Katarina Barley

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Katarina Barley
Katarina Barley-4934.jpg
Minister of Justice and Consumer Protection
Assumed office
14 March 2018
ChancellorAngela Merkel
Preceded byHeiko Maas
Minister of Labour and Social Affairs
In office
28 September 2017 – 14 March 2018
Acting
ChancellorAngela Merkel
Preceded byAndrea Nahles
Succeeded byHubertus Heil
Minister of Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth
In office
2 June 2017 – 14 March 2018
ChancellorAngela Merkel
Preceded byManuela Schwesig
Succeeded byFranziska Giffey
General Secretary of the Social Democratic Party
In office
11 December 2015 – 2 June 2017
LeaderSigmar Gabriel
Martin Schulz
Preceded byYasmin Fahimi
Succeeded byHubertus Heil
Member of the Bundestag
for Trier and Trier-Saarburg
Assumed office
22 September 2013
Personal details
Born (1968-11-19) 19 November 1968 (age 50)
Cologne, West Germany (now Germany)
Political partySocial Democratic Party
Alma materUniversity of Marburg
University of South Paris
University of Münster
Signature

Katarina Barley (born 19 November 1968) is a German politician and lawyer who is the current Federal Minister of Justice and Consumer Protection in the fourth Cabinet of Angela Merkel. She served as Federal Minister of Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth from 2 June 2017[1] and as acting Federal Minister of Labour and Social Affairs from 28 September 2017, both until 14 March 2018.[2]

A member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany, she has served as a member of the Bundestag since 2013 and was Secretary-General of her party from 2015 to 2017. She holds law degrees from France and Germany and a doctorate in European law, and formerly worked as a corporate lawyer with the law firm Wessing & Berenberg-Gossler in Hamburg, as a judge and as a governmental legal adviser. Barley holds citizenship of both Germany and Britain.[3]

Background[edit]

Barley grew up in Cologne; her father was a British-born journalist who worked with the English-language service of Germany's international broadcaster, the Deutsche Welle, and her mother was a German physician.[4] From birth she only held British citizenship and acquired German citizenship some years later.[5] She is fluent in German, English and French.[6]

Her father (born 1935) was originally from Lincolnshire.[7][8] She has said her father grew up in a working class family on a very small and simple farm that lacked electricity, and that he was awarded a scholarship to attend university after being discovered as a talented pupil by his teacher; however after being turned down by the University of Cambridge for "not having the right accent, the right clothes," he decided as a matter of principle to turn his back on British universities and move to West Germany to attend university instead; he first moved to Hanover and later to West Berlin, where he found society to be more egalitarian and progressive. In Germany he met Barley's mother and was employed as a journalist with Deutsche Welle's English service in Cologne after graduating. Her mother (born 1940) belonged to an upper middle class family from eastern Germany and was the daughter of an engineer in the automotive industry; her family fled the Red Army in 1945 and came as refugees from stalinism to western Germany.[7] Barley has said that she had a happy childhood, but that she grew up with a strong sense of social justice, influenced by her parents' experiences. Although neither of her parents were born in that part of Europe, she identifies culturally as a Rhinelander.[5][9]

Education and early career[edit]

Barley studied at the University of Marburg and the University of Paris-Sud. She graduated with a French law degree (Diplôme de droit français) in 1990 and a German law degree in 1993. In 1998 she earned a doctoral degree in European law at the University of Münster. Supervised by Bodo Pieroth, her thesis was on the constitutional right of citizens of the European Union to vote in municipal elections.

She was called to the bar in 1998 and worked as a lawyer with the major Hamburg corporate law firm Wessing & Berenberg-Gossler (now Taylor Wessing, following the merger with a British law firm) until 1999. She then worked as a legal adviser for the state government of Rhineland-Palatinate until 2001, when she became an assistant to constitutional judge Renate Jaeger in Karlsruhe. She worked in Luxembourg as a German representative to the Maison de la Grande Région/Haus der Großregion, a cooperation forum for Luxembourg and neighbouring German, French and Belgian regions, from 2005 to 2006.

From 2007 to 2008 she was a judge of the Trier district court and at the Wittlich local court. From 2008 to 2013 she was an adviser on bioethics to the Rhineland-Palatinate State Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection. She left this position when she was elected to Parliament in 2013.[10]

Political career[edit]

Katarina Barley

Barley joined the Social Democratic Party of Germany in 1994.[8]

In her parliamentary work, Barley represents the constituency of Trier for the Social Democratic Party of Germany.

Barley served as a member of the parliament’s Council of Elders, which – among other duties – determines daily legislative agenda items and assigning committee chairpersons based on party representation. She was also a member of the parliamentary body in charge of appointing judges to the Highest Courts of Justice, namely the Federal Court of Justice (BGH), the Federal Administrative Court (BVerwG), the Federal Fiscal Court (BFH), the Federal Labour Court (BAG), and the Federal Social Court (BSG). In 2014, she was appointed to serve on the Committee on the Election of Judges (Wahlausschuss), which is in charge of appointing judges to the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany. On the Committee on Legal Affairs and Consumer Protection, she served as her parliamentary group's rapporteur on voluntary euthanasia.

In 2014, Barley briefly served as a member of the Committee on the Affairs of the European Union. In addition to her committee assignments, she is a member of the German-British Parliamentary Friendship Group.

Within the SPD parliamentary group, Barley belongs to the Parliamentary Left, a left-wing movement.[11]

In 2015, Barley was proposed by party chairman Sigmar Gabriel to succeed Yasmin Fahimi in the role of general secretary of the SPD, one of the party's most senior positions.[12] From March 2017, she served under the leadership of Martin Schulz and managed the launch of the party’s campaign for the national elections.

Federal Minister, 2017–present[edit]

In May 2017, Schulz announced that Barley would succeed Manuela Schwesig as Federal Minister of Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth for the remainder of the legislative term until the elections.[13] She was appointed on 2 June. She additionally became acting Federal Minister of Labour and Social Affairs on 28 September 2017, when Andrea Nahles stepped down to become the parliamentary leader of the SPD.[14]

On 9 March 2018 Barley was named by Andrea Nahles and Olaf Scholz to succeed Heiko Maas as Minister of Justice and Consumer Protection in the fourth coalition government under the leadership of Chancellor Angela Merkel, sworn in on 14 March 2018.[15]

In October 2018, the SPD announced that Barley will be the party’s lead candidate for the 2019 European elections.[16]

Political positions[edit]

Barley is a member of the Europa-Union Deutschland.[17] In October 2018, she demanded to end the border controls at the German-Austrian border that Germany introduced as a reaction to the European migrant crisis "soon" to ensure a "working European Single Market". She called for a "European solution" and protection of the European external borders instead.[18]

Other activities[edit]

  • German Forum for Crime Prevention (DFK), Ex-Officio Member of the Board of Trustees (since 2018)[19]
  • Magnus Hirschfeld Foundation, Ex-Officio Chairwoman of the Board of Trustees (since 2018)[20]
  • ZDF, Member of the Television Board (since 2016), Member of the Program Committee[21]
  • German Association for Small and Medium-Sized Businesses (BVMW), Member of the Political Advisory Board (since 2016)
  • Institute for European Politics (IEP), Member of the Board of Trustees
  • Wilhelm Dröscher Prize, Member of the Board of Trustees
  • Trier University of Applied Sciences, Member of the Board of Trustees[22]
  • German United Services Trade Union (ver.di), Member

Personal life[edit]

Barley's former husband Antonio, a lawyer, is a dual Spanish and Dutch citizen with a Spanish father and a Dutch mother; they met when they both studied in Paris and have two sons.[23][24][25][9] Since 2018, Barley has been in a relationship with Marco van den Berg.[26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Seibert, Evi (2017-06-02). "Passt schon" [It's okay]. Tagesschau (online) (in German). Hamburg. Retrieved 2017-06-02.
  2. ^ "Katarina Barley: Bundesministerin für Familie, Senioren, Frauen und Jugend / Bundesministerin für Arbeit und Soziales" [... Federal Minister for Family, Old People, Women and Young People / Federal Minister for Work and Social Affairs] (in German). Presse- und Informationsamt der Bundesregierung, Berlin. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  3. ^ "Germany disappointed by May's Brexit plan, suggests second referendum". Reuters. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  4. ^ Ravensburg, Munzinger-Archiv GmbH,. "Katarina Barley - Munzinger Biographie". www.munzinger.de. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  5. ^ a b Europa ist unsere Zukunft, The European
  6. ^ Barley zum Brexit: Jetzt ist nichts mehr wie vorher, Berliner Morgenpost
  7. ^ a b http://www.theeuropean.de/stefan-gross/11830-katarina-barley?head_id=katarina-barley
  8. ^ a b Und was, wenn es keinen Deal gibt?
  9. ^ a b Özcan Mutlu (ed.), Politik ohne Grenzen. Migrationsgeschichten aus dem Bundestag. B&S Siebenhaar Verlag
  10. ^ "Deutscher Bundestag - Barley, Katarina". Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  11. ^ Members Parlamentarische Linke.
  12. ^ Gabriels Kandidatin: Katarina Barley soll neue SPD-Generalsekretärin werden, in: spiegel.de (1. November 2015).
  13. ^ German governor is ill, prompting change to Merkel's Cabinet Yahoo!, May 30, 2017.
  14. ^ https://www.bundesregierung.de/Webs/Breg/DE/Bundesregierung/Bundeskabinett/KatarinaBarley/_node.html
  15. ^ "Bundestag wählt die Kanzlerin am 14. März" [Bundestag elects the Chancellor on 14 March] (in German). Deutscher Bundestag. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
  16. ^ Judith Mischke (October 16, 2018), German justice minister to lead SPD list in EU election Politico Europe.
  17. ^ Europa-Union-Parlamentariergruppe im Deutschen Bundestag, Landesverband Rheinland-Pfalz, Katharina Barley
  18. ^ Barley will Grenzkontrollen zu Österreich beenden, Die Welt, 21 October 2018
  19. ^ Board of Trustees German Forum for Crime Prevention (DFK).
  20. ^ Board of Trustees Magnus Hirschfeld Foundation.
  21. ^ Members of the Program Committee ZDF.
  22. ^ Board of Trustees Trier University of Applied Sciences.
  23. ^ https://www.welt.de/politik/deutschland/article152282525/Was-Gabriels-Neue-mit-der-SPD-vorhat.html
  24. ^ http://www.zeit.de/2017/47/brexit-katarina-barley-spd-gisela-stuart-labour-streitgespraech
  25. ^ https://www.bz-berlin.de/deutschland/der-spd-fehlte-der-schwung-das-ist-jetzt-anders
  26. ^ Marek Fritzen (July 27, 2018), Love, Love, Love: Was Katarina Barley und Marco van den Berg verbindet Trierischer Volksfreund.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Heiko Maas
Minister of Justice and Consumer Protection
2018–present
Incumbent