Hanna Park boardwalk across dunes
|Type||Municipal (Parks & Recreation Department)|
|Area||447 acres (1.81 km²) (.698 mi²)|
|Operated by||City of Jacksonville|
Kathryn Abbey Hanna Park is a 1.5-mile (2.4 km) public beach and city park in Jacksonville, Florida. It is located at Mayport in the Jacksonville Beaches area. It consists of 447 acres (1.81 km2) of mature coastal hammock, which is increasingly rare along Florida's heavily developed Atlantic coast.
Part of what is now Hanna Park was formerly Manhattan Beach, Florida's first beach community for African Americans during the period of segregation in the United States. around 1900s by blacks working on the Florida East Coast Railway. At its height the beach included amenities such as picnic pavilions, cottages, and an amusement park. It flourished until around 1940, when it was superseded as a day-trip destination by the larger American Beach in nearby Amelia Island.
In 1967, 5 acres (20,000 m2) of land for the park was donated by Winthrop Bancroft, who required that the land be named for Kathryn Abbey Hanna (November 8, 1895 – 1967, a Chicago-born educator and author who had settled in Florida and served on the board of Parks and Historical Places.
Following the Jacksonville Consolidation, the area became part of Jacksonville. The city purchased the surrounding property in the 1970s during the administration of Mayor Hans Tanzler, expanding the park. The first general purpose trail was constructed by Michael Long in 1987 as his Eagle Scout service project. Most of the land has been left in its natural, wooded state. Boardwalks were constructed over the dunes to protect vegetation.
In addition to the white sand beach on the Atlantic Ocean, the park offers:
- Offroad bike trails
The park has nearly 15 miles (24 km) of bicycle trails that range from easy to difficult. For experienced riders, trails named Grunt, Misery, and Tornado Alley offer a challenging workout. Sanctioned races are held on a seasonal schedule and many local cyclists ride the trails on a daily basis. This trail wins the award for "Most Difficult Close to the Sea" and was rated four out of five stars on the Trails website.
Almost 300 campsites are nestled in the woods along winding, paved roads for tent camping or RV use, plus there are six small log "cozy cabins", great for the summer.
- Dolphin Plaza
The park has a beachfront facility that can be rented by groups, with a view of sand dunes and surf.
- Freshwater lake
A former borrow pit for road construction in the park turned into a 40-acre (160,000 m2) freshwater lake which opened in 1978. Activities available include, fishing, kayaking, paddle boating, and canoeing; lakeside picnic tables and grills are available and scenic trails surround the lake. A water playground is provided for small children.
- Other amenities
There is a visitor/interpretive center and shuffleboard and volleyball courts. Throughout the park there are benches, grills, picnic shelters & tables, playground equipment, restrooms and trash barrels.
- Longenecker, Bill (February 20, 2008). "Hanna Park manager works on consistency in enforcing rules". Florida Times-Union.
- Armstead, Myra Beth Young (1999). Lord, Please Don't Take Me in August: African Americans in Newport and Saratoga Springs, 1870-1930. University of Illinois Press. p. 19. ISBN 0-252-06801-7.
- McGuinness, Neil (2010). The Beaches. p. 64. ISBN 0-615-38519-2.
- McNamara, John McNamara. "Kathryn Abbey Hanna Park". Florida Adventure. Archived from the original on 2006-03-21.
- "PARKS: Quality is the goal". Florida Times-Union. April 13, 2005.
- Trails.com, Your guide to the outdoors: Hanna Park
- Top ways to cool down in Jax