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|Ann Arbor City Council, Second Ward|
|Preceded by||Nancy Wechsler (HR)|
|Succeeded by||Earl W. Greene (D)|
|Political party||Human Rights Party|
|Alma mater||University of Michigan|
Kathy Kozachenko is an American politician who was the first openly gay or lesbian candidate to run successfully for political office in the United States. Kozachenko ran on the ticket of the local, progressive Human Rights Party (HRP), which had already succeeded in winning two Ann Arbor council seats in 1972.
Born in Alexandria, Virginia, Kozachenko moved around during her youth. From Toledo, Ohio, she would eventually make it to Plymouth, Michigan. Kozachenko joined the Human Rights Party in the early 1970s.
Kozachenko was an out student at the University of Michigan, where she received support for her progressive agenda, which included a fine of no more than five dollars for possession of small amounts of marijuana. Another part of her platform included "a ceiling on the amount of profit a landlord could make from rents on a building". Running solely against a liberal Democrat, Kozachenko was elected to the Ann Arbor City Council on April 2, 1974. She won the seat "representing the city's second ward by fifty-two votes".
Kozachenko's HRP predecessors on the city council, Nancy Wechsler and Jerry DeGrieck, had come out as a lesbian and gay man during their first and only terms on city council, thus becoming the first openly LGBT public-office holders in the United States. However, Wechsler and DeGrieck did not run for office as an open LGBTQ individual.
- Faderman, Lillian (2015). The Gay Revolution: The Story of the Struggle. New York: Simon & Schuster. pp. 393–394.
- Campbell, Jane, and Theresa Carilli (2013). Queer Media Images: LGBT Perspectives. Lexington: Lanham. pp. 123–124.