Commander Katherine Pulaski
|Affiliation||United Federation of Planets
|Position||Chief Medical Officer|
|Portrayed by||Diana Muldaur|
|First appearance||"The Child" (TNG)|
Commander Katherine Pulaski is a fictional medical doctor in the American science fiction television series Star Trek: The Next Generation. She served a rotation as the chief medical officer aboard the Federation starship USS Enterprise-D. During her time on USS Enterprise-D, her medical skills saved the lives of Captain Jean-Luc Picard and Commander William Riker, and she helped inspire Lt. Commander Data to create a hologram of Professor Moriarty that became self-aware. Pulaski preferred to avoid the transporter, but was forced to rely on it to save her own life from an alien infection. Before arriving on the Enterprise-D, she previously served on the USS Repulse. For a time, she was romantically involved with William Riker's father, Kyle Riker, with whom she has maintained a friendship.
Portrayed by American actress Diana Muldaur, Pulaski replaced the character of Commander Beverly Crusher for the second season after Gates McFadden's contract was not renewed. Pulaski first appeared in the second season opener "The Child", and made her final appearance in "Shades of Gray". Before playing the role of Pulaski on The Next Generation, Muldaur appeared in Star Trek: The Original Series, playing different characters in the episodes "Return to Tomorrow" and "Is There in Truth No Beauty?" She later worked with series creator Gene Roddenberry on a pilot for the series Planet Earth. McFadden returned to replace Muldaur in the third season, reprising her role as Dr. Crusher for the remainder of the series.
Reviewers criticized Pulaski's approach, as well as her inability to fit in with the crew. Critics noted that her transporter phobia was reminiscent of Dr. Leonard McCoy from The Original Series, as was her relationship with Data; Pulaski's interaction with Data raised comparisons to that of McCoy and Spock from The Original Series. Episodes featuring Pulaski in a leading role, such as "Unnatural Selection", produced divided opinions among critics, with some describing it as a key episode while others argued that it showed only the negative side of her role.
Concept and development
Towards the end of the first season of Star Trek: The Next Generation, staff members convinced Gene Roddenberry to drop Gates McFadden as Dr. Beverly Crusher from the show. Executive producer Rick Berman opposed this decision. To allow for McFadden's return in the future, Roddenberry wrote Crusher's character out rather than killing her. McFadden's departure led to an opening for a new cast member. The producers contacted American actress Diana Muldaur, unaware of her past involvement with Roddenberry's Star Trek and Planet Earth pilot. In The Original Series, Muldaur played the role of a doctor in two episodes: as Dr. Ann Mulhall in "Return to Tomorrow", and as Dr. Miranda Jones in "Is There in Truth No Beauty?" Muldaur also worked on the pilot for Planet Earth after getting to know Roddenberry and his wife, Majel Barrett, through their annual Star Trek Christmas parties.
Muldaur was not required to audition for the role of Pulaski. Instead, she was given 15 VHS cassettes of the first season. She found it "very exciting", noting it "got better and better and better" as she watched it. Christina Pickles was also considered for the part of Pulaski, a decision Berman described as "very tough". Muldaur finally agreed to play the role, but asked Roddenberry to change the name of the character to Kate, which became Katherine. The character of Katherine Pulaski was modeled on Doctor Leonard McCoy from The Original Series. Like McCoy, Pulaski feared transporters and disliked unemotional colleagues. The dynamic between McCoy and Spock was revisited with the relationship between Pulaski and Lieutenant Commander Data. Muldaur believed that Roddenberry deliberately created the parallel between the two characters on the two shows.
Katherine Pulaski debuted in the second season episode "The Child", with Whoopi Goldberg making her first appearance of the series as Guinan in the same episode. Even though Muldaur was a regular character on The Next Generation, she was only listed in the opening credits as a "Special Guest Star". Overall, Muldaur described her experience portraying Pulaski as "hard work". She expected to be cast for just one season, but was unaware of who would succeed her after she left. Following production of the second season, Muldaur left the series and joined the cast of L.A. Law. She used footage of the episode "Unnatural Selection" to gain the part. Gates McFadden returned to continue her role as Dr. Crusher on The Next Generation for the remainder of the series.
Pulaski's background is touched upon in the episode "The Icarus Factor". She was previously romantically involved with Commander William Riker's father Kyle Riker (Mitchell Ryan), after she was part of a rescue team responding to a Tholian attack on a Federation Starbase. She realised that a romantic relationship with Riker would not work, but they remained friends. Directly prior to serving on the Enterprise-D, she served on the USS Repulse under Captain Taggart, who was sorry to lose her.
In, "Elementary, Dear Data" she challenges Lt. Cmdr Data to solve an original Sherlock Holmes mystery on the holodeck. He accepts her challenge, which results in the creation of a self-aware hologram of Professor Moriarty (Daniel Davis). Pulaski joins Data and Lieutenant Geordi La Forge (LeVar Burton), but is captured by Moriarty who also takes over manual control of the Enterprise. Moriarty demands that they find a way to enable him to leave the holodeck, but is persuaded by Captain Jean-Luc Picard (Patrick Stewart) to release control and be stored within the ship's computer memory until a means can be found to grant his wish. (Years later, Moriarty is released from the computer and takes control of the ship's computer, again demanding his freedom. He is finally tricked into thinking that his wish was granted, but remains trapped inside a computer simulation ("Ship in a Bottle").)
Pulaski's apprehension at using the transporter was evident in "The Schizoid Man", where Dr. Selar (Suzie Plakson) went with the away team instead of Pulaski, as it required her to beam over to a transport vessel. However, the transporter would later save Pulaski's life in "Unnatural Selection", after she was infected with a disease from the planet Gagarin IV that accelerated her aging process. She uses the transporters to remove the infection and is returned to health.
She demonstrates her medical expertise on several occasions. In "Time Squared", Pulaski discovers that the duplicate Captain Picard is out of sync in time and will slowly improve until he returns to the point at which he left. In the episode "Pen Pals", Picard orders Pulaski to wipe the memories of a young girl called Sarjenka, whom Data had been corresponding with and helping in violation of the Prime Directive. Whilst in "Samaritan Snare", she is summoned to Starbase 515 to perform heart surgery on Captain Picard as she is the most experienced surgeon nearby. This is despite Picard's wish for her not to perform the surgery, due to his concern with the image it might give to the crew.
When the Enterprise arrives at the lost colony of Mariposa in "Up the Long Ladder", the Mariposans kidnap Pulaski and Commander William Riker (Jonathan Frakes) and steal their DNA to clone new members of their colony. Although technologically advanced, the Mariposans lack genetic diversity. When Pulaski and Riker discover the clones, they destroy them. Picard helps resolve the dispute by suggesting the Mariposans allow the Bringloidi, a preindustrial, rural people whose colony was destroyed, to migrate to their world. The Mariposans, however, have relied on cloning for 300 years, and no longer sexually reproduce. Pulaski notes that with time, they will become familiar with the practice once again, and recommends that the Mariposans form large, group marriages with the Bringloidi to create a healthy population.
Following Data's defeat at a game of Strategema in "Peak Performance", Pulaski and Counselor Deanna Troi (Marina Sirtis) attempt to console him, but it is left to Captain Picard to convince Data that he is not malfunctioning. Pulaski's final appearance on The Next Generation was in the episode "Shades of Gray". When Commander Riker falls ill to a dangerous virus during an away team mission, Pulaski drives out the virus with a device that stimulates his memory centre. After she discovers that negative memories are more effective in removing the virus, she uses memories of fear and survival to save Riker's life.
Pulaski appears in several books of the non-canon novel series based on the adventures of the crew in The Next Generation and elsewhere in the same time period. In Peter David's novel Vendetta (1991), Pulaski is reassigned to the Repulse under Captain Taggart following her departure from the Enterprise. In Star Trek: Progress (2006), a Starfleet Corps of Engineers book by Terri Osborne, Pulaski is on board the USS Progress when it visits Drema IV, as she wants to check up on the progress of Sarjenka, a young girl from The Next Generation episode "Pen Pals". Pulaski also appeared alongside Wesley Crusher and Guinan in Michael Jan Friedman's "All Good Things..." (1994), a novelisation of the The Next Generation series finale.
Reception and commentary
In their 1998 book, Star Trek 101, Terry J. Erdmann and Paula M. Block called "Unnatural Selection" the key Pulaski episode. Science fiction writer Keith DeCandido felt that she displays all of her worst traits in this episode, including "her stubbornness, her intensity, her constant interrupting of people, her bitching out Data (though at least this time she apologizes to him when he expresses concern over her health), and... transporter-phobia, because apparently she wasn't enough like Dr. McCoy yet." DeCandido described Pulaski as "annoying" and noted that this feeling was mirrored on screen by Captain Picard. In Science Fiction Television: A History, author M. Keith Booker observed that "Pulaski never quite meshed with the rest of the crew".
The events of "Elementary Dear Data" led film professor Zoran Samardžija to suggest that Pulaski may have been inspired by the works of Friedrich Nietzsche. In Sherlock Holmes and Philosophy: The Footprints of a Gigantic Mind (2011), Samardžija notes that Pulaski's argument that Data lacks intuition is reminiscent of parts of Nietzsche's 1878 work Human, All Too Human. The relationship between Pulaski and Data was further considered by Rhonda V. Wilcox in her article "Dating Data: Miscegenation in Star Trek: The Next Generation" (1993). Wilcox notes that Pulaski "frequently challenges Data in terms of his machine nature, expressing scorn for his supposed insensitivity." She compares Data's emotionless state to slavery due to the reference in "The Child" to Maya Angelou's 1969 work I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings.
- Nemecek (2003): p. 64
- Reeves-Stevens (1998): p. 76
- Gross; Altman (1993): p. 171
- Warren, Bill (April 1989). "Diana Muldaur, Ship's Doctor" (PDF). Starlog (141): 30–33. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
- Decandido, Keith (August 11, 2011). "Star Trek: The Next Generation Rewatch: "The Child"". Tor.com. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "Catching Up With Diana Muldaur, Part 2". Star Trek.com. January 12, 2013. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "Catching Up With Diana Muldaur, Part 1". Star Trek.com. January 11, 2013. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Erdmann & Block (1998): p. 65
- DeCandido, Keith (October 31, 2011). "Star Trek: The Next Generation Rewatch: Second Season Overview". Tor.com. Retrieved July 14, 2013.
- Assael, David; McCullough, Robert L. (April 24, 1989). "The Icarus Factor". Star Trek: The Next Generation. Season 2. Episode 14.
- Summers, Jason; Povill, Jon; Hurley, Maurice (November 21, 1988). "The Child". Star Trek: The Next Generation. Season 2. Episode 1.
- Lane, Brian Alan (December 5, 1988). "Elementary, Dear Data". Star Trek: The Next Generation. Season 2. Episode 3.
- Tormé, Tracy (January 23, 1989). "The Schizoid Man". Star Trek: The Next Generation. Season 2. Episode 6.
- Mason, John; Gray, Mike (January 30, 1989). "Unnatural Selection". Star Trek: The Next Generation. Season 2. Episode 7.
- Bensmiller, Kurt Michael (April 3, 1989). "Time Squared". Star Trek: The Next Generation. Season 2. Episode 13.
- Snodgrass, Melinda M.; Shearer, Hannah Louise (May 1, 1989). "Pen Pals". Star Trek: The Next Generation. Season 2. Episode 15.
- Landau, Les (May 15, 1989). "Samaritan Snare". Star Trek: The Next Generation. Season 2. Episode 17.
- Snodgrass, Melissa M. (May 22, 1989). "Up the Long Ladder". Star Trek: The Next Generation. Season 2. Episode 18.
- Kemper, David (July 10, 1989). "Peak Performance". Star Trek: The Next Generation. Season 2. Episode 21.
- Hurley, Maurice; Manning, Richard; Beimler, Hans (July 17, 1989). "Shades of Gray". Star Trek: The Next Generation. Season 2. Episode 22.
- Biller, Kenneth; Doherty, Robert; Berman, Rick; Braga, Brannon (May 21, 2001). "Endgame". Star Trek: Voyager. Season 7. Episode 25.
- David, Peter (1991). Vendetta. New York: Pocket Books. ISBN 9780671741457.
- Ayers (2006): p. 390
- Decandido, Keith (April 3, 2013). "Star Trek: The Next Generation Rewatch: "All Good Things..."". Tor.com. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- Decandido, Keith (September 5, 2011). "Star Trek: The Next Generation Rewatch: "Unnatural Selection"". Tor.com. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- Decandido, Keith (October 10, 2011). "Star Trek: The Next Generation Rewatch: "Samaritan Snare"". Tor.com. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- Booker (2004): p. 194
- Samardžija (2011): p. 300
- Samardžija (2011): p. 299
- Harrison et al. (1996): p. 76
- Ayers, Jeff (2006). Voyages of Imagination. New York: Pocket Books. ISBN 978-1-416-50349-1.
- Booker, M.Keith (2004). Science Fiction Television: A History. Westport, Conn: Praeger. ISBN 9780313052132.(subscription required)
- Erdmann, Terry J.; Block, Paula M. (1998). Star Trek 101. London: Pocket. ISBN 978-0-743-49723-7.
- Gross, Edward; Altman, Mark A. (1995). Captains' Logs: The Unauthorized Complete Trek Voyages. Boston: Little Brown & Co. ISBN 978-0-316-32957-6.
- Harrison, Taylor; Projansky, Sarah; Ono, Kent A.; Helford, Elyce Rae (1996). Enterprise Zones: Critical Positions on Star Trek. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. ISBN 978-0-8133-2898-0. (subscription required)
- Nemecek, Larry (2003). Star Trek: The Next Generation Companion (3rd ed.). New York: Pocket Books. ISBN 0-7434-5798-6.
- Reeves-Stevens, Judith; Reeves-Stevens, Garfield (1998). Star Trek: The Next Generation: The Continuing Mission (2nd ed.). New York: Pocket Books. ISBN 978-0-671-02559-5.
- Relke, Diana M. A. (2006). Drones, Clones, and Alpha Babes: Retrofitting Star Trek's Humanism, Post-9/11. Calgary, Alberta, Canada: University of Calgary Press. ISBN 978-1-55238-164-9.
- Samardzija, Zoran (2011). Steiff, Joseph, ed. "Moriarty's Final Human Problem in Star Trek: The Next Generation". Sherlock Holmes and Philosophy: The Footprints of a Gigantic Mind. Chicago: Open Court. ISBN 978-0-812-69731-5.
- Wagner, Jon; Lundeen, Jan (1998). Deep Space and Sacred Time: Star Trek in the American Mythos. Westport, CT: Praeger. ISBN 978-0-275-96225-8. (subscription required)