Katherine Paterson

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Katherine Paterson
Katherine Paterson
Katherine Paterson
BornKatherine Womeldorf[1]
(1932-10-31) 31 October 1932 (age 89)
Huai'an, Jiangsu, Republic of China
GenreChildren's and young- novels
Notable works
Notable awardsNational Book Award
1977, 1979
Newbery Medal
1977, 1981
Hans Christian Andersen Award
Astrid Lindgren Award
NSK Neustadt Prize for Children's Literature
Laura Ingalls Wilder Medal

Katherine Womeldorf Paterson (born October 31, 1932)[1] is a Chinese-born American writer best known for children's novels, including Bridge to Terabithia. For four different books published 1975-1980, she won two Newbery Medals and two National Book Awards. She is one of four people to win the two major international awards; for "lasting contribution to children's literature" she won the biennial Hans Christian Andersen Award for Writing in 1998[2][3] and for her career contribution to "children's and young adult literature in the broadest sense" she won the Astrid Lindgren Memorial Award from the Swedish Arts Council in 2006, the biggest monetary prize in children's literature.[4] Also for her body of work she was awarded the NSK Neustadt Prize for Children's Literature in 2007[5] and the Laura Ingalls Wilder Medal from the American Library Association in 2013.[6][7] She was the second U.S. National Ambassador for Young People's Literature, serving 2010 and 2011.[8]

Early life[edit]

Katherine Womeldorf was born in Qing Jiang, China,[9] to Presbyterian Missionaries Rev. G. (George) Raymond and Mary Womeldorf.[10] Her father supported her family by preaching and heading Sutton 690, a boys’ school. The Womeldorf family lived in a Chinese neighborhood and immersed themselves in Chinese culture. When Katherine was five years old, the family fled China during the Japanese invasion of 1937. Her family returned to the United States at the onset of World War II.[11]

Paterson said during World War II, her parents and four siblings lived in Virginia and North Carolina, and when her family’s return to China was indefinitely postponed, they moved to various towns in North Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia, before her parents settled in Winchester, Virginia.[9] The Womeldorf family moved 15 times over 13 years.[12]

Higher education[edit]

Paterson's first language was Chinese, and she initially experienced difficulty reading and writing English. She overcame these challenges and, in 1954, graduated summa cum laude with a degree in English from King College in Bristol, Tennessee. She then spent a year teaching at a rural elementary school in Virginia before going to graduate school.[13] She received a master's degree from the Presbyterian School of Christian Education (Richmond, VA), where she studied Bible and Christian education.[14] Paterson had hoped to be a missionary in China, but its borders were closed to western citizens. A Japanese friend pushed her to go to Japan instead, where she worked as a missionary and Christian education assistant. While in Japan, Paterson studied both Japanese and Chinese culture, which influenced much of her subsequent writing.

Writing years[edit]

Paterson began her professional career in the Presbyterian Church in 1964 by writing curriculum materials for fifth and sixth graders.[15]

In 1966, she wrote the religious education book Who Am I?. While continuing to write, she was unable to get any of her novels published. After being persuaded, Paterson took an adult education course in creative writing during which her first novel was published. Her first children's novel, The Sign of the Chrysanthemum, was published in 1973. It is a work of historical fiction, set in the Japanese medieval period; it is based on Paterson's studies in Japan. Bridge to Terabithia, her most widely read work, was published in 1977. Terabithia was highly controversial due to some of the difficult themes.[16] Bridge to Terabithia is the most popular book she has written.

Some of her other books also feature difficult themes such as the death of a loved one. In her 2007 NSK Prize Lecture at the University of Oklahoma, Paterson said she has spent the last "more than forty years" of her life as a writer, and her books seem "to be filled with heroes of the most unlikely sort."[17]

Recent years[edit]

Katherine Paterson is currently vice-president of the National Children's Book and Literacy Alliance, a non-profit organization that advocates for literacy, literature, and libraries.[15] Paterson lives in Barre, Vermont. Her husband John Barstow Paterson, a retired Presbyterian pastor, died in 2013.[16] She has four children and seven grandchildren.[17]

On April 28, 2005, Paterson dedicated a tree in memory of Lisa Hill (her son David's childhood friend who became the inspiration for Bridge to Terabithia) to Takoma Park Elementary School. Paterson still does school visits but chooses to stick to schools that are close to her Vermont home. In 2006, she released Bread and Roses, Too. She was inspired to write this book after seeing a photograph of 35 children taken on the steps of the Old Socialist Labor Hall in Barre captioned, "Children of Lawrence Massachusetts, Bread and Roses Strike come to Barre".

She has written a play version of the story by Beatrix Potter, The Tale of Jemima Puddle-Duck. It was performed at a conference of the Beatrix Potter Society in Fresno, CA in April 2009.

In January 2010, Paterson replaced Jon Scieszka as the Library of Congress National Ambassador for Young People's Literature, a two-year position created to raise national awareness of the importance of lifelong literacy and education.[8][18][19]

In 2011, Paterson gave the Annual Buechner Lecture at The Buechner Institute at her alma mater, King University.

In January 2013, Paterson received the biennial Laura Ingalls Wilder Medal from the American Library Association, which recognizes a living author or illustrator whose books, published in the United States, have made "a substantial and lasting contribution to literature for children". Citing Bridge to Terabithia in particular, the committee noted that "Paterson's unflinching yet redemptive treatment of tragedy and loss helped pave the way for ever more realistic writing for young people."[6][7]

Writing style[edit]

In Paterson's novels, her youthful protagonists face crises by which they learn to triumph through self-sacrifice. Paterson, unlike many other authors of young adult novels, tackles themes often considered to be adult, such as death and jealousy.[19] Although her characters face dire situations, Paterson writes with compassion and empathy. Amidst her writing of misery and strife, Paterson interlaces her writing with wry wit and understated humor. After facing tumultuous events, her characters prevail in triumph and redeem themselves and their ambitions. Paterson's protagonists are usually orphaned or estranged children with only a few friends who must face difficult situations largely on their own. Paterson's plots may reflect her own childhood in which she felt estranged and lonely.[19]



The Hans Christian Andersen and Astrid Lindgren Awards are the two major international awards recognizing career contributions to children's literature.[2][3][4] The Laura Ingalls Wilder Award is the highest honor from U.S. professional librarians for contributions to American children's literature.[6][7]

Paterson has also won many annual awards for new books, including the National Book Award (The Master Puppeteer, 1977; The Great Gilly Hopkins, 1979);[20][21] the Edgar Allan Poe Special Award (Master Puppeteer, 1977); the Newbery Medal (Bridge to Terabithia, 1977; Jacob Have I Loved, 1981);[22] the Scott O'Dell Award for Historical Fiction (Jip, His Story, 1996).[8] Twenty years after its publication, Of Nightingales That Weep won the 1994 Phoenix Award as the best LOL children's book that did not win a major contemporary award.[23]

Awards for body of work[edit]


Bridge to Terabithia has been adapted into film twice, the 1985 PBS version and the 2007 Disney/Walden Media co-production version. One of the producers and screenwriters for the later version was Paterson's son David L. Paterson, whose name appears on the dedication page of the novel.

Her short story "Poor Little Innocent Lamb" was adapted into the 2002 television film Miss Lettie and Me.[25]

Another of her novels, The Great Gilly Hopkins, was adapted into a film, written by David L. Paterson, in 2015. Her fantasy-novel release The Flint Heart has been optioned by Bedrock Films.[26]


  1. ^ a b "Paterson, Katherine". Library of Congress Authorities (lccn.loc.gov). Retrieved 2015-10-31.
  2. ^ a b "Hans Christian Andersen Awards". International Board on Books for Young People (IBBY). Retrieved 2012-08-20.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Katherine Paterson" (pp. 98–99, by Eva Glistrup). "Candidates for the Hans Christian Andersen Awards 1956–2002" Archived 2013-01-14 at archive.today (pp. 110–18).
    The Hans Christian Andersen Awards, 1956–2002. IBBY. Gyldendal. 2002. Hosted by Austrian Literature Online. Retrieved 2013-07-23.
  4. ^ a b c "2006: Katherine Paterson: Brilliant Psychologist Gets Right Under the Skin" Archived 2012-10-19 at the Wayback Machine. The Astrid Lindgren Memorial Award. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
  5. ^ "2007 – Katherine Paterson - The Neustadt Prize". Neustadtprize.org. 11 June 2013. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d "Laura Ingalls Wilder Award, Past winners". Association for Library Service to Children (ALSC). American Library Association (ALA).
      "About the Laura Ingalls Wilder Award". ALSC. ALA. Retrieved 2013-06-10.
  7. ^ a b c d "Welcome to the (Laura Ingalls) Wilder Medal Home Page". ALSC. ALA. 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-06-05. Retrieved 2013-06-10.
  8. ^ a b c "Katherine Paterson named National Ambassador for Young People's Literature". Archived from the original on October 25, 2011. Retrieved 2013-07-23.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link). Library of Congress. January 10, 2010. Archived 2011-10-25. Retrieved 2010-03-23.
    "Emeritus – National Ambassador for Young People's Literature". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2013-07-23.
  9. ^ a b Paterson, Katherine (May 2008). "Timeline: Katherine Paterson". World Literature Today. 82 (3): 18–29. JSTOR 40159727.
  10. ^ "2007 NSK Prize Winner Katherine Paterson". The Neustadt Prizes. The Neustadt Prizes. 2013-06-11. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  11. ^ "Katherine Paterson: Laureate of the 2007 NSK Neustadt Prize for Children's Literature". World Literature Today. 82 (3): 18. May 2008. JSTOR 40159722.
  12. ^ Snodgrass, Mary Ellen (Aug 30, 2008). Beating the Odds: A Teen Guide to 75 Superstars Who Overcame Adversity. ABC-CLIO, Incorporated. p. 109. ISBN 9780313345647. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  13. ^ Paterson, Katherine (May 2008). "Timeline: Katherine Paterson". World Literature Today. 82 (3): 20. JSTOR 40159727.
  14. ^ Paterson, Katherine (May 2008). "Fighting the Long Defeat: The 2007 NSK Prize Lecture". World Literature Today. 82 (3): 21. JSTOR 40159727.
  15. ^ "The National Children's Book and Literacy Alliance". The NCBLA. Retrieved 2013-01-07.
  16. ^ "John B. Paterson Sr. Obituary". Barre Montpelier Times Argus. 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2016-01-15.
  17. ^ "Biography of Katherine Paterson, Author of "Bridge to Terabithia"". Katherine Paterson. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
  18. ^ "Katherine Paterson Named National Ambassador for Young People's Literature". School Library Journal. Retrieved 2013-01-07.
  19. ^ a b c Rich, Motoko. (2010-01-05) "New Envoy's Old Advice for Children: Read More", The New York Times
  20. ^ "National Book Awards – 1977". National Book Foundation (NBF). Retrieved 2012-02-27.
    (With acceptance speech by Paterson.)
  21. ^ "National Book Awards – 1979". NBF. Retrieved 2012-02-27.
  22. ^ "Newbery Medal and Honor Books, 1922–Present". Association for Library Service to Children (ALSC). American Library Association (ALA).
      "The John Newbery Medal". ALSC. ALA. Retrieved 2013-07-23.
  23. ^ "Phoenix Award Brochure 2012"[permanent dead link]. Children's Literature Association. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
    See also the current homepage, "Phoenix Award" Archived 2012-03-20 at the Wayback Machine.
  24. ^ "2019 Literature Award Winners – American Academy of Arts and Letters". Retrieved 2019-03-12.
  25. ^ Fries, Laura (4 December 2002). "Miss Lettie and Me". Variety. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  26. ^ Rivas, Laura. "Flint Heart Press Kit" (PDF). The Flint Heart. Candlewick Press. Retrieved 2 April 2019.

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