Kathleen Hanna performing at Cooper Union
November 12, 1968 |
Portland, Oregon, U.S.
|Other names||Julie Ruin|
|Alma mater||The Evergreen State College|
|Occupation||Musician, activist, writer, mango farmer|
|Spouse(s)||Adam Horovitz (m. 2006)|
|Origin||Olympia, Washington, U.S.|
|Genres||Punk rock, riot grrrl, indie rock, electroclash|
|Instruments||Vocals, guitar, bass guitar, sampler, drums, drum machine|
|Labels||Bikini Kill Records, Kill Rock Stars, Mr. Lady, Universal, TJR|
|Associated acts||Bikini Kill, Le Tigre, Julie Ruin The Julie Ruin|
Kathleen Hanna (born November 12, 1968) is an American musician, feminist activist, and punk zine writer. In the early-to mid-1990s she was the lead singer of feminist punk band Bikini Kill, before fronting Le Tigre in the late 1990s and early 2000s. In 1998, Hanna released a lo-fi solo album under the name Julie Ruin and since 2010 has been working on a project called The Julie Ruin.
A documentary film about Hanna was released in 2013 by director Sini Anderson, titled The Punk Singer, detailing Hanna's life and career, as well as revealing her years-long battle with Lyme disease. Hanna is married to Adam Horovitz of the Beastie Boys.
- 1 Life and career
- 2 Role in feminism
- 3 In popular culture
- 4 Personal life
- 5 Discography
- 6 Bibliography
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Life and career
1968–88: Early life
Born in Portland, Oregon in 1968, Hanna moved with her family to Calverton, Maryland in 1971. As Hanna's father changed occupations, the family moved several more times. Hanna's parents divorced, and she returned to Portland where she attended high school.
Hanna first became interested in feminism around the age of nine, after her mother took her to a rally in Washington D.C. where feminist icon Gloria Steinem spoke. Though several years would pass before she became an outspoken feminist, with Hanna eventually referring to herself as a radical feminist, the event left an impression on her. In a 2000 interview with BUST magazine, Hanna recalled: "My mom was a housewife, and wasn't somebody that people would think of as a feminist, and when Ms. magazine came out we were incredibly inspired by it. I used to cut pictures out of it and make posters that said "Girls can do anything", and stuff like that, and my mom was inspired to work at a basement of a church doing anti-domestic violence work. Then she took me to the Solidarity Day thing, and it was the first time I had ever been in a big crowd of women yelling, and it really made me want to do it forever."
In the 2006 documentary, Don't Need You: The Herstory of Riot Grrrl, Hanna elaborates on the effect feminism had on her in childhood, recalling that her interest grew when her mother checked out a copy of Betty Friedan's "The Feminine Mystique" from the library. Yet Hanna and her mother's involvement in the women's rights movement had to be done quietly in the years before her parents' divorce, due to her father's disapproval. Hanna has also appeared in the documentary Who's Afraid of Kathy Acker? Don't Need You: The Herstory of Riot Grrrl is titled after a Bikini Kill song.
After high school, she relocated from Portland to Olympia, Washington to attend The Evergreen State College in the late 1980s. During this time she began working as a stripper to support herself. Working with fellow Evergreen student and photographer Aaron Baush-Greene, she set up a photo exhibit featuring the pair's photography, which dealt, respectively, with sexism and AIDS. However, the school administrators took the photos down before they got the chance to be viewed, an act of censorship that prompted what Hanna refers to as her "first foray into activism"—the creation of an independent feminist art gallery called Reko Muse with friends Heidi Arbogast and Tammy Rae Carland. The three women then formed a band called Amy Carter, which put on shows before the art exhibitions.
Hanna also began doing spoken word performances that addressed sexism and violence against women, issues with which she became concerned after volunteering for a domestic violence organization over the next two years. Eventually she abandoned spoken word in favor of music, being inspired by one of her favorite writers, countercultural icon Kathy Acker. Hanna recalled,
Acker asked me why writing was important to me, and I said, 'Because I felt like I'd never been listened to and I had a lot to say,' and she said, 'Then why are you doing spoken word—no one goes to spoken word shows! You should get in a band.'
1989–99: Bikini Kill
Hanna later started another band called Viva Knievel that toured the United States for two months before disbanding. Upon returning to Olympia, Hanna began collaborating with fellow Evergreen student and punk zinester Tobi Vail after seeing a performance of The Go Team (a band made up of Vail, Billy Karren, and Calvin Johnson) and recognizing Vail as the mastermind behind the fanzine Jigsaw, which Hanna greatly admired and loved.
Bikini Kill soon became part of the seminal Olympia, Washington music scene of the early 1990s, which was characterized by political awareness, a strong artistic do-it-yourself ethic, and an emphasis on local collaboration and support.
The band's first release for the Kill Rock Stars label was a self-titled EP produced by Ian MacKaye of Fugazi. Bikini Kill then toured the UK, recording a split LP with UK band Huggy Bear. This tour was filmed and the band was interviewed by Lucy Thane for her documentary, It Changed My Life: Bikini Kill In The UK. Upon returning to the U.S., the band began working with Joan Jett, who produced their single, "New Radio/Rebel Girl". After the release of this record, Hanna began co-writing some songs with Jett for her new album.
At the same time Hanna produced several solo pieces for the Kill Rock Stars "Wordcore" series of recordings, including the 7" single "Rockstar" and the song "I Wish I Was Him" (a song written by Ben Lee and originally recorded by his band Noise Addict about alternative rock heartthrob Evan Dando) on the KRS compilation Rock Stars Kill. Hanna also appeared in the 1994 Sonic Youth video for "Bull in the Heather".
In 1991, the band spent a summer in Washington, D.C., where Hanna began collaborating with Allison Wolfe, Molly Neuman and Jen Smith from the band Bratmobile on the zine Riot grrrl, which became a call to action for increased feminist activity and female involvement in the punk rock scene.
In a 2000 interview with Index Magazine, Hanna related:
We wanted to start a magazine, and Allison Wolfe and Molly Neuman from the band Bratmobile had started a little fanzine called riot grrrl and we were writing little things for it. I'd always wanted to start a big magazine with really cool, smart writing in it, and I wanted to see if the other punk girls in D.C. that I was meeting were interested in that. So I called a meeting and found a space for it, and it just turned into this sort of consciousness-raising thing. I realized really quickly that a magazine wasn't the way to go. People wanted to be having shows, and teaching each other how to play music, and writing fanzines, so that started happening. It got some press attention, and girls in other places would be like "I wanna do that. I wanna start one of those."
The first two Bikini Kill EPs were released on CD as The C.D. Version of the First Two Records in 1993. The band released two more full-length albums, Pussy Whipped in 1994 and Reject All American in 1996, and in 1998, Kill Rock Stars released Bikini Kill: The Singles, a collection of the group's seven inch and compilation tracks. Bikini Kill broke up on friendly terms around April 1998.
After the break-up of Bikini Kill, Hanna began working on a solo project called Julie Ruin. The project was created entirely in Hanna's bedroom using a $40 drum machine. One self-titled album was released under the Julie Ruin pseudonym, and was partially inspired by the work of feminist theorist Julia Kristeva.
Hanna said of the project:
Girls' bedrooms sometimes can be this space of real creativity. The problem is that these bedrooms are all cut off from each other. I wanted the Julie Ruin record to sound like a girl from her bedroom made this record but then didn't just throw it away or it wasn't just in her diary but she took it out and shared it with people.
While in Portland, Oregon, Hanna began working with friend and zine editor Johanna Fateman on a live show for Julie Ruin. The collaboration resulted in the two briefly forming a band called The Troublemakers, named after a G. B. Jones film, which ended when Fateman relocated to New York City to attend art school.
2000–present: Le Tigre, The Julie Ruin
Hanna joined Fateman on the East Coast, and with the addition of filmmaker Sadie Benning, they started another band called Le Tigre (French for The Tiger). This band continued to pursue a more electronic style of music similar to the sampler-driven sound Hanna had begun to explore with Julie Ruin.The band recorded for the Mr. Lady Records label, its first recording being the self-titled Le Tigre, which included the singles "Hot Topic" and "Deceptacon." After the first record, Sadie Benning left the band to be replaced by JD Samson for the follow-up CD Feminist Sweepstakes. When Mr. Lady Records closed down, the group switched labels to Universal Records for the 2004 release of This Island.
Le Tigre is currently on hiatus. Hanna left the band in 2005 due to personal health issues. She was later diagnosed with late stage Lyme disease. According to the Le Tigre website, during her time off from the band, Hanna has been volunteering as a band coach for the Willie Mae Rock and Roll Camp for Girls. She also taught an art class at NYU's grad school in the Fall 2007 semester and attended interior design classes.
In 2010, Hanna announced she was rebuilding her 1997 act Julie Ruin, turning it into a full band called "The Julie Ruin" with Kenny Mellman and Kathi Wilcox, and that they would be creating a new record. On November 20, Hanna DJed at the Museum of Modern Art, later joining the Raincoats on stage to cover the Slits' Vindictive. On December 11, at the Knitting Factory in New York City, The Julie Ruin played their first show. The group played Bikini Kill and Le Tigre songs and one new composition.
From 2010 to 2013, director Sini Anderson worked on a documentary on Kathleen Hanna titled "The Punk Singer", documenting her works from Bikini Kill to The Julie Ruin. It premiered at SXSW in 2013.
In June 2013, Julie Ruin released its first single, "Oh Come On". An album, Run Fast was released in September 2013 with the band going on tour.
The Julie Ruin cancelled the tour planned for May to September 2014, due to Hanna's Lyme disease condition deteriorating.
Role in feminism
Kathleen Hanna is well known for being an outspoken radical feminist; many people often credit her for helping launch third-wave feminism when she helped create the riot grrrl punk movement. At Bikini Kill concerts, Hanna would encourage and enforce that women were to move to the front of the stage to avoid harassment from male concert goers. The "girls to the front" concept was symbolic in helping women feel comfortable at concerts and more welcome to participate. Her feminist contributions to punk music are also evident in her lyrics. In an interview with Nicole Bradeur from The Seattle Times, it is said that, “Hanna’s lyrics were about girls who did and wore what they wanted, despite societal expectations.” Brodeur, Nicole (2015-04-15). "Kathleen Hanna: 'It doesn't mean you're not a feminist because you expose your legs'". www.seattletimes.com. The Seattle Times. Her views on feminism focus entirely on equality and Hanna recognizes all different facets. For years, punk culture was entirely focused on men and “the masculine.” Hanna created a safe space for women and girls who were passionate about the genre, making it their own, while still maintaining the integrity of the music. In the same interview she says, “It doesn’t mean you’re not a feminist because you expose your legs.” She zeroed in on the idea that women should have the ability to express themselves in any way they please, and her performances regularly reflected such themes. Bradeur says, “Hanna exposed her breasts and rear-end with lust-killing bluntness; she wore a girlish ponytail and danced around with “slut” written in lipstick across her midriff.” This prompted the “Dress like you’re asking for it” movement, promoting individuality, and female confidence.
In 1991, Hanna performed with Bikini Kill at the Abortion March in Washington, D.C. before the Planned Parenthood v. Casey trial. She has been a major pro-choice advocate and was quoted saying, "It’s about women not dying in back-alley abortions, but it’s also about women saying: 'My life is worth it, too. I deserve to have control over my life and my health care.' Imagine if a man was told, 'You can’t make the decision to have a vasectomy.'" Her connections to Planned Parenthood do not end there. Her passion for the organization comes from personal experience. Hanna has opened up on several occasions about her relationship with Planned Parenthood, and spoke of one instance at the 2011 Planned Parenthood “Stand Up for Women’s Health” Rally. After acquiring a serious infection on tour with her band when she was a mere nineteen years old, she was met with open arms. She says, “I’m here because I will always remember how terrible and desperate and sick I felt that day, and how the people at the clinic helped me, even though I only had twelve dollars… I’m here…because Planned Parenthood helped me out and I didn’t have to sideline my dreams… I’m here because women dying because they can’t afford a pap smear is unacceptable.” "Kathleen Hanna". www.youtube.com. Camino PR Media. 2011-03-01.
She contributed the piece "Gen X Survivor: From Riot Grrrl Rock Star to Feminist Artist" to the 2003 anthology Sisterhood Is Forever: The Women's Anthology for a New Millennium, edited by Robin Morgan.
A key feature to riot grrrl music was to empower and encourage women to appreciate each other and rise against oppressive patriarchy. Kathleen Hanna helped mold that central theme of third-wave feminism through her works and helped to keep the movement documented and alive through video, guarding her legacy in order to preserve the importance of the movement.
In popular culture
- Although she did so unintentionally, Hanna came up with the name for Nirvana's 1991 breakthrough single, "Smells Like Teen Spirit". She wrote "Kurt Smells Like Teen Spirit" on Kurt Cobain's wall. At the time, Kurt was unaware that Kathleen was referring to a deodorant marketed specifically to young women, and thought that the phrase would anchor the song's theme.
- The NOFX song "Kill Rock Stars," from the album So Long and Thanks for All the Shoes, is written about Hanna, referencing her by name: "Kill the rockstars? How ironic, Kathleen. You've been crowned the newest queen." The song's title is a reference to riot grrrl record label Kill Rock Stars.
- Performance artist and rapper Mykki Blanco featured Hanna on the track "A Moment with Kathleen" in his mixtape Gay Dog Food, in which he samples a recording from a moment after interacting with Kathleen.
- The song "Kathleen" by Pinhead Gunpowder is supposedly written about Hanna.
In interviews, Hanna has been frank and willing to openly discuss her decision to have an abortion when she was younger, saying in one particular interview: "It was one of the first things I did on my own; I worked at McDonald's, raised the money and did it. I'm really, really passionate about pro-choice, because I wouldn't be here talking to you right now if I'd had a kid at 15." Hanna has expressed her belief that talking about her abortion will encourage other women to openly discuss the topic as well, helping to decrease the social stigma that often accompanies such discussion and also helping to sustain political momentum and further progress with regard to the pro-choice movement.
In The Punk Singer, released in 2013, Hanna revealed that she suffered from Lyme disease for six years before it was correctly diagnosed. In May 2014, it was announced that Hanna's Lyme disease condition had deteriorated, forcing her to enter a three-month course of treatment and cancel live performances with her band The Julie Ruin.
- Revolution Girl Style Now! self-released cassette (1991)
- Bikini Kill (EP) on Kill Rock Stars (1991)
- Yeah Yeah Yeah Yeah split LP with Huggy Bear on Catcall Records in the UK, Kill Rock Stars in the US (1993)
- Pussy Whipped on Kill Rock Stars (1993)
- The C.D. Version of the First Two Records, compilation (1994)
- Reject All American on Kill Rock Stars (1996)
- The Singles (1998)
- "New Radio/Rebel Girl" 7" single on Kill Rock Stars (1993)
- "The Anti-Pleasure Dissertation" 7" Single on Kill Rock Stars (1994)
- "I Like Fucking" / "I Hate Danger" 7" single on Kill Rock Stars (1995)
- "Feels Blind" on Kill Rock Stars LP/CD (1991)
- "Candy" on Throw: The Yoyo Studio Compilation, Yoyo Records (1991)
- "Daddy's Lil' Girl" on Give Me Back LP, Ebullition Records (1991)
- "Suck My Left One" on There's A Dyke In The Pit, Outpunk Records (1992)
- Julie Ruin on Kill Rock Stars (1997)
The Julie Ruin
- Run Fast on TJR Records (2013)
Singles and EPs
- "Hot Topic" (1999)
- From the Desk of Mr. Lady EP (2001)
- Remix (2003)
- "New Kicks (2004)
- "TKO" (2004)
- "After Dark" (2005)
- "This Island Remixes Volume 1" EP, Chicks on Speed Records (2005)
- "This Island Remixes Volume 2" EP, Chicks on Speed Records (2005)
- "Standing in the Way of Control" 12" split EP with The Gossip on Kill Rock Stars (2006)
- "Boy Poison", 7", Ultrasound Records, 1990
- "Decomposition", 7", Kill Rock Stars, 1991
- Suture!, LP, Kill Rock Stars, 1992
- Real Fiction, LP, Kill Rock Stars, 1995
Solo and guest appearances
- Rock Star / Mean (Wordcore Volume 1) as Kathleen Hanna and Slim Moon, Kill Rock Stars (1991)
- Play Pretty for Baby, The Nation of Ulysses; includes backing vocals by Hanna (1992)
- Rock Stars Kill, includes Hanna's "I Wish I Was Him", Various Artists, Kill Rock Stars, (1994)
- Ball-Hog or Tugboat? LP/CD "Heartbeat", Mike Watt, (1995)
- Home Alive, The Art of Self Defense, Epic, includes "Go Home", written and performed with Joan Jett and Evil Stig, (1996)
- "60 second wipe out" Atari Teenage Riot; Hanna featured on lead vocals on song 'No Success' (1999)
- Featuring..., Internal External, LP, K Records (2000)
- "Playgroup" Playgroup; Hanna featured on lead vocals on the song 'Bring It On' (2001)
- Realistes, Comet Gain; Hanna featured on track "Ripped-Up Suit", (2002)
- "Wordy Rappinghood" Chicks on Speed; features Hanna on vocals, (2003)
- "Kiss on the Lips" from the album 'Naked' from Joan Jett is a duet with Hanna, (2004)
- American Idiot, Green Day, the song "Letterbomb" begins with vocals by Hanna as Whatsername, (2004)
- Sinner, Joan Jett; Hanna contributes to the songs "Five", "Watersign", "Baby Blue" and "Tube Talkin" (2007)
- "Hey Hey My My Yo Yo" Junior Senior; Hanna featured on the song 'Dance, Chance, Romance', (2007)
- My life with Evan Dando: Popstar
- The Kathleen Hanna newsletter
- Le Tigre zine/tour program
- "'The Punk Singer' director on capturing the essence of Bikini Kill's Kathleen Hanna". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Kathleen Hanna talks at the 2011 Planned Parenthood Stand Up For Women's Health Rally "19 in 1989"". Youtube.com. March 1, 2011. Retrieved 2012-06-27.
- "MY HERSTORY by Kathleen Hanna". Letigreworld.com. Retrieved 2012-06-27.
- Goodman, Lizzy (2013-04-22). "Kim Gordon Sonic Youth Interview - Kim Gordon on Thurston Moore Divorce". ELLE. Retrieved 2014-02-02.
- Hex, Celina (interviewer) (Winter 2000). "Fierce, Funny, Feminists: Gloria Steinem and Kathleen Hanna talk shop, and prove that grrrls – and womyn - rule.". Bust. Retrieved 2012-06-27.
- "Don't Need You: The Herstory of Riot Grrrl", 2006, Kerri Koch
- September 2008/http://web.archive.org/web/20080914105404/http://www.ackerfilm.com/interviewpartners.html Kathleen Hanna, who's afraid of Kathy Acker? at the Wayback Machine (archived September 14, 2008)
- Hanna, Kathleen (August 14, 2013). "Getting in on the Action". Kathleenhanna.com. Retrieved April 11, 2014.
- Muller, Marissa G. (August 26, 2013). "Punk Legend Kathleen Hanna Stops Running With The Julie Ruin’s ‘Run Fast’". MTV Hive. Retrieved April 11, 2014.
- Punk Rock-Feminist Pioneer Kathleen Hanna on Her SXSW Doc and More
- Frey, Hillary (December 23, 2002). "Kathleen Hanna's Fire". The Nation. Retrieved 2012-06-27.
- Robbins, Ira; Wolk, Douglas (1997), The Trouser Press Guide to '90s Rock, New York: Fireside, ISBN 0-684-81437-4
- Frere-Jones, Sasha (26 November 2012). "Hanna and Her Sisters". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2014-05-27.
- Buckley, Peter (November 20, 2003). The Rough Guide to Rock (3rd revised ed.). Rough Guides. pp. 93–94. ISBN 1-84353-105-4.
- Davis, Allison P. (16 August 2013). "Girls Like Us: A Q & A With Kathleen Hanna". NYMag.com. Retrieved 2015-07-07.
- "The Punk Singer", 2013, Sini Anderson
- Weeks, Laurie (2000). "Kathleen Hanna, 2000". Index Magazine. Retrieved 2012-06-27.
- "Punk Singer Kathleen Hanna Reveals Her Struggle With Lyme Disease Karen Chisholm". Karenchisholm.com. 2013-03-27. Retrieved 2015-03-09.
- "Le Tigre news website". Letigreworld.com. Retrieved 2012-06-27.
- "Video: Raincoats, Kathleen Hanna Cover the Slits". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
- Marcus, Sara (December 15, 2010). "Hanna and Her Sisters". Artforum.com. Retrieved 2012-06-27.
- "hey girlfriiieeennnddd…". Skirts and Tights. December 12, 2010. Retrieved 2012-06-27.
- "Kathleen Hanna Cancels the Julie Ruin Tour Due to Lyme Disease Relapse". Pitch Fork media. May 13, 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
- Marlow Stern. "Punk Rock-Feminist Pioneer Kathleen Hanna On Her SXSW Doc & More". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 2015-03-09.
- "Library Resource Finder: Table of Contents for: Sisterhood is forever : the women's anth". Vufind.carli.illinois.edu. Retrieved 2015-10-15.
- "Watch TV Shows Online, Watch Movies Online". Netflix. Retrieved 2015-03-09.
- Azerrad, Michael. Come as You Are: The Story of Nirvana. Doubleday, 1994. ISBN 0-385-47199-8, pp. 211–212
- "A performance at Joes Pub in NYC, where Hanna tells the story of "Smells Like Teen Spirit"". Youtube.com. December 15, 2010. Retrieved 2012-06-27.
- Barcella, Laura (September 20, 2004). "The A-word". Salon. Retrieved 2012-06-27.
- Valby, Karen (March 12, 2013). "Bikini Kill's Kathleen Hanna reveals illness, reconfirms awesomeness in 'The Punk Singer'". Entertainment Weekly.
- "Suture - Good Girl / Falling - Decomposition / Dischord - USA - DE1/DIS76.5". 45cat.com. Retrieved 2014-05-27.
- "Rockstar". Salon. October 5, 2000.
- "Kathleen Hanna". Discogs. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
||This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. (March 2015)|
- Official website
- Laurie Weeks interviews Kathleen Hanna
- Salon.com audio "RockStar" mp3
- Kathleen's Herstory from the Le Tigre site
- Two interviews with Hanna on the NPR show Fresh Air: one from 2000, and one from 2001
- Kathleen Hanna at the Internet Movie Database
- Kathleen Hanna article in Ms. Magazine
- Kathleen Interview by Hilary Frey
- Kathleen Hanna interview on MAKERS.com
- Kathleen Hanna Papers at the Fales Special Collections Library at NYU