Katakolo

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Katakolo
Κατάκολο
Promenade of Katakolo
Promenade of Katakolo
Katakolo is located in Greece
Katakolo
Katakolo
Coordinates: 37°39′N 21°19′E / 37.650°N 21.317°E / 37.650; 21.317Coordinates: 37°39′N 21°19′E / 37.650°N 21.317°E / 37.650; 21.317
CountryGreece
Administrative regionWest Greece
Regional unitElis
MunicipalityPyrgos
Municipal unitPyrgos
Community
 • Population513 (2011)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Katakolo (Greek: Κατάκολο) is a seaside town in the municipality of Pyrgos in western Elis, Greece. It is situated on a headland overlooking the Ionian Sea and separating the Gulf of Kyparissia from the rest of the Ionian. It is 11 km (6.8 mi) west of Pyrgos. The small village of Agios Andreas, which in ancient times was the natural harbour for Ancient Olympia, lies northwest of Katakolo.

History[edit]

In the Middle Ages, Katakolo was the site of the fortress of Pontikon or Pontikokastro (Ποντικόν, Ποντικόκαστρο), which the Frankish rulers of the Principality of Achaea called Beauvoir or Belveder.[2] The fortress was built by the Byzantines and taken over by the Franks ca. 1205.[3]

Climate[edit]

Katakolo has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csa), with hot, dry summers and mild winters with significant rainfall.

Climate data for Katakolo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 14.16
(57.49)
14.24
(57.63)
15.49
(59.88)
17.81
(64.06)
21.97
(71.55)
25.85
(78.53)
28.71
(83.68)
29.03
(84.25)
26.60
(79.88)
22.76
(72.97)
18.73
(65.71)
16.06
(60.91)
20.95
(69.71)
Daily mean °C (°F) 11.15
(52.07)
11.12
(52.02)
12.47
(54.45)
15.00
(59.00)
18.88
(65.98)
22.62
(72.72)
25.42
(77.76)
25.63
(78.13)
23.12
(73.62)
19.4
(66.9)
15.83
(60.49)
13.08
(55.54)
17.81
(64.06)
Average low °C (°F) 8.00
(46.40)
7.93
(46.27)
8.88
(47.98)
11.05
(51.89)
14.31
(57.76)
17.49
(63.48)
19.69
(67.44)
20.48
(68.86)
18.33
(64.99)
15.44
(59.79)
12.4
(54.3)
9.69
(49.44)
13.64
(56.55)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 124.95
(4.92)
109.12
(4.30)
82.01
(3.23)
41.01
(1.61)
12.27
(0.48)
2.49
(0.10)
2.36
(0.09)
5.38
(0.21)
17.08
(0.67)
73.93
(2.91)
140.53
(5.53)
146.33
(5.76)
757.46
(29.81)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 137.87 145.47 192.92 229.81 293.62 339.19 376.36 336.82 265.03 214.05 151.74 125.47 2,808.35
Source: Hellenic National Meteorological Service[4]


Visitor attractions[edit]

The port of Katakolo is a popular stop for cruise ships, offering an opportunity for passengers to visit the site of Olympia. Low hills with forests surround Katakolo. Visitors here have the opportunity to visit the ancient port of Olympia, the sunken ancient city of Pheia.[5] Ancient Pheia was on the other side of the mountain of Ichthys, now Agios Andreas, within walking distance of Katakolo port. The lighthouse of Katakolo was built in 1865. One of the most important sites of Katakolo is the Museum of Ancient Greek Technology.

Katakolo has a big market. It consists of more than sixty shops. Cafeterias, restaurants, clothing and traditional Greek products.

The remains of the medieval Pontikokastro/Belvedere/Beauvoir castle still stand on a hilltop northeast of the modern port, but the castle is mostly ruined and its original appearance can only be surmised.[6]

Historical population[edit]

Year Population of Katakolo
1991 594
2001 601
2011 513

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

A railway station connects Katakolo with Pyrgos and Olympia.[7]

Notable people[edit]

  • Carolos Cantounis aka. Magic Mizrahi (1983-) Jewish music producer of electronic music, well-known in Latin America & Israel.
  • Pavlos Haikalis (1949–) actor and member of parliament
  • Yiannis Latsis (1910–2003) shipping tycoon

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. ^ Bon 1969, pp. 328–330.
  3. ^ Bon 1969, pp. 66, 663.
  4. ^ http://climatlas.hnms.gr/sdi. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ "Destruction of Olympia's Ancient Harbour Site by a Tsunami Impact" (PDF). CIESM Congress. 2010. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  6. ^ Bon 1969, pp. 663–665.
  7. ^ TrainOSE, accessed 10 October 2016
  8. ^ "Katakolon, Greece". KUKUVAYA Ideas. Retrieved 2020-12-23.

References[edit]

External links[edit]