phoria Results are IN!, G4tv.com, August 8, 2007.
- "不知火舞成为玩家最想表白的角色 COS赏_网络游戏新闻_17173.com中国游戏第一门户站". News.17173.com. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- Roger Żochowski, Finał Miss Gier Wideo: Aya vs Kasumi! Miss Gier Wideo: miażdżąca wygrana w finale!, PPE.PL, 2012-09-09.
- Rob Wright, The 50 Greatest Female Characters in Video Game History, Tom's Games, 2007-02-20.
- "Film/TV - Top 11 Video Game Heroine Hotties 10. Kasumi (Dead or Alive)". Web.archive.org. 2007-03-06. Archived from the original on 2007-03-06. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- Chris Buffa, Top 25 Hottest Game Babes, GameDaily, March 21, 2008.
- Dead or Alive Paradise Kasumi Trailer, G4tv.com, March 5, 2010.
- "Top 10 hottest redheads in games | PLAY Magazine". Play-mag.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-01-17.
- Steve and Larson, Top 10 Ninjas in ALL of Gaming!, Machinima (YouTube), February 12, 2011.
- Gelo Gonzales, 9 Sexiest Ninja Babes in Games Archived 2012-04-01 at the Wayback Machine., FHM, March 29, 2012.
- "Top 10 Video Game Ninjas". WatchMojo.com. May 17, 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-15.
- "The Truth About Ninjas | Kotaku Australia". Kotaku.com.au. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- "Official Sega Saturn Magazine Issue 26". Archive.org. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- James Hawkins, The Top Ten Sexiest Video Game Characters, Joystick Division, March 18, 2010.
- Gameplayer Staff, The Top 50 Xbox Characters of All Time Archived 2010-10-06 at the Wayback Machine., The Age, September 30, 2008.
- Thilo Bayer (January 1, 2008), PCGH history: The most important female characters in games, PC Games Hardware.
- Gaming's Greatest Patriots: Team Japan, GameDaily, May 19, 2009.
- "15 dziewczyn, które skopią Ci tyłek!". Gry.wp.pl. Archived from the original on 2011-03-13. Retrieved 2014-01-17.
- "Wii: Top 25 de tías buenas de videojuegos". Es.ign.com. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- "Top 10 Fighting Game Characters". WatchMojo.com. September 24, 2012. Retrieved 2013-10-15.
- nurun.com. "Ultimate fighting game champion crowned | Pembroke Daily Observer". Thedailyobserver.ca. Retrieved 2016-02-06.
- "Top 10 Female Fighting Game Characters". WatchMojo.com. Retrieved 2015-07-01.
- "PPE TOP 10 — Najlepsze kobiece stroje w grach - Publicystyka - PlayStation, Xbox, Wii - Portal PSX Extreme". Ppe.pl. Archived from the original on 24 December 2014. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- Arcadia issue 2 page 189.
- Mega Fun 2000-4, p. 19.
- Championship Gaming Invitational Interview: Margorie "Kasumi Chan" Bartell, IGN, August 15, 2006.
- Kayane Interviews DOA5 Team Archived 2013-10-04 at the Wayback Machine., Put That Back, August 17, 2012.
- "GAIL SIMONE on Twitter: "Yes! Kasumi rules! RT @bojak90 @GailSimone Is it as cracktastic as we all hoped?"". Twitter. 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- "GAIL SIMONE on Twitter: "Chun Li. Kasumi. Batgirl. Nina. @pt_Cena"". Twitter. 2013-11-14. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- "电视游戏史上最性感的五位女性角色！_杂谈评析_太平洋游戏网". Pcgames.com.cn. Retrieved 2016-02-06.
- "游戏女神的人生故事（四）_网易游戏频道". Play.163.com. Retrieved 2016-02-06.
- "Những nhân vật nữ nổi tiếng nhất trong làng game. Gamer Worlds - XãLuận.com Tin Nóng". Xaluan.com. Retrieved 2016-02-06.
- Chris Carle, Videogame Babe of the Day: Kasumi | DOA X2 Week kicks off with Itagaki's favorite lady., IGN, November 13, 2006.
- TeamXbox Staff, Top Ten Xbox Babes Archived 2012-10-21 at the Wayback Machine., TeamXbox, June 30th, 2004.
- "Hotties in the Xbox Universe - Xbox". TeamXbox. 2009-02-09. Archived from the original on 2012-06-07. Retrieved 2011-11-07.
- Chris Reiter, PlayStation 2: Heroes, Villains, Babes, and Bad Boys - Part 2, Gaming Target, October 28, 2005.
- "最も美しい闘う女性ゲームキャラクタートップ25". Gigazine. 2011-04-23. Retrieved 2015-10-11.
- Aubrey Sitterson, Fighting Games' Finest Female Fighters Archived 2011-01-17 at the Wayback Machine., UGO.com, January 14, 2011.
- "As 10 personagens mais sexy dos video games" (in Portuguese). Tecmundo.com.br. December 7, 2012. Retrieved 2014-03-02.
- Kristie Bertucci, 20 hottest female video game characters (list), Gadget Review, 5 July 2012.
- Top 5 - Game babes, ZoominGames on YouTube, January 9, 2012.
- "Top 5 - Asian girls in gaming". YouTube. 2013-01-09. Retrieved 2015-09-20.
- "Top 25 Hottest Video Game Girls of All Time | Page 24 of 26 | CheatCodes.com Extra". Cheatcodes.com. 2013-10-21. Retrieved 2013-11-28.
- "Celebrity Death Match: Lara Croft Vs. The World | MTV UK". Mtv.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- Gavin Mackenzie, Dead Or Alive 5 – Top 10 things you can expect to see, PLAY Magazine, 4 August 2010.
- Official PlayStation Magazine (Australia) 5, page 12.
- Chris Buffa, Babe of the Week: Babes We're Thankful For, GameDaily, November 26, 2008.
- Girl Power: These Chicks Will Kick Your Ass, GameDaily, 3/8/2009.
- Robert Workman, Babe of the Week: Asian Beauties, GameDaily, February 6, 2009.
- Babe of the Week: Kasumi, GameDaily, December 7, 2007.
- UGO Team, Top 50 Videogame Hotties Archived 2010-05-10 at the Wayback Machine., UGO.com, May 8, 2010.
- "Kasume Dead or Alive - Hot Girls in Bikinis - UGO.com". Web.archive.org. 2010-09-05. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved 2015-09-20.
- Tenacious Moses, The Top Asses in Gaming, GamePro, January 5, 2007.
- James Hawkins, The Top Ten Greatest Asses In Video Game History, Joystick Division, March 10, 2011.
- Ross Lincoln (May 5, 2011). "The Greatest Boobs In Video Game History (Gallery)". GameFront.
- Rich Shivener, 10 Incredible Chests in Video Games, Joystick Division, August 1, 2011.
- "宅男福音 秀色可餐 细数游戏中的5大"凶器"_网易游戏频道". Play.163.com. 2011-09-14. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- Zachary Miller, Fave Five... Chesty Heroines on Nintendo Systems, Nintendo World Report, February 24, 2012.
- Tom's GamesTom's HardwareUtente (2013-09-09). "Kasumi – Dead or Alive - Tom's Hardware". Tomshw.it. Retrieved 2016-02-06.
- PlanetStation 61 page 32.
- "Seksowne panie w grach komputerowych. Sexy dziewczyny z gier. Sexy bohaterki gier komputerowych". Fakt.pl. Archived from the original on 2013-12-06. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- Jakub Kralka, TOP-10: Najseksowniejsze bohaterki gier wideo!, benchmark.pl, 2009-07-19.
- "Najseksowniejsze bohaterki gier 2012 roku - galerie - Gry w INTERIA.PL - najlepsze nowe gry, kody, gra". Web.archive.org. 2012-12-31. Archived from the original on December 31, 2012. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- Ondřej Škoch (4 December 2008). "Nejlepí òadra ze svìta poèítaèových her" (in Czech). iDNES.cz.
- Retropolis 27, page 45.
- Iqbal, Jeko (2015-02-19). "10 Karakter Game Wanita Oriental yang Cantik nan Seksi". Teknoliputan6.com. Retrieved 2015-07-01.
- "DOA: Dead or Alive". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2013-10-02.
- Peter Rubin, The 15 Hottest Women In Video Game Movies, Complex, February 16, 2011.
- Noelani Torre, "Babes in videoland", Philippine Daily Inquirer, September 30, 2006.
- "They're armed & frivolous". NY Daily News. 2007-06-16. Retrieved 2013-10-02.
- Mikel Reparaz, The 16 most awesomely bad videogame movie moments, GamesRadar, April 29, 2009.
- "Devon Aoki in DOA: Dead or Alive". UGO.com. 2010-09-14. Archived from the original on 2013-12-06. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- Artur "Nite" Janczak, GameGirl of The Week - Kasumi, Gildia.pl, 21 May 2010.
- "Official Xbox Magazine Issue 77". Archive.org. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- Roger Moore, DOA: Dead or Alive is DBR: Dumb as a bag of rocks, Orlando Sentinel, June 15, 2007.
- "Dead or Alive". Hardcore Gaming 101. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
- Marca Player 9 page 52.
- Brian Ashcraft, Dead or Alive’s Sexualized Females Aren’t Going Anywhere, Kotaku, August 22, 2012.
- ": Official Xbox Magazine - Issue 005 (2002-07) (Future Publishing) (UK)". Archive.org. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- ""Games: UPLIFTING FEELING" - The Mirror (London, England), July 14, 2000 | Online Research Library". Questia. Retrieved 2015-10-11.
- Shawn Sines, Breast Physics: A Growing Social Problem?, GameFront, July 27, 2007.
- David Houghton, Are video games really sexist?, GamesRadar, January 19, 2010.
- Jeff Marchiafava, Games The Characters Of Twilight Would Like, Game Informer, July 8, 2010.
- "2. Kasumi (Dead or Alive 4, 2005): Najbardziej nierealistyczne i seksistowskie wizerunki kobiet w grach". Gry.wp.pl. Archived from the original on 2010-06-01. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
- Rich Shivener, 6 Video Games Ads Your Mom Will Also Hate, Joystick Division, January 31, 2011.
- Harris O'Malley, Nerds and Male Privilege Part 2: Deconstructing the Arguments, Kotaku, January 6, 2012.
- Stephen Crane, Sexism in portrayals of video-game characters Archived 2013-01-16 at the Wayback Machine., Bitmob.com, February 1, 2012.
- Josh Engen, Top 10 Frustrating (and Incorrect) Preconceptions About Video Game, CCC, August 21, 2012.
- GamesRadar Staff (10 February 2014). "The Top 7… Uncomfortably sexy video game AI characters". GamesRadar.
- Tyler Nagata, or Alive Dimensions won’t release in Sweden due to child pornography laws[permanent dead link], GamesRadar, May 24, 2011.
- Asher Moses, Nintendo game banned after child porn concerns, smh.com.au, June 10, 2011.
- Alan Bell, Dead or Alive: Dimensions - Re-Rated in Australia, NZGamer.com, 22 June 2011.
- Luke Plunkett, American Censors Cover Up Dead Or Alive’s Shameful Inner Thigh, Kotaku, March 23, 2011.
- Chris Pereira, Dead or Alive 3DS Box Change Not ESRB-Mandated Archived 2013-03-18 at the Wayback Machine., 1UP.com, 03/24/2011.
- Brian Ashcraft (April 17, 2012). "Japanese Porn Is Overdosing on Video Games and Anime". Kotaku.com. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
- "The People Who Make Brutal Video Game Porn". Kotaku.com. 2015-01-24. Retrieved 2015-07-01.
- Brian Ashcraft, Dead or Alive Jubblies Plundered for CD, Kotaku, October 4, 2007.
- Ward, Robert (2015-07-07). "Mod Brings Dead or Alive Characters To Street Fighter IV". Siliconera. Retrieved 2015-09-20.