Katharine Cashman

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Katharine Cashman
Professor Katharine Cashman FRS.jpg
Katharine Cashman at the Royal Society admissions day in London in 2016
BornKatharine Venable Cashman
(1954-07-19) 19 July 1954 (age 64)[1]
Providence, Rhode Island[2]
Alma mater
Awards
Scientific career
FieldsVolcanology
Institutions
ThesisCrystal size distribution in igneous and metamorphic rocks (1987)
Doctoral advisorBruce Marsh[5]
Website

Katharine Venable Cashman FRS[3] is an American volcanologist, Professor of Volcanology at the University of Bristol[5] and former Philip H. Knight Professor of Natural Science at the University of Oregon.

Education[edit]

Cashman was educated at Middlebury College, Vermont where she was awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree in Geology and Biology in 1976. She continued her studies at Victoria University of Wellington in New Zealand and then completed her PhD at Johns Hopkins University, Maryland, in 1986.[6] Her PhD research applied theories of crystal size distributions to volcanic systems, and was supervised by Bruce Marsh.[5][7]

Career and research[edit]

She was an Assistant Professor at Princeton University from 1986 to 1991, and then an Associate Professor (1991-1997) and Full Professor (1997–present) at the University of Oregon. She moved to the University of Bristol in 2011 on a Research Professorship funded by the AXA insurance.[5][8]

Cashman studies links between chemical and physical factors that control magma ascent, eruption, and emplacement on the Earth's surface. She has studied volcanoes on all seven continents and explored a wide range of eruption styles. She is best known for her work that links the kinetics of bubble and crystal formation to the behaviour of volcanic materials, but has worked on problems that span from the chemical to physical to social aspects of volcanism. She has worked with all the US volcano observatories and served on the Scientific Advisory Committee for the island of Montserrat.[3][9][10]

Her research uses a combination of volcanology, igneous petrology, kinetics, microscopy and fluid dynamics with a focus on mafic volcanoes. This includes channel development in Hawaiian lava flows and volcanic ash formation in eruptions. She also has interests in intermediate composition and silicic volcanoes, particularly at Mount St. Helens.[11][12]

Awards and honours[edit]

Cashman was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 2016.[13] She was also elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 2016.[3] As of 2016 she holds a Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award.[5] She is a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and is a member of the Academia Europaea.[3][4][14] She is a member of the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior (IACVEI).[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Katharine V. Cashman at Library of Congress Authorities
  2. ^ a b "Katharine Cashman CV". uoregon.edu. Archived from the original on 2013-01-18.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Professor Katherine Cashman FRS". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 2016-04-29. One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from the royalsociety.org website where:

    "All text published under the heading 'Biography' on Fellow profile pages is available under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License." --"Royal Society Terms, conditions and policies". Archived from the original on 2015-09-25. Retrieved 2016-03-09.

  4. ^ a b Hoffmann, Ilire Hasani, Robert. "Academy of Europe: List Members By Alphabet". ae-info.org. Retrieved 2016-06-11.
  5. ^ a b c d e "About Professor Katharine Cashman". Bristol: University of Bristol. Archived from the original on 2016-04-30.
  6. ^ Cashman, Katharine Venable (1987). Crystal size distribution in igneous and metamorphic rocks (PhD thesis). Johns Hopkins University. OCLC 78821149.
  7. ^ Cashman, Katharine V.; Marsh, Bruce D. (1988). "Crystal size distribution (CSD) in rocks and the kinetics and dynamics of crystallization II: Makaopuhi lava lake". Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology. 99 (3): 292–305. doi:10.1007/BF00375363.
  8. ^ "Katharine Cashman: AXA Chair in Volcanology". axa-research.org. Archived from the original on 2016-05-01.
  9. ^ Klug, Caroline; Cashman, Katharine V. (1996). "Permeability development in vesiculating magmas: implications for fragmentation". Bulletin of Volcanology. 58 (2–3): 87–100. doi:10.1007/s004450050128.
  10. ^ Katharine Cashman publications indexed by Google Scholar
  11. ^ "Professor Katharine V Cashman". Bristol: University of Bristol. Archived from the original on 2016-05-01.
  12. ^ Cashman, Katharine V. (1992). "Groundmass crystallization of Mount St. Helens dacite, 1980–1986: a tool for interpreting shallow magmatic processes". Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology. 109 (4): 431–449. doi:10.1007/BF00306547.
  13. ^ "National Academy of Sciences Members and Foreign Associates Elected". Retrieved 2016-05-05.
  14. ^ "Katharine Cashman MAE". ae-info.org. Archived from the original on 2016-03-07.