Katerini

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Katerini
Κατερίνη
Katerini town hall
Katerini town hall
Official seal of Katerini
Seal
Katerini is located in Greece
Katerini
Katerini
Location within the region
2011 Dimos Katerinis.png
Coordinates: 40°16′N 22°30′E / 40.267°N 22.500°E / 40.267; 22.500Coordinates: 40°16′N 22°30′E / 40.267°N 22.500°E / 40.267; 22.500
Country Greece
Administrative region Central Macedonia
Regional unit Pieria
Government
 • Mayor Savvas Chionidis
Area
 • Municipality 681.863 km2 (263.269 sq mi)
 • Municipal unit 93.659 km2 (36.162 sq mi)
Elevation 14 m (46 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Municipality 85,851
 • Municipality density 130/km2 (330/sq mi)
 • Municipal unit 62,205
 • Municipal unit density 660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Community[1]
 • Population 58,309 (2011)
 • Area (km2) 63.196
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 60100, 60131, 60132, 60133, 60134
Area code(s) 23510
Vehicle registration KN
Website www.katerini.gr

Katerini (Greek: Κατερίνη, Kateríni [kate'ɾini]) is a city in Central Macedonia, Greece, the capital of Pieria regional unit. It lies on the Pierian plain, between Mt. Olympus and the Thermaikos Gulf, at an altitude of 14 m. The city has a population of 85,851 (according to the 2014 census) and it is the second most populous urban area at the Region of Macedonia after Thessaloniki. The close distance between two cities (68km), has been beneficial for Katerini's development over recent years. Katerini is accessible from the main Thessaloniki–Athens highway GR-1/E75 (with the Katerini's South and North interchanges) and the Egnatia Odos to the north. It is served by Intercity, Proastiakos (Suburban Railway) and local trains on the main railway line from Athens to Thessaloniki and there is a comprehensive regional and national bus service with its hub in the city.

A popular tourist destination in northern Greece, Katerini is close to the sea (6 km) and to several archaeological sites of great interest such as the ancient city of Dion (5th century BC, 17 km away), the ancient Leivithra (27 km away) and the Castle of Platamon. The beaches of Korinos, Paralia and Olympiaki Akti (or Katerinoskala) are visited by both Greek and foreign tourists during the Summer. The base of Mount Olympus and the town of Litochoro, are at a distance of around 20 km from the centre of Katerini, whereas there is the Ski center of Elatochori in Mount Pieria at a distance of 33.4 km from the city's centre.

Name and history[edit]

The origin of the name is obscure. The modern city was probably founded during Ottoman rule, but already from the 13th century, travellers as well as maps record the existence of a settlement called Hatera (Ἅτηρα), which may have been the origin of the modern name. Thus Felix Beaujour recorded its name as "Katheri", while François Pouqueville gives the name of the settlement as "Kateri Hatera".[2] According to another theory, the city derives its name from the small chapel dedicated to Saint Catherine (Aikaterini in Greek) to the east of the city, dating to at least the early 19th century. The latter hypothesis influenced official usage in Greek, where the city is found as "Aikaterini" or "Agia Aikaterini" until the early 20th century, when the vernacular name Katerini prevailed.[2]

According to the reports of travellers, at the turn of the 19th century, the city had four to five thousand inhabitants, mostly Greeks. In 1806, William Martin Leake recorded 100 hearths, while four years later Daniel recorded 140. For the remainder of the 19th century, the number of homes remained steady at about 300, with a population in 1900 of 2,070 Greek Orthodox mostly Vlah, and 600 Muslims, most of them of Albanian origin.[2]

The city was captured by the Greek 7th Infantry Division on 16 October 1912, during the First Balkan War, and has been part of Greece since then.[2] With the population exchange between Greece and Turkey in 1923, the city's Muslims left, and Greek refugees, particularly from Eastern Thrace and Greek Evangelicals from Asia Minor, took their place, almost doubling the city's population from 5,540 in 1920 to 10,138 in 1928.[2]

Geography[edit]

Administrative division[edit]

The municipality of Katerini was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 6 former municipalities, that became municipal units of the newly formed Katerini municipality:[3][1]

The municipal unit of Katerini consists of the following municipal communities:[3][1]

The municipal community of Katerini consists of the following settlements:[3][1]

The municipality Katerini has an area of 681.863 km2, the municipal unit Katerini has an area of 93.659 km2, the community Katerini 63.196 km2.[4]

Climate[edit]

Katerini has a Mediterranean climate that is characterised by warm to hot, dry summers and cool and more humid winters (Köppen climate classification: Csa).

Climate data for Katerini
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9.0
(48.2)
11.9
(53.4)
15.0
(59)
20.0
(68)
25.1
(77.2)
30.3
(86.5)
33.3
(91.9)
32.9
(91.2)
28.5
(83.3)
22.4
(72.3)
15.7
(60.3)
10.9
(51.6)
21.3
(70.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.9
(40.8)
6.8
(44.2)
9.8
(49.6)
14.2
(57.6)
18.9
(66)
23.6
(74.5)
26.3
(79.3)
25.9
(78.6)
22.1
(71.8)
17
(63)
11.5
(52.7)
7
(45)
15.7
(60.3)
Average low °C (°F) 0.8
(33.4)
1.8
(35.2)
4.6
(40.3)
8.5
(47.3)
12.8
(55)
16.9
(62.4)
19.4
(66.9)
19.0
(66.2)
15.7
(60.3)
11.6
(52.9)
7.4
(45.3)
3.2
(37.8)
10.1
(50.2)
Average precipitation cm (inches) 3.8
(1.5)
3.6
(1.42)
4.3
(1.69)
3.3
(1.3)
4.6
(1.81)
3.1
(1.22)
2.4
(0.94)
1.8
(0.71)
2.8
(1.1)
4.5
(1.77)
5.3
(2.09)
5.3
(2.09)
44.8
(17.64)
Source: Climate-data.org [5]

Local Delicacies[edit]

Katerini is located near several villages which are renowned for their high quality produce. In particular kiwis and cherries are one of the more important productions in the region as well as Strawberries. There is an important cultivation of Tobacco in the region and lots of people spend considerable resources for its development and for exporting the produce to large manufacturers. Dried Nuts are also very popular in the region and consumers are accustomed to eating them as a healthy snack. Some of the earliest Greek manufacturers emerged from this region. In particular, the Armenian manufacturer Daniel Avakian (www.avakian.gr) remains as one of the earliest firms that specialized in the manufacturing of chick peas. The first ever roasting oven is still in display in the following address: AVAKIAN Daniel and Son Dagli street 2, Katerini.

Politics[edit]

Local Government[edit]

The mayor of Katerini is Savvas Chionidis, a member of the Political Committee of New Democracy.[6][7] Chionidis was elected for a second term in the 2010 local elections.[6]

Results of the 2010 local elections in the Municipality of Katerini
Candidate Supporting Parties Votes %
Chionidis Savvas
New Democracy, Nea Dimokratia
26,779
54.12%
Miliotis Nikolaos
Panhellenic Socialist Movement, Panellinio Sosialistiko Kinima
14,494
29.29%
Karafoulidis Christos
-
4,046
8.18%
Salpistis Nikolaos
Communist Party of Greece, Komounistiko Komma Elladas
2,735
5.53%
Mantzios Antonios
Coalition of the Radical Left, Synaspismos Rizospastikis Aristeras, Democratic Left, Dimokratiki Aristera, Ecologist Greens, Oikologoi Prasinoi
1,427
2.88%

Economy[edit]

Tsalopoulos mansion
A park in Katerini.

Katerini is the administrative and economic centre of Pieria. The Chamber of commerce and industry of Pieria is based in Katerini.[8] The same applies for the Union of Agricultural Cooperatives of Pieria and the Union of hotel owners of Pieria.[9][10]

Agriculture[edit]

Katerini lies in the middle of a plain and thus, it is greatly an agricultural city. As of 2000 26,775 people were occupied in agriculture, in Pieria.[11] The Union of Agricultural Cooperatives of Pieria has 9,000 members, of which 2,000 grow tobacco.[12] Kiwifruit is also produced in Katerini.[12]

Tourism[edit]

Katerini beach

Katerini is a popular tourist destination, that attracts tourist both from Greece and abroad. Within the boundaries of the municipality, there are over 230 hotels that can accommodate more that 8,600 people.[13] The vast majority of the tourist infrastructure lie in Paralia and Olympiaki Akti and it also includes tens of tavernas and cafes.[14] Winter tourism has started developing in the area, since the construction of the Elatochori ski resort.[15] Katerini is surrounded by ancient archaeological sites as Dion, Leivithra, Pydna, Louloudies and Platamon Castle which are worth a visit.

Transport[edit]

Local transport[edit]

The Urban KTEL of Katerini serves the connention between Katerini and its nearby settlements.[16] The bus hub is in Katerini and it has lines towards Moschochori, Paralia, Dion, Pieria, Aronas and Nea Trapezounta. These lines serve all the settlements that lie between Katerini and the aforementioned final destinations.[16]

Road transport[edit]

Katerini is served by A1 and National Road 1 that run north-south from Evzonoi to Athens. The connection between Katerini and Elassona is served by National Road 13. Single carriageways run from Katerini to every settlement of the Pieria. Bus lines, delivered by the Intercity KTEL of Pieria, connect Katerini directly with Athens, Thessaloniki, Elassona, Alexandreia and all the settlements of Pieria that are not served by the Urban KTEL of Katerini.[17] There are also privately held international bus lines that connect Katerini with several cities in Albania and Bulgaria.

Rail links[edit]

Katerini railway station is located just outside the city centre. The main line of the Greek railway system that connects Athens with Thessaloniki passes through Katerini. As a result, the city is connected directly with Larisa and Thessaloniki via the Proastiakos[18] It is also connected with Athens and all the intermediate stations by Intercity train lines.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population[edit]

Year Community population Municipal unit population Municipality population
1913[19] 7,393 - -
1920[2] 6,540 - -
1928[2] 10,138 - -
1940[2] 16,938 - -
1951[2] 24,605 - -
1961[2] 28,046 - -
1971[2] 29,046 - -
1981[2] 38,404 - -
1991[2] 42,381 - -
2001 [2] 53,418 57,098 83,387
2011 [1] 58,309 62,205 85,851

Local communities[edit]

Katerini is home to a significant Aromanian population that exceeds 3,000 people.[20] Aromanians of Katerini mainly descend from nearby Aromanian settlements of Livadi and Kokkinopilos, and in lesser numbers from Samarina, Moscopole, Avdella, Perivoli and Smixi.[20] According to some sources the Aromanians formed a majority amongst the city's Christian population in the beginning of the 20th century.[20]

Religion[edit]

The seat of the Greek Orthodox Metropolis

Georgios, a Greek orthodox Metropolitan of the Church of Greece has his seat in Katerini.[21] The Metropolis of Kitros, Katerini and Platamonas has 16 congregations within the city of Katerini.[21] There is also an Old Calendarist church in the city.[22] Katerini has a relatively numerous Protestant community, as a result of the organised settlement of Evangelical Greek refugees from Asia Minor and Pontus.[23] Today the Greek Evangelical Church of Katerini has almost 1,100 followers.[23] Other Protestant denominations, that have a church within the city, are the Free Apostolic Church of Pentecost, the Greek Apostolic Church of Pentecost and the Seventh-day Adventist Church.[24][25] The Protestant community is fully integrated in the life of the city, but in the past there were tensions between the Evangelical community and the Greek Orthodox majority. These tensions led to the arson of the Evangelical Church of Katerini from a Greek Orthodox mob in March 1930.[23]

Immigrants[edit]

As of 2001, the Municipal unit of Katerini (then Municipality of Katerini) was home to 2,794 foreign nationals (4.9% of the total population). Amongst them the most populous ethnic group was Albanians (2.5%) followed by Georgians (0.5%), Russians (0.4%) and Bulgarians (0.3%).[26]

Sports[edit]

Football[edit]

Katerini is represented by two football teams in the national leagues; Pierikos, a club currently playing in the Football League 2. The women's football club of Pierides Muses plays in the Women's Second National Division.

Other Sports[edit]

Pierikos-Archelaos B.C. currently competes in the A2 League, the second tier of Greek basketball. GAS Archelaos plays in the A2 League the second tier of the Greek handball league system.

Sport clubs based in Katerini
Club Founded Sports Achievements
Pierikos
(Former:Megas Alexandros Katerini & Olympos Katerini)
1961
(1922)
(1946)
Football , Volleyball Earlier presence in A Ethniki football, finalist Greek cup
GAS Archelaos 1956 Handball, Track and Field and other sports Panhellenic titles in Greek Handball
Ethnikos Katerini 1973 Football Earlier presence in Gamma Ethniki
Vataniakos F.C. 1978 Football Earlier presence in Beta Ethniki
Pierikos-Archelaos B.C. 2008 Basketball Presence in A2 Ethniki

Notable people[edit]

International relations[edit]

Katerini is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Η Ιστορία της Κατερίνης (in Greek). Municipality of Katerini. Retrieved 14 January 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek)
  4. ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-21. 
  5. ^ "Climate, Climate data for Katerini". Climate-data.org. 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Ο Δήμαρχος (in Greek). Δήμος Κατερίνης (Municipality of Katerini). Retrieved 29 January 2012. 
  7. ^ Νέα Δημοκρατία: Η Πολιτική Επιτροπή (in Greek). Νέα Δημοκρατία. Archived from the original on 28 January 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2012. 
  8. ^ ΕΠΙΚΟΙΝΩΝΙΑ (in Greek). Επιμελητήριο Πιερίας. Archived from the original on 20 January 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2012. 
  9. ^ Στοιχεία Επικοινωνίας (in Greek). Ένωση Αγροτικών Συνεταιρισμών Πιερίας. Archived from the original on 27 May 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2012. 
  10. ^ Γνωρίστε μας (in Greek). Ένωση Ξενοδόχων Πιερίας. Retrieved 7 July 2012. 
  11. ^ "Number of holdings,physical persons,owners and their household members" (PDF) (in Greek and English). Hellenic Statistical Authority). 2000. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2010. Retrieved 7 July 2012. 
  12. ^ a b Η Ένωση (in Greek). Ένωση Αγροτικών Συνεταιρισμών Πιερίας. Archived from the original on 26 June 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2012. 
  13. ^ "Accommodation". Pieria Tourism. Retrieved 7 July 2012. 
  14. ^ "RESTAURANTS & TAVERNS". Pieria Tourism. Retrieved 7 July 2012. 
  15. ^ Σχετικά με το Ελατοχώρι (in Greek). web-greece.gr. Retrieved 7 July 2012. 
  16. ^ a b Γραμμές και Δρομολόγια (in Greek). ΑΣΤΙΚΟ ΚΤΕΛ ΚΑΤΕΡΙΝΗΣ. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  17. ^ "Schedule". Υπεραστικό ΚΤΕΛ Πιερίας. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  18. ^ TrainOSE timetables, Table 7A-7B Archived 2012-05-11 at the Wayback Machine.
  19. ^ Απαρίθμηση κατά οικισμό των κατοίκων του ελληνικού τμήματος της Μακεδονίας το έτος 1913 (in Greek). Η προσωπική Ιστοσελίδα του Δημήτρη Λιθοξόου. Retrieved 28 January 2012. 
  20. ^ a b c Οι Βλάχοι της Κατερίνης (in Greek). Βλάχοι.Net. 25 November 2006. Retrieved 26 January 2012. 
  21. ^ a b Ιερά Μητρόπλις Κίτρους, Κατερίνης και Πλαταμώνος (in Greek). Ιερά Μητρόπλις Κίτρους, Κατερίνης και Πλαταμώνος. Retrieved 29 January 2012. 
  22. ^ Ιεροί Ναοί Εκκλησίας Γ.Ο.Χ. Ελλάδος (in Greek). Εκκλησία Γ.Ο.Χ. Ελλάδος. Archived from the original on 28 January 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2012. 
  23. ^ a b c Η ιστορία μας (in Greek). Ελληνική Ευαγγελική Εκκλησία Κατερίνης. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 10 November 2012. 
  24. ^ Διευθύνσεις Εκκλησιών και παραρτημάτων (in Greek). Ελευθέρα Αποστολική Εκκλησία Πεντηκοστής. Retrieved 10 November 2012. 
  25. ^ Χριστιανικές Συναθροίσεις Επαρχίας (in Greek). Σύνοδος Αποστολικής Εκκλησίας Πεντηκοστής Ελλάδας. Archived from the original on 14 October 2012. Retrieved 10 November 2012. 
  26. ^ Αλλοδαποί κατά υπηκοότητα, ομάδες ηλικιών και φύλο, Νομοί,Δήμοι / Κοινότητες (PDF) (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority. pp. 166–168. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2011. Retrieved 26 January 2012. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Katerini at Wikimedia Commons