Katherine Duer Mackay
Katherine Alexander Duer Mackay (1878-1930) was a suffragist and socialite from New York city. She was the founder of the Equal Franchise Society. Her involvement with the woman's suffrage movement "encouraged other wealthy women to follow her lead and become involved." She was also the first female member of the Roslyn school board.
Mackay was born in New York City in 1878. Mackay was a direct descendant of Lady Kitty Duer, daughter of Lord Stirling. She married Clarence H. Mackay in 1898. Katherine Mackay was well known in connection with Harbor Hill where she was involved with philanthropy and education. She lived in Roslyn from 1898 to 1910. In 1899, Mackay refurbished Roslyn's public library, the William Cullen Bryant Library. She installed new carpet, replaced books and hired two librarians. Mackay would invite people, and children to the house for various functions. Once, the Trinity Episcopal Sunday School members were invited to Harbor Hill for a picnic where the children inducted her as an "honorary knight." Mackay served on the Roslyn School board from 1905 to 1910, and was the first woman on the board. During her term on the board, she was able to successfully remove corporal punishment from the public schools in Roslyn. She also enrolled her own children in the public schools in Roslyn because she felt that "it is necessary for the rich as well as the poor to patronize them."
Mackay became the president of the Equal Franchise Society (EFS), which she founded, in 1908. She leased offices for the group's meetings in the Madison Square Building. Mackay's involvement in the suffrage movement helped combat the stereotype of suffragists as "frumpy" or "unwomanly."In March 1909, the EFS resolved to work towards suffrage for women in New York, hoping they could pave the way for suffrage across the country by 1914. Mackay encouraged people to become educated about suffrage and organized a series of lectures at the Garden Theater. By 1911, she found that being the president of EFS was too time consuming for her, but she retained her membership in the group. Speculation that Mackay left EFS for reasons other than demands on her time included her apparent "dissatisfaction over the management of the campaign to get suffrage bills passed by the Legislature."
Dr. Joseph A. Blake became the personal physician for Clarence Mackay and operated on him twice. Gossip about a possible illicit relationship between the doctor of Clarence Mackay, Dr. Blake and Katherine Mackay had started in the summer of 1911. Prior to that, Blake and his wife had already lived apart for several years. Hints that Katherine and Clarence Mackay were separating came in July 1913. Mackay was sued by Catherine Ketcham Blake for the alienation of affections of her husband in 1913 for the sum of $1,000,000. Answering the claims of Catherine Blake, Mackay said that Joseph Blake had stopped loving his wife many years ago because of her temper and "death threats." Catherine Blake eventually dropped the suit later that year. Mackay and her husband, Clarence, were divorced in February 1914. She also gave up her American citizenship. Full custody of their three children, Katherine Duer, Ellin Duer and John William, was given to Clarence Mackay. On November 28, 1914, she married Blake in Paris.
In Paris, Mackay continued to fight for women's suffrage, contributing to the Woman Suffrage Party from overseas. The couple was involved in aiding the war effort during World War I. In 1919, they decided to come back to New York. Later, her marriage to Blake would also end in divorce. Mackay attempted to reconcile with her former husband, Clarence in 1930, but she died that same year.
Mackay wrote a novel, The Stone of Destiny, published in 1904.
- Petrash 2013, p. 104.
- Petrash 2013, p. 99.
- Titherington, R. H. (August 1905). "Mrs. Clarence Mackay (Miss Katherine Duer)". Munsey's Magazine. Digital History Project. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
- "Will Society Forgive and Welcome Clarence Mackay's Divorced Wife?". The Washington Times. 13 April 1919. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- Naylor 2012, p. 87.
- Wilson 2008, p. 122.
- "Mrs. Mackay Entertains Over 500 Children" (PDF). The New York Times. 18 June 1905. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- "Mrs. Mackay Knighted" (PDF). The New York Times. 1 August 1909. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- Naylor 2012, p. 116.
- "'Mrs. Mackay Is All Right'" (PDF). The New York Times. 16 August 1906. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- Downing, Margaret B. (25 October 1908). "Mrs. Clarence Mackay, Wife of a Millionaire Works for Woman's Suffrage". Evening Star. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- Petrash 2013, p. 101.
- "Mrs. Clarence Mackay". Miller NAWSA Suffrage Scrapbooks, 1897-1911. The Library of Congress. March 1909. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
- Petrash 2013, p. 101-102.
- "Wants Women to Get City Votes First". The New York Times. 26 March 1909. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- Petrash 2013, p. 102.
- "Mrs. Mackay Quits As Suffrage Head". The New York Times. 13 April 1911. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- "Mackays Obtain Divorce in Paris" (PDF). The New York Times. 19 February 1914. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- "Trace Author and His 'Poison Pen'". The Times Dispatch. 28 September 1913. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- "A Melodrama in High Life Called - 'The Curse of a Dying Woman'". The Washington Herald. 3 January 1915. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- "Mystery in Rich Mackay Family As Father Spirits Children Away". The Day Book. 1 July 1913. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- "Mrs. Mackay Denies Mrs. Blake's Charge" (PDF). The New York Times. 26 September 1913. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- "Mrs. Blake's Fault, Mrs. Mackay Says" (PDF). The New York Times. 16 October 1913. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- "No Blake-Mackay Suit" (PDF). The New York Times. 11 November 1913. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- Polsky, Carol (28 February 2008). "Roslyn's Grandest House: Harbor Hill in New Book". Newsday. Retrieved 15 March 2016 – via EBSCO. (Subscription required (. ))
- Greeley-Smith, Nixola (25 March 1914). "What Did Mrs mackay Give Up Her Husband and Children For?". Day Book. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- "Dr. Blake Marries Mrs. Mackay in Paris" (PDF). The New York Times. 29 November 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- "Dr. and Mrs. Blake Aid Suffrage" (PDF). The New York Times. 14 November 1915. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
- Petrash 2013, p. 103.
- "Katherine Duer Mackay, the First Mrs. Clarence Mackay, c. 1905". Clarence H. Mackay, Harbor Hill and the Postal Telegraph. 21 May 2006. Retrieved 16 March 2016.
- Naylor, Natalie A. (2012). Women in Long Island's Past: A History of Eminent Ladies and Everyday Lives. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press. ISBN 9781609494995.
- Petrash, Antonia (2013). Long Island and the Woman Suffrage Movement. London: The History Press. ISBN 9781609497682.
- Schaffer, Ronald (July 1962). "The New York City Woman Suffrage Party, 1909-1919". New York State Historical Association. 43 (3): 269–287. JSTOR 23153512. (Subscription required (. ))
- Wilson, Richard Guy (2008). Harbor Hill: Portrait of a House. New York: W.W. Norton & Company. ISBN 9780393732160.
- "Woman Suffrage". The Public. 12. 5 November 1909. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
- The Stone of Destiny (1904)