Katerini

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Katerini
Κατερίνη
Katerini's town hall
Katerini's town hall
Katerini is located in Greece
Katerini
Katerini
Location within the region
2011 Dimos Katerinis.png
Coordinates: 40°16′N 22°30′E / 40.267°N 22.500°E / 40.267; 22.500Coordinates: 40°16′N 22°30′E / 40.267°N 22.500°E / 40.267; 22.500
CountryGreece
Administrative regionCentral Macedonia
Regional unitPieria
MunicipalityKaterini
Municipal unitKaterini
Government
 • MayorKonstantinos Koukodimos (New Democracy)
Area
 • Municipality681.863 km2 (263.269 sq mi)
 • Municipal unit93.659 km2 (36.162 sq mi)
Elevation
14 m (46 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Municipality
85,851
 • Municipality density130/km2 (330/sq mi)
 • Municipal unit
62,205
 • Municipal unit density660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
DemonymKateriniote
Community
 • Population58,309 (2011)
 • Area (km2)63.196
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
60100, 60131, 60132, 60133, 60134
Area code(s)23510
Vehicle registrationKN
Websitekaterini.gr

Katerini (Greek: Κατερίνη, Kateríni, pronounced [ka̠te̞ˈɾini]) is a city and municipality in northern Greece, the capital city of Pieria regional unit in Central Macedonia, Greece. It lies on the Pierian plain, between Mt. Olympus and the Thermaikos Gulf, at an altitude of 14 m. The municipal unit of Katerini has a population of 85,851 (according to the 2014 census) and it is the second most populous urban area at the Region of Macedonia after Thessaloniki. The close distance between two cities (68 km), has been beneficial for Katerini's development over recent years. Katerini is accessible from the main Thessaloniki–Athens highway GR-1/E75 (with the Katerini's South, East and North interchanges) and the Egnatia Odos to the north. It is served by Intercity, Proastiakos (Suburban Railway) and local trains on the main railway line from Athens to Thessaloniki and there is a comprehensive regional and national bus service with its hub in the city.

A popular tourist destination in northern Greece, Katerini is close to the sea (7 km) and to several archaeological sites of great interest such as the ancient city of Dion (5th century BC, 17 km away), the ancient Leivithra (27 km away),ancient Pydna (16km away) and the Castle of Platamon. The beaches of Korinos, Paralia and Olympiaki Akti (or Katerinoskala) are visited by both Greek and foreign tourists during the Summer. The base of Mount Olympus and the town of Litochoro, are at a distance of around 20 km from the centre of Katerini, whereas there is the Ski center of Elatochori in Mount Pieria at a distance of 33.4 km from the city's centre.

Name and history[edit]

The origin of the name is obscure. Since the 13th century, travellers as well as maps record the existence of a settlement called Hatera (Ἅτηρα), which may have been the origin of the modern name. Thus Felix Beaujour recorded its name as "Katheri", while François Pouqueville gives the name of the settlement as "Kateri Hatera".[2] According to another theory, the city derives its name from the small chapel dedicated to Saint Catherine (Aikaterini in Greek) to the east of the city, dating to at least the early 19th century. The latter hypothesis influenced official usage in Greek, where the city is found as "Aikaterini" or "Agia Aikaterini" until the early 20th century, when the vernacular name Katerini prevailed.[2]

According to the reports of travellers, at the turn of the 19th century, the city had four to five thousand inhabitants, mostly Greeks. In 1806, William Martin Leake recorded 100 hearths, while four years later Daniel recorded 140. For the remainder of the 19th century, the number of homes remained steady at about 300, with a population in 1900 of 2,070 Orthodox Christians and 600 Muslims.[2]

The city was captured by the Greek 7th Infantry Division on 16 October 1912, during the First Balkan War, and has been part of Greece since then.[2] With the population exchange between Greece and Turkey in 1923, the city's Muslims left, and Greek refugees, particularly from Eastern Thrace and Greek Evangelicals from Asia Minor, took their place, almost doubling the city's population from 5,540 in 1920 to 10,138 in 1928.[2]

Geography[edit]

Administrative division[edit]

The municipality of Katerini was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 6 former municipalities, that became municipal units of the newly formed Katerini municipality.[3][1]

Municipality of Katerini[3][1][4] Municipal Unit of Katerini[3][1] Municipal Community of Katerini[3][1][5]
Municipal Units Population Municipal Communities Population Settlements Population
  • 4,313
  • 62,205
  • 5,557
  • 6,803
  • 4,888
  • 2,085
  • 58,309
  • 477
  • 2,175
  • 799
  • 445
  • 1,061
  • 55,997
  • 467
  • 464
  • 320
Total Area Total Population Total Area Total Population Total Area Total Population
  • 681.863 km2
  • 85,851
  • 93.659 km2
  • 62,205
  • 63.196 km2
  • 58,309

Climate[edit]

Katerini has a Mediterranean climate that is characterised by warm to hot, dry summers and cool and more humid winters (Köppen climate classification: Csa).

Climate data for Katerini
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9.0
(48.2)
11.9
(53.4)
15.0
(59.0)
20.0
(68.0)
25.1
(77.2)
30.3
(86.5)
33.3
(91.9)
32.9
(91.2)
28.5
(83.3)
22.4
(72.3)
15.7
(60.3)
10.9
(51.6)
21.3
(70.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.9
(40.8)
6.8
(44.2)
9.8
(49.6)
14.2
(57.6)
18.9
(66.0)
23.6
(74.5)
26.3
(79.3)
25.9
(78.6)
22.1
(71.8)
17
(63)
11.5
(52.7)
7
(45)
15.7
(60.3)
Average low °C (°F) 0.8
(33.4)
1.8
(35.2)
4.6
(40.3)
8.5
(47.3)
12.8
(55.0)
16.9
(62.4)
19.4
(66.9)
19.0
(66.2)
15.7
(60.3)
11.6
(52.9)
7.4
(45.3)
3.2
(37.8)
10.1
(50.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 38
(1.5)
36
(1.4)
43
(1.7)
33
(1.3)
46
(1.8)
31
(1.2)
24
(0.9)
18
(0.7)
28
(1.1)
45
(1.8)
53
(2.1)
53
(2.1)
448
(17.6)
Source: Climate-data.org [6]

Local delicacies[edit]

Katerini is located near several villages which are renowned for their high quality products. In particular kiwis and cherries are one of the more important productions in the region, as well as strawberries. There is also cultivation of tobacco in the region and lot of people spend considerable resources for its development and for exports of the product.

Politics[edit]

Local Government[edit]

The mayor of Katerini is Konstantinos Koukodimos, a member of the Political Committee of New Democracy, who was elected in the 2019 local elections.

Results of the May 26, 2019 local elections in the Municipality of Katerini
Candidate Supporting Parties Votes %
Konstantinos Koukodimos
New Democracy, Nea Dimokratia
20.908
54.44%

Economy[edit]

Tsalopoulos mansion
Katerini beach
Katerini Municipal Park

Katerini is the administrative and economic centre of Pieria. The Chamber of commerce and industry of Pieria is based in Katerini.[7] The same applies for the Union of Agricultural Cooperatives of Pieria and the Union of hotel owners of Pieria.[8][9]

Agriculture[edit]

Katerini lies in the middle of a plain and thus, it is greatly an agricultural city. As of 2000 26,775 people were occupied in agriculture, in Pieria.[10] The Union of Agricultural Cooperatives of Pieria has 9,000 members, of which 2,000 grow tobacco.[11] Kiwifruit is also produced in Katerini.[11]

Tourism[edit]

Katerini is a popular tourist destination, that attracts tourist both from Greece and abroad. Within the boundaries of the municipality, there are over 230 hotels that can accommodate more that 8,600 people.[12] The vast majority of the tourist infrastructure lie in Paralia and Olympiaki Akti and it also includes tens of tavernas and cafes.[13] Winter tourism has started developing in the area, since the construction of the Elatochori ski resort.[14] Katerini is surrounded by ancient archaeological sites as Dion, Leivithra, Pydna, Louloudies and Platamon Castle which are worth a visit.

Transport[edit]

Local transport[edit]

The national bus service is from the Katerini long-distance bus station of coach KTEL. The local bus lines serve the connection between Katerini and its nearby settlements.[15] The bus hub is in Katerini and it has lines towards Moschochori, Paralia, Olympiaki Akti, Dion, Pieria, Aronas and Nea Trapezounta. These lines serve all the settlements that lie between Katerini and the aforementioned final destinations.[15]

Road transport[edit]

Katerini is served by A1 and National Road 1 that run north-south from Evzonoi to Athens. The connection between Katerini and Elassona is served by National Road 13. Single carriageways run from Katerini to every settlement of the Pieria. Bus lines, delivered by the Intercity KTEL of Pieria, connect Katerini directly with Athens, Thessaloniki, Elassona, Alexandreia and all the settlements of Pieria that are not served by the Urban KTEL of Katerini.[16] There are also privately held international bus lines that connect Katerini with several cities in Albania and Bulgaria.

Rail links[edit]

Katerini railway station is located just outside the city centre. The main line of the Greek railway system that connects Athens with Thessaloniki passes through Katerini. As a result, the city is connected directly with Larisa and Thessaloniki via the Proastiakos.[17] It is also connected with Athens and all the intermediate stations by Intercity train lines.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population[edit]

Year Community population Municipal unit population Municipality population
2001 53,418 57,098 83,387
2011 58,309 62,205 85,851
2021 - - 82,971
2031 - - -
2041 - - -
Year Community population
1961 28,046
1971 29,046
1981 38,404
1991 42,381
- -
Year Community population
1913[18] 7,393
1920[2] 6,540
1928 10,138
1940 16,938
1951 24,605

Local communities[edit]

St Fotini Church at the beach
Evangelical church
Street in village Paralia of Katerini

Katerini is home to a significant Aromanian population that exceeds 3,000 people.[19] Aromanians of Katerini mainly descend from nearby Aromanian settlements of Livadi and Kokkinopilos, and in lesser numbers from Samarina, Moscopole, Avdella, Perivoli and Smixi.[19] According to some sources the Aromanians formed a majority amongst the city's Christian population in the beginning of the 20th century.[19]

Immigrants[edit]

As of 2001, the Municipal unit of Katerini (then Municipality of Katerini) was home to 2,794 foreign nationals (4.9% of the total population). Amongst them the most populous ethnic group was Albanians (2.5%) followed by Georgians (0.5%), Russians (0.4%) and Bulgarians (0.3%).[20]

Religion[edit]

The Diocese of Metropolis of Kitros, Katerini and Platamonas has 16 congregations within the city of Katerini. There is also an Old Calendarist church in the city.[21] Katerini has a relatively numerous Protestant community, as a result of the organised settlement of Evangelical Greek refugees from Asia Minor and Pontus (region).[22] Today the Greek Evangelical Church of Katerini has almost 1,100 followers.[22] Other Protestant denominations, that have a church within the city, are the Free Apostolic Church of Pentecost, the Greek Apostolic Church of Pentecost and the Seventh-day Adventist Church.[23][24][25] The Protestant community is fully integrated in the life of the city, but in the past there were tensions between the Evangelical community and the Greek Orthodox majority. These tensions led to the arson of the Evangelical Church of Katerini from a Greek Orthodox mob in March 1930.[22]

Public education[edit]

The Katerini city public schools is a part of the public education system consisting of member schools include, the Preschool, Primary, Secondary (Katerini City Gymnasium, Katerini City High School, and others), Post Upper Secondary, and Higher Education.

Public Education ‒ Katerini City Lower Secondary Education
Data as at January 2021[26][27][28][29] Katerini City Gymnasium School
The preschool (PS) is compulsory, comprises the
1-year pre-kindergarten and 1-year kindergarten,
and has exactly name (number) with the primary
school name where is attached. Preschools and
primary schools share buildings. A second extra
preschool attached in a primary school is to be
shown as (PS) in round brackets. Students who
successfully complete the lyceum are awarded
the Apolytirio Lyceum (school leaving certificate,
that is upper secondary leaving certificate,
also known as High School Diploma).
1st 48 Klisouras str, 601 32
2nd 48 Klisouras str, 601 32
3rd 1 Militou str, 601 33
4th 2 Mitropoleos str, 601 31
5th 34 Eirinis str, 601 34
6th 104 Agiou Savva str, 601 33
7th 1, 19th Maiou str, 601 34
Music 1 Stadiou str, 601 32
Evening 34 Eirinis str, 601 34
Unified Special Vocational Gymnasium-Lyceum 150 Terzopoulou str, 601 32
Special Vocational Education
Laboratory of Special Vocational Education (EEEEK) Neo Keramidi (Area), 601 50
Primary Education Second Chance Adult School (SDE)
Katerini City Primary School Second Chance Adult School (SDE) of Katerini 2 Mitropoleos str, 601 31
1st 3 Ippokratous str, 601 32 Laboratory Centre (EK)
2nd 10 Kioutaxias str, 601 33 Laboratory Centre (EK) of Katerini 150 Terzopoulou str, 601 32
3rd 13 Marathonos str, 601 32 Vocational School (EPAS)
4th 2 Aristotelous str, 601 32 EPAS of Public Employment Service (DYPA) End Terzopoulou str, 601 32
5th, (21st PS) 30 Filippou str, 601 33 Upper Secondary Education
6th, (16th PS) 15, 28 October str, 601 34 Katerini City High School
7th, (20th PS) 8 Mitropolitou Kirillou str, 601 31 1st 48 Klisouras str, 601 32
8th 13 Stratigou Roka str, 601 34 2nd 10 Ipirou str, 601 32
8th KG, (24th PS) A’ Parodos Priamou, 601 34 3rd 1 Militou str, 601 33
9th 2 Loukianou str, 601 32 4th 2 Mitropoleos str, 601 31
10th 16 Tenedou str, 601 33 5th 10 Ipirou str, 601 32
11th, (23rd PS) 1 Fleming str, 601 34 Music 1 Stadiou str, 601 32
12th 14 Romanou str, 601 31 Evening 34 Eirinis str, 601 34
13th 39 Platonos str, 601 33 Vocational (I) 150 Terzopoulou str, 601 32
14th 6 Kilkis str, 601 34 Vocational (II) Neo Keramidi (Area), 601 50
15th 14 Svoronou str, 601 33 Evening Vocational 150 Terzopoulou str, 601 32
16th, (25th PS) 1 Agios Christoforos str, 601 33 Unified Special Vocational Gymnasium-Lyceum 150 Terzopoulou str, 601 32
17th 17 Odyssea Elyti str, 601 33 Post Upper Secondary Education (non-tertiary education)
18th 1 Antisthenous str, 601 31 General Hospital of Katerini Institute of Vocational Training 1 Old Hospital str, 601 31
19th 2 Tyrtaiou str, 601 32 Higher Education (tertiary education)
Special Primary Ganochora (Area), 601 50 International Hellenic University, Department of Logistics 2 Kanellopoulou str, 601 32

Sports[edit]

Football[edit]

Katerini is represented by two football teams in the national leagues; Pierikos, a club currently playing in the Football League 2, and the women's football club of Pierides Muses, playing in the Women's Second National Division.

Other Sports[edit]

Pierikos-Archelaos B.C. currently competes in the A2 League, the second tier of Greek basketball. GAS Archelaos plays in the A2 League the second tier of the Greek handball league system.

Sport clubs based in Katerini
Club Founded Sports Achievements
Pierikos
(Former:Megas Alexandros Katerini & Olympos Katerini)
1961
(1922)
(1946)
Football , Volleyball Earlier presence in A Ethniki football, finalist Greek cup
GAS Archelaos 1956 Handball, Track and Field and other sports Panhellenic titles in Greek Handball
Ethnikos Katerini 1973 Football Earlier presence in Gamma Ethniki
Vataniakos F.C. 1978 Football Earlier presence in Beta Ethniki
Pierikos-Archelaos B.C. 2008 Basketball Presence in A2 Ethniki

Notable people[edit]

International relations[edit]

Katerini is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "History of Katerini" (in Greek). Municipality of Katerini. Archived from the original on 12 October 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d "Government Gazette (FEK) 1292/B/11 August 2010" (in Greek). Government Gazette. Kallikratis reform municipalities; Decision 45892 published in the Government Gazette (FEK) 1292/B/11 August 2010; The Government Gazette (FEK) file (PDF) is downloadable from the National Printing House of Greece’s repository portal
  4. ^ "Population census 2011" (in Greek and English). Hellenic Statistical Authority of Greece. Archived from the original on 7 December 2020.
  5. ^ "Population and housing census 2001 (including usual resident population, area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 September 2015.
  6. ^ "Climate and climate data for Katerini". Climate Data Organization. 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2013. Climate and climate data for Katerini has been modified on 9 August 2015
  7. ^ "Pieria Chamber of Commerce" (in Greek). Pieria Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on 2013-01-20. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  8. ^ "Union of Agricultural Cooperatives of Pieria" (in Greek). Union of Agricultural Cooperatives of Pieria. Archived from the original on 2012-05-27. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  9. ^ "Pieria Hoteliers Association" (in Greek). Pieria Hoteliers Association. Retrieved 20 December 2021.
  10. ^ "Results of Agricultural-Livestock Census 1999/2000" (PDF) (in Greek and English). National Statistical Service of Greece. 2000. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2010. Retrieved 7 July 2012. Number of persons employed in the total of holdings by category and number of working days of seasonal workers and by Region and Department. Results of Agricultural-Livestock Census 1999/2000
  11. ^ a b "Union of Agricultural Cooperatives of Pieria" (in Greek). Union of Agricultural Cooperatives of Pieria. Archived from the original on 2012-06-26. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  12. ^ "General Tourist Guide of Pieria: Hospitality Accommodations - Hotels". Pieria Tourism. Archived from the original on 20 December 2021. Retrieved 20 December 2021.
  13. ^ "General Tourist Guide of Pieria: Restaurants and Taverns". Pieria Tourism. Archived from the original on 20 December 2021. Retrieved 20 December 2021.
  14. ^ "Elatochori: Wild mountain beauty" (in Greek, English, and German). web-Greece.gr. Archived from the original on 20 December 2021. Retrieved 20 December 2021.
  15. ^ a b "KTEL Katerini urban and suburban buses routes" (in Greek). KTEL Katerini. Archived from the original on 20 December 2021. Retrieved 20 December 2021.
  16. ^ "KTEL Pierias intercity (interurban) buses routes" (in Greek). KTEL Pierias. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  17. ^ "TrainOSE Timetables Table 7A-7B" (PDF) (in Greek). 6 July 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 May 2012.
  18. ^ "Enumeration of residents per settlement of the population of Greek territory of Makedonia in 1913 census". lithoksou.net (in Greek). The temporarry website of Dimitris Lithoxoou. Archived from the original on 28 January 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
  19. ^ a b c "Vlachoi of the Katerini" (in Greek). Vlahoi.net. Archived from the original on 20 December 2021. Retrieved 20 December 2021.
  20. ^ "Census on 18 March 2001: Foreign nationals by nationality, age group and gender, provinces, municipalities, departments" (PDF) (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Service of Greece. pp. 166–168. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2011. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
  21. ^ "Churches of the Church of the Genuine Orthodox Christians of Greece" (in Greek). Church of the Genuine Orthodox Christians of Greece. Archived from the original on 28 January 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
  22. ^ a b c "Evangelical Church of Katerini: Our history" (in Greek). Evangelical Church of Katerini. Archived from the original on 20 December 2021. Retrieved 20 December 2021.
  23. ^ "Free Apostolic Church of Pentecost: Directory of Churches and Departments" (in Greek). Free Apostolic Church of Pentecost. Archived from the original on 31 December 2012. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  24. ^ "Free Apostolic Church of Pentecost". eaep.church (in Greek). Archived from the original on 20 December 2021. Retrieved 20 December 2021.
  25. ^ "Free Apostolic Church of Pentecost: Christian gatherings across the entire Greece" (in Greek). Free Apostolic Church of Pentecost of Greece. Archived from the original on 14 October 2012. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  26. ^ "Public Primary and Kindergarten Schools in Katerini" (in Greek). Pieria Regional Directorate of Primary and Kindergarten Education. Archived from the original on 22 October 2020.
  27. ^ "Public Secondary Education Schools of Katerini" (in Greek). Pieria Regional Directorate of Secondary Education. Archived from the original on 20 December 2021.
  28. ^ "The English Times of Katerini". Muses Net. Archived from the original on 20 December 2021.
  29. ^ "Artemis School Search Tool: Finding of existing public schools across Greece based on postal code" (in Greek). Ministry of Education. Guideline: place into the website's postal search-box the 60100 which is the general postal code of Pieria
  30. ^ "Giorgos Fourniadis - National Theatre of Northern Greece" (in Greek and English). National Theatre of Northern Greece. Archived from the original on 20 December 2021.
  31. ^ "Giorgos Fourniadis, actor and director". IMDb. Archived from the original on 20 December 2021.
  32. ^ "Maria Tsionoglou air pistol athlete". International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF). Archived from the original on 15 April 2021.

External links[edit]