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Katherine Hoover

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Katherine Hoover
Katherine Lacy Hoover

(1937-12-02)2 December 1937
Died21 September 2018(2018-09-21) (aged 80)
Resting placeCremated; ashes scattered in a place of family significance.
Alma materEastman School of Music (Bachelor of Music in Music Theory)
(Performer's Certificate in Flute)
Manhattan School of Music (Master of Music in Music Theory)
  • Composer
  • Flutist
  • Educator
  • Publisher
  • Author
Years active1959–2018
TitleCo-Founder of Papagena Press (1988)
Spouse(s)Richard V. Goodwin
(m. 1985-2018)
John Christopher Schwab
(m. 1964-1972)
Musical career
  • flutes
  • piano

Katherine Hoover (December 2, 1937 – September 21, 2018) was an American composer of Contemporary classical music and Chamber music, flutist, teacher of Musical composition and Music theory, poet, and later a conductor of her music.[1][2] Her career as a composer began when few women composers earned recognition in Classical music in the 1970s.[3][4] As shown in her list of known works, she has composed pieces for solo flute, mixed ensembles, chamber orchestra, choir, full orchestra, and many other combinations of instruments and voice. Some of her flute pieces incorporated Native American themes.[5][6]

Her work has received many honors, including a National Endowment for the Arts Composer's Fellowship, an American Academy of Arts and Letters Award in composition, and the National Flute Association's Lifetime Achievement Award, where she is remembered by as an "artist, flutist, teacher, entrepreneur, poet, and, most notably, a distinguished composer."[7] Also, there are two works where she cowrote under the pseudonym Kathryn Scott.[8][9]

Biography/life and career[edit]

Katherine Lacey Hoover was born on December 2, 1937, in Elkins, West Virginia, where her mother's family was from. They lived in Washington, D.C. 2017 Hillyer Pl NW, near Dupont Circle. She remembers her love for music started at the age of three when she was entranced by the melodies of Mozart. Standing in front of a large record player, young Hoover felt captivated by the music. That moment ignited her passion for music, and she has been pursuing it ever since.[10][11][12]

The onset of World War II brought significant changes to Hoover's life. Her father, driven by a sense of duty, asked to be reassigned to the Department of Agriculture's Eastern Regional Research Center in Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania, a suburb of Philadelphia. A role better suited to his expertise in pasteurization also contributed directly to the war effort. This relocation marked the beginning of a new chapter for the family. Leaving their familiar surroundings, the family rented their home in D.C. and relocated to a two-family house on Linden Rd. Katherine's father happily took advantage of walking to work at the research center. However, the private consequences of moving from the city to suburbia have not been detailed. [11][12]

Katherine Hoover (newborn's home 1937)

When Hoover's family moved to Linden Road, her father rescued a piano their neighbors were about to abandon. Despite being out of tune and having broken pedal action, her father had the piano tuned, and this fueled Katherine's passionate and persistent pleas for piano lessons. Thus, at age five, her dream became a reality when she began piano lessons. Although her parents had no musical training, they supported Katherine's artistic inclinations. Hoover fondly remembered those early days, saying, "[Her parents] would play a game, just putting their hands down anywhere in any combination and asking me what notes they were playing. Then, turn to young Hoover to query the notes they had just played. This unique ear training, Katherine believes, contributed significantly to her development of perfect pitch, a rare and invaluable gift. [11][12]

In primary school, Hoover was given the option to learn how to play the clarinet as her first instrument. However, she did not enjoy playing it because it caused discomfort due to biting, pressure, and being in the wrong key. She was ecstatic when her music teacher offered her the chance to play the flute instead, and she began taking flute lessons in fourth grade at the age of eight. [11][12]

During her high school years at Springfield Township, Hoover found a diverse musical education. She participated in various musical activities, including bands, marching bands, and the Eastern Pennsylvania State Band. Additionally, she was a member of the "Quintones" singers for five years, which led to her numerous appearances on radio and early television programs. Overall, she had a rich musical education, which helped her hone and develop her talents. Later in life, when asked about her scholastic music instruction, Katherine apologetically responded that it was "mediocre." Expressing the desire for a faster learning curve in hindsight, especially considering her artistic aspirations.

University of Rochester[edit]

Hoover's parents didn't see music as a viable career option, probably due to their experiences during the Great Depression. Consequently, they pushed her towards academics, thus began her academic journey in 1955 at the University of Rochester, where she pursued a general studies major. After two years of general studies, Katherine transferred to the Eastman School of Music to follow her passion. However, her experience was different than expected. Hoover was often ignored and discouraged as the only woman in her classes. Katherine candidly expressed her disappointment, saying, "There were no women involved with composition. [I got] rather discouraged – being the only woman in my classes, being ignored, and so forth." While at Eastman, I learned of Nadia Boulanger, who has taught in France and the USA for decades.[12][13]

Hoover earned a Bachelor of Music in Music Theory with honors in 1959. She accomplished a double major and was awarded the prestigious Performer's Certificate in Flute, a testament to her musical prowess. This certificate also allowed her to perform solo with an orchestra, a significant achievement at Eastman. Her studies at Eastman acquainted her with the American Flute School movement through Joseph Mariano, a distinguished student of William Kincaid, and was highly regarded by eminent conductors such as Toscanini, Fritz Reiner, and Eugene Ormandy throughout his career.[10][12][14][15]

William Kincad


After graduating, Hoover spent two years studying with William Kincaid and Hungarian pianist Agi Jambor. According to Katherine, Kincaid was a renowned flutist and teacher who taught her much about the phrasing of the Kincaid/Tabuteau school. This became the foundation of her playing, musical understanding, and writing. Katherine said that Kincaid's standards were very high, and she had to work hard to meet them.[12]

She also had the privilege to study with Mme. Agi Jambor, a distinguished pianist. Jambo had a great love for and specialized in Bach. Jambor was forced to flee Hungary during World War II. Katherine said that she learned a lot from Jambor by listening to her play and speak about Bach. Jambor taught and performed at Bryn Mawr College, and Katherine worked as a residential advisor at an undergraduate dormitory there. Later in her career, Katherine, as a member and board member of The New York Flute Club, wrote that she owed much of her success to her mentor, William Kincaid, who taught her more about music than any other composer.[16]

New York City[edit]

Several years after graduating, Hoover moved to New York, where she established herself as a flutist and teacher. She taught flute at the preparatory division of the Juilliard School and also at several other small schools, including the Third Street Music School from, 1962 to 1967. In 1964, she married John Christopher Schwab, (m.1964-1972). [10][13][17][18]

Hoover's career as a composer began slowly. As a scholastic student, she was unaware of any notable contemporary classical female composers. A decade later, after settling in New York, she published her first work, Three Carols (1972), for SSA chorus and flute, through Carl Fischer.[17][19] During this period, she worked as a freelance flutist for multiple ballet and opera companies.[3]

From 1969 Hoover taught flute and music theory at the Manhattan School of Music (1969-1984). During this time, she analyzed a wide range of music scores and learned a great deal about compositional techniques.[12][16] She also continued her graduate studies and earned a Master of Music in Music Theory in 1973. For eleven years, Hoover served as a faculty member at the Manhattan School of Music.[10][20]

Hoover was actively involved with women's arts organizations and dedicated her efforts to promoting the works of women composers to the public. In 1977, she collaborated with the Women's Inter-Art Center in New York and organized three festivals, namely Festivals I, II, and III of Women's Music. These festivals showcased the music of 55 women composers, both historical and contemporary.[21][22] Her efforts in this area have been continuous as demonstrated by being the composer in residence for the Fourth Festival of Women Composers at Indiana University of Pennsylvania (1996).

In 1978, Hoover's growth as a composer was recognized when she became a finalist for the Kennedy Center Friedheim Award's Outstanding New American Chamber Work. She repeated this achievement the following year and was also awarded a National Endowment for the Arts Composer's Fellowship in 1979. These successes marked significant milestones in her career.

Beginning in1984, Hoover taught theory and composition to graduate students as a faculty member at Teachers College, Columbia University (1984-1989).[23]

Katherine has expressed pride in her ability to create works for specific performers using different instruments. Two examples being: "Stitch-te Naku" for Cello and Orchestra, which was written for cellist Sharon Robinson and the "Clarinet Concerto," which was performed by jazz clarinetist Eddie Daniels."[11][24]

In 1988 Papagena Press was cofounded by Hoover with her husband (Richard Goodwin, married in 1985) to publish her works. Kokopeli (1990), a solo flute composition inspired by Kokopelli, the Hopi tribe and the American Southwest was the first piece to be published.[3]

Katherine Hoover performs her Kokopeli for flute

It won the National Flute Association's Newly Published Music Competition in 1991 and is one of six NFA Newly Published Music awards received by Hoover.[7][21]

Hoover had always written poetry since her youth finding both a striking difference and similarity between music and words. "This Way About"(2015).[25] was her first book of poetry where she shares glimpses into her life.[26]



Title Notable Compositions
Kokopeli Composed in 1986, this work for solo flute was awarded the National Flute Association's Newly Published Music Award, 1991.
Eleni Composed in 1979, this work for orchestra premiered by the Harrisburg Symphony with Larry Newland conducting.[citation needed]
Clarinet Concerto Compose the 1987, this work was premiered by Eddie Daniels with the Santa Fe Symphony.
Dances and Variations Composed in 1995, was the subject of Emmy winning PBS Documentary, Deborah Novak's[27] New Music.
Winter Spirits Composed in 1997, Premiered by Jeffrey Khaner, National Flute Association Convention, 1997.
The String Quartets Composed in 1998 and 2004, for the Colorado String Quartet.[28]
Mountain & Mesa Composed in 2008, this work for flute and piano was premiered by Mimi Stillman and Jeremy Gill[29] in 2009.
Canyon Shadows With the composer's original manuscript date of 1997, this work was posthumously edited by Joanne Lazaro[30] in 2019 and was awarded the NFA's Newly Published Music Award Co-winner in 2020.

Compositional style[edit]

Hoover's unique compositional style bears the unmistakable imprint of her mentors Joseph Mariano and William Kincaid.[31] One foundational aspect of her music, as she acknowledges, is the concept of transitioning from a weak beat to a strong beat - a lesson she learned from Mariano and Kincaid. While valuable, the conventional notation system can sometimes overshadow the importance of auditory perception. Barlines, the equivalent of stop signs in music scores, are inserted before each downbeat in musical notation, sending a clear visual signal to halt the musical flow. Hoover's desire for long, unimpeded musical phrases led her to break free from the restrictive walls they imposed. Her compositions are liberated from such constraints and invite musicians to respond not only to the written notes but also to the sounds of the piece and the acoustics of the performance space. This influences the tempo, interpretation, and the duration of rests and fermatas.[19]

Hoover's formal training under her mentors is evident, but she humbly admits that her journey as a composer also involved a significant degree of self-discovery. Her tenure as a theory teacher at the Manhattan School enabled her to deeply delve into the intricacies of compositional techniques, further enriching her musical arsenal.[12] This scholarly pursuit went hand in hand with her remarkable gift of perfect pitch, which allowed her to explore how individuals interact with and interpret sound. This profound insight became invaluable as she advanced on her creative journey as a composer, always seeking the distinctive. This insight has been shared individually, with both Alicia Joyelle Kosack and Kristine H. Burns, Ed.[17][32]

"Hoover composes with the effects peculiar to each individual instrument in mind, incorporating such effects into the thematic and emotive content of the work at hand. . . . [While some] demonstrate a great gift for expressive lyricism, . . . [others] are notable for rhythmically dynamic passages laced with incisive dissonance but often mingled with elements of jazz and well-timed humor."

Hoover's compositional style is widely recognized for its unique and romantic character, often described as a "romantic, often pictorial atonal style." Her music is known for its clarity and elegance, with moments of stunning beauty arising from her occasionally dissonant harmonies.[33][34]

The following three elements define Hoover's work are references to non-musical sources, quotations and manipulations, and the use of abstract techniques.[13]

Extra-musical references[edit]

A modern, commercialized Kokopelli figure

Hoover's compositions draw inspiration from a diverse range of sources - Native American music in flute pieces, such as "Kokopeli," "Winter Spirits," and "To Greet the Sun," Nicholas Gage's "Eleni" in an orchestral tone poem, Barbara Tuchman's "A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous Fourteenth Century" in "Medieval Suite," and a painting of the starry night sky in "Night Skies." These are just a few examples of Extra-Musical References giving her music a vivid and pictorial quality that resonates with audiences.[3][12][35]

Quotations and manipulations[edit]

Hoover skillfully incorporates musical quotations and adapts melodies from other composers into her compositions, creating a rich tapestry of musical influences. For example, in "Celebration," she blends her thematic material with direct quotations from well-known flute works, retaining their original form and showcasing her ability to create captivating hybrids. Notably, her use of musical quotation is not always overt, as seen in the innovative ways she quotes Guillaume de Machaut's "Virelai No. 17, Dame, vostre doulz viaire debonair" in the first movement of "Medieval Suite." These two examples demonstrate her talent for manipulating melodies and integrating these adaptations with her original material.[13][34] This is confirmed by Cathy Hancock Hicks:[36]

“Hoover openly borrows from the compositional techniques of other composers. At Eastman, she worked with a student of Hindemith, … and became familiar with Hindemith’s theories of consonance and dissonance. Bartok also influenced Hoover’s music, particularly in the harmonies she utilizes… related to the “split-root” or “major-diminished” chord… [as heard in the] final movement of Medieval Suite. Bartok’s influence is also clear in the title of her first woodwind quintet, Homage to Bartok (1975).”

Use of the abstract[edit]

Hoover's ability to craft musical quotations extends beyond the overt, as seen in the subtle and innovative ways she incorporates them into her compositions. For instance, in the first movement of "Medieval Suite," she masterfully quotes Guillaume de Machaut's "Virelai No. 17" in fragmented form, altering its pitch level. Subsequently, an extended quote appears at the original pitch level, achieved through the use of harmonics overblown at the twelfth. These adaptations seamlessly merge with her original material. Throughout the composition, listeners encounter additional musical quotations, including references to the iconic "Dies Irae" in the final movement, titled "Demon's Dance."[13]

Katherine Hoover had a deep understanding of music, especially in playing an instrument. She believed that being proficient in an instrument gave one a unique advantage in understanding the intricacies of creating music at a high level. This knowledge fostered a deep respect for performers and their unique needs.[34] Hoover's expertise in composing for the flute was evident in her idiomatic flute compositions. However, she was also skilled in composing for a wide range of instruments and ensemble configurations, including orchestral and concertos. While she explored various musical avenues, a significant portion of her work focused on chamber compositions. This was a practical choice considering the evolving landscape of orchestral programming and conductor involvement.[34]

Katherine Hoover's music thrives on the interplay of extra-musical references, skillful adaptation of other composers' melodies, and the harmonious fusion of these elements with her original compositions. This creates a captivating body of work that is imaginative and musically inventive. She balances musical expression with performer considerations, ensuring that even challenging passages maintain their lyrical elegance.

Perhaps the greatest praise of Katherine Hoover's ability comes from composer John Corigliano, who describes her as an extraordinary composer with a wide and fascinating musical vocabulary, dazzling craftsmanship, and the promise of well-deserved recognition on a broader scale.[37]


As a flutist, Hoover has performed other compossers works, as well as her own. The following is a selected list of her recorded performances.

Title Album details Work performed Composer Instrument
Original Broadway Cast

"Jesus Christ Superstar"

Release: 1971[38]
Music LP
Jesus Christ Superstar Soundtrack Andrew Lloyd Webber Flute & Piccolo
Music Of

Dale Jergenson

Release: 1977[39]
Music LP
Tanka Pieces Dale Jergenson Flute
Sonata da chiesa Release: 1982[40]
Music LP
Sonata Da Chiesa



Frank Martin

Nancy Laird Chance

Ursula Mamlok




New Music for Flute Release: 1984[41]
Music LP
The Medieval Suite






Chaitkin Release: 1981[42]
Music LP, CD, eMusic
Summersong David Chaitkin fl
Journeys Release: 1987[43]
Music CD
Summer Night Hoover fl
Kokopeli :

Katherine Hoover plays

Release: 2001[44]
Music CD

  1. Sonata no. 2, in G
  2. Sonata no. 4, in A
  3. Sonata in G, K. 27
  4. Sonata no. 2, in F minor
  5. Carmen-Entr'acte
  6. Trio of the young Ishmaelite
  7. Winter spirits
  8. Masks
  9. Kokopeli
  1. Pleyel
  2. J.C. Bach
  3. Mozart
  4. Abe
  5. Bizet-Delsaux
  6. Berlioz
  7. Hoover
  8. Hoover
  9. Hoover
  1. 1911 wooden fl
  2. 1911 wooden fl
  3. 1911 wooden fl
  4. 1911 wooden fl
  5. fl
  6. fl
  7. fl
  8. fl
  9. fl

Honors and awards[edit]


  1. ^ Smith, Catherine Parsons (2001). "Hoover, Katherine". Grove Music Online. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.47047. Retrieved 2023-11-19.
  2. ^ "Rochester Review :: University of Rochester". www.rochester.edu. Retrieved 2022-01-16.
  3. ^ a b c d Jicha, Victoria (May 4, 2020). "Flute Talk". theinstrumentalist.com. Retrieved 2022-01-23.
  4. ^ Alex Ambrose (August 21, 2014). "Her Music: Today's Emerging Female Composer". WQXR. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
  5. ^ Begay, Heidi Kay (2009). Finding the Hopi-Indian Traits in Katherine Hoover's "Kokopeli and Winter Spirits" for Solo Flute. Northwestern State University of Louisiana.
  6. ^ Wang, Ariel (2021-01-29). "The Cultural Cost of Celebrating Katherine Hoover". The Phillipian. Retrieved 2023-09-14.
  7. ^ a b c d "Katherine Hoover 2016 Lifetime Achievement Award". The National Flute Association. Retrieved 9 December 2021.
  8. ^ "Candlelight dreams /Scott & DuVillier". publicrecords.copyright.gov. 1981. Retrieved 2022-08-07.
  9. ^ "So loved from afar /Scott & DuVillier". publicrecords.copyright.gov. 1981. Retrieved 2022-12-01.
  10. ^ a b c d Jezic, Diane Peacock (November 1, 1994). Women Composers: The Lost Tradition Found (2nd ed.). City University of New York: Feminist Press. pp. 165–172. ISBN 978-1558610743.
  11. ^ a b c d e "Biography". Papagena Press. Archived from the original on 13 December 2021. Retrieved 2021-12-13.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Grames, E. (August 2016). "Women's Work - A Conversation with Composer Katherine Hoover". www.web-s-ebscohost-com.wikipedialibrary.idm.oclc.org. Fanfare: The Magazine for Serious Record Collectors. pp. 82–98.
  13. ^ a b c d e Yarrison, Eileen Anne (December 1996). "The "Medieval Suite" for flute and piano by Katherine Hoover: An examination, analysis and performance guide" (Theses/Dissertations). ETD Collection for University of Nebraska - Lincoln. University of Nebraska - Lincoln: University of Nebraska - Lincoln: 1–167.
  14. ^ Cohen, Aaron (1987). "Hoover, Katherine". International Encyclopedia of Women Composers: 328.
  15. ^ "Joseph Mariano - Eastman School of Music". 2011-05-24. Retrieved 2023-09-12.
  16. ^ a b c "NYFC archive Katherine Hoover". nyfluteclub.org. New York Flute Club. Retrieved 23 December 2021.
  17. ^ a b c Kosack, Alicia Joyelle (2010). American Women Composers: Selected Published Works for Flute And Piano and for Unaccompanied Flute Composed Between 1930 and 2008. College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park. pp. 17–20.
  18. ^ "John Schwab to Wed Katherine L. Hoover". The New York Times. June 17, 1964. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  19. ^ a b Hicks, Cathy Hancock (2004). "Soloistic Flute Music by Katherine Hoover" (Thesis / Dissertation).
  20. ^ Genzlinger, Neil. "Katherine Hoover, Flutist and Composer, Is Dead at 80". The New York Times. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  21. ^ a b Zara Lawler (2013). "KATHERINE HOOVER: A day in the life of a composer" (PDF). New York Flute Club Newsletter. No. May. New York Flute Club. pp. 1, 4–5. Retrieved 23 December 2021.
  22. ^ Roper, Tia. "75th Birthday Tributes from Katherine Hoover's Friends and Colleagues" (PDF). NYFC Newsletter. No. May. New York Flute Club. p. 7. Retrieved 23 December 2021.
  23. ^ "Fine Art". Who's Who Newsletters. 2019-01-04. Retrieved 2022-01-24.
  24. ^ Corigliano, John. "Katherine Hoover - Classical Music Daily". www.classicalmusicdaily.com. Classical Music Daily. Retrieved February 22, 2022.
  25. ^ Hoover, Katherine (2015). This way about. iUniverse. ISBN 978-1491760376.
  26. ^ Hoover, Katherine (June 1, 2016). "(Hoover reads)"Bach: Preclude in C"". /www.youtube.com. #100DaysToNFA2016. Retrieved 23 December 2021.
  27. ^ Deborah Novak | About Us | The Charleston Ballet
  28. ^ "Classical.com". classical.com. Retrieved 2023-11-21.
  29. ^ Bio | Jeremy Gill (jeremytgill.com)
  31. ^ Stevenson, Joseph. "Winter Spirits, for flute Details". AllMusic. Retrieved 2023-09-20.
  32. ^ Burns, Kristine Helen (2002). Women and music in America since 1900: an encyclopedia. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-1-57356-267-6. OL 15553975M.
  33. ^ Allen Gimbel, “Guide to Records: Hoover” American Record Guide (1999): 123
  34. ^ a b c d Catherine P. Smith, “Interview with Katherine Hoover.” IAWM Journal (2006)
  35. ^ Hoover, Katherine (2010). "Alumni Notes" (PDF). Eastman School of Music-Notes. 28 (1). 26 Gibbs Street, Rochester, NY, 14604: 23 – via Eastman School of Music, University of Rochester.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: location (link)
  36. ^ "Papagena Press". papagenapress.net. 2022. Archived from the original on January 17, 2022. Retrieved January 14, 2022.
  37. ^ "Dr. Dick's Market Square Concerts Blog". marketsquareconcerts.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2023-09-19.
  38. ^ Andrew Lloyd Webber (1971). Jesus Christ Superstar Original Cast (Music LP). www.worldcat.org (Broadway play recording). London, United Kingdom: Decca. OCLC 1066769143. Retrieved February 20, 2022. Original Broadway Cast
  39. ^ Dale Jergenson (1977). Music Of Dale Jergenson (Music LP). www.worldcat.org (theatre studio recording). United States: Grenadilla Records. OCLC 6193450. Retrieved February 20, 2022. Music Of Dale Jergenson
  40. ^ Frank Martin; Nancy Laird Chance; Ursula Mamlok (1982). Sonata da chiesa (Music LP). www.worldcat.org (studio recordings). Greenville,Maine: Opus One-Number72. OCLC 8370644. Retrieved February 20, 2022. Daysongs / Sonata da chiesa / Variations for Solo Flute
  41. ^ Katherine Hoover (1984). New music for flute (Music LP). www.worldcat.org (studio recordings). New York, N.Y.: Leonarda. OCLC 11216050. Retrieved February 20, 2022.
  42. ^ Sylvan Winds. "Chaitkin". worldcat.org. Recorded June 13, 1983, Church of the Holy Trinity, New York City. OCLC 866591733. Retrieved 2023-11-25.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: location (link)
  43. ^ Journeys, track-5 (Music CD). www.worldcat.org (studio recording). New York, N.Y.: Leonarda. 1987. OCLC 1069324064. Retrieved February 20, 2022.
  44. ^ Katherine Hoover (2001). Kokopeli : Katherine Hoover plays (Music CD) (studio recording). Woodstock, NY: Parnassus Records. OCLC 56131088. Retrieved February 20, 2022 – via www.worldcat.org.
  45. ^ Hendrix, Michael (8 December 2017). "Member Laureate - Sigma Alpha Iota International Music Fraternity". www.sai-national.org. Archived from the original on June 17, 2019.
  46. ^ Flute & company : flute music / by Katherine Hoover (1 CD audio disc, LE-349). New York: LE-349 Leonarda. LCCN 2002591784. OCLC 46437306. Retrieved 2022-12-01.
  47. ^ NYSMTA. "Home". nysmta. Retrieved 2022-01-16.
  48. ^ "The Wikipedia Library". wikipedialibrary.wmflabs.org. Retrieved 2023-10-06.
  49. ^ "Winners-May-2018". www.globalmusicawards.com. Retrieved 2022-01-16.

External links[edit]