Katarovank

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Katarovank
Կատարովանք
Dizapaytt.jpg
The monastery of Katarovank
Religion
AffiliationArmenian Apostolic Church
Year consecratedbefore 335 AD
Location
LocationKhojavend District, Azerbaijan
Katarovank is located in Azerbaijan
Katarovank
Shown within Azerbaijan
Katarovank is located in Republic of Artsakh
Katarovank
Katarovank (Republic of Artsakh)
Geographic coordinates39°31′34″N 46°51′22″E / 39.526071°N 46.856119°E / 39.526071; 46.856119Coordinates: 39°31′34″N 46°51′22″E / 39.526071°N 46.856119°E / 39.526071; 46.856119
Architecture
Architect(s)yes
TypeMonastery, Church
StyleArmenian
Completed4th century, 17th century
Materialssandstone

Katarovank (Armenian: Կատարովանք) is an Armenian Apostolic monastery in the Khojavend District of Azerbaijan. It is located close to the village of Hin Tagher. The monastery was founded in the 4th century, but the present structure was completed in the 17th century.

History and architecture[edit]

The 5th-century Armenian historian Pavstos Buzand, known for his six-volume History of Armenia, describes Katarovank as a large monastery built on top of the Dizapayt Mountain (Azerbaijani: Ziyarət dağı).[1][2] Buzand mentions the monastery in the context of his story about the invasion of Armenia by the Massagetae and Huns in 335 AD.[3] In that year, a large army led by King Sanesan invaded Armenia's eastern provinces as a reaction to the mission of St. Grigoris—the grandson of St. Gregory the Illuminator and bishop of eastern lands of Armenia. St. Grigoris led an Armenian mission to convert the Massagetae tribesmen into Christianity. The mission gained true success when the missionaries managed to turn three of Sanesan's own sons into Christianity.[citation needed]

Suspicious of St. Grigoris, Sanesan ordered to execute the saint on the plain of Vatnean by tying him to a wild horse. His children fled the royal palace together with St. Grigoris' missionaries who carried with them St. Grigoris' body. The children decided to hide in the mountaintop Katarovank Monastery, which at the time hosted as many as 3870 hermits and pilgrims.[3] But Sanesan in his pursuit of the children reached the monastery and killed all the inhabitants of Katarovank, including his own children. The monastery was destroyed by the Hun soldiers and the corpses of the killed were burned.[citation needed]

The present-day chapel is a 17th-century structure. It is a single nave basilica constructed from the blocks of local coarse-cut sandstone. One side of the chapel is below the ground while the other is built on bare rock. There are Armenian khachkars near the chapel. The monastery offers a unique panoramic view to the River Aras.[citation needed]

2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war[edit]

Khtsaberd (Çaylaqqala), Hin Tagher (Köhnə Tağlar) and Katarovank had been an Artsakh holdout in the Hadrut Province during the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war.[4] Clashes erupted around the Armenian holdout pocket despite the ceasefire agreement.[5][6] Following the clashes, Azerbaijan recaptured the 2 villages along with Katarovank monastery on 12 December 2020. Russian peacekeepers were reported to have arrived on 13 December 2020. Subsequently, it was reported that the villages were and this monastery came under Azerbaijani control as Russian peacekeepers removed the area from their map of responsibility on 14 December 2020.[7][8]

Gallery[edit]

Books[edit]

  • The Epic Histories: Attributed to P'awstos Buzand. Columbia University Press, Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations, 1989
  • Movses Kalankatuatsi. History of the Land of Aluank, translated from Old Armenian by Sh. V. Smbatian. Yerevan: Matenadaran (Institute of Ancient Manuscripts), 1984, Book I, chapter 14, in Russian.
  • (in Italian) Documenti di architettura armena, Alexandr L. Jakobson – 1986 – 73 p.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Epic Histories: Attributed to P'awstos Buzand. Columbia University Press, Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations, 1989
  2. ^ "Ziyarət (dağ, Xocavənd)" (PDF). Azərbaycan toponimlərinin ensiklopedik lüğəti (in Azerbaijani) (II ed.). Baku: Sharg-Garb. 2007. ISBN 978-9952-34-156-0.
  3. ^ a b Mkrtchian, Shahen. Historical and Architectural Monuments of Nagorno Karabakh. Yerevan: Hayastan Publishing House, 1988, p. 100
  4. ^ CIVILNET - A Piece of Hadrut Remains Armenian
  5. ^ President Sarkissian Says Government Has Not ‘Provided Satisfactory Explanation’ About Attacks on Hadrut
  6. ^ Azerbaijan Says Four Soldiers Killed Amid Cease-Fire Violations In Nagorno-Karabakh
  7. ^ "Армения и Азербайджан развязали войну трактовок". kommersant.ru (in Russian). Kommersant. 16 December 2020. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  8. ^ "Hadrutun iki kəndi yenidən Azərbaycanın nəzarətindədir". bbc.com/azeri (in Azerbaijani). BBC Azeri service. 13 December 2020. Retrieved 21 December 2020.