Katie Bouman

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Katie Bouman
Katie Bouman answers questions about the Event Horizon Telescope project.jpg
Bouman speaks about the Event Horizon Telescope in 2019
Born
Katherine Louise Bouman

1989/1990 (age 30–31)
Education
Known forCHIRP algorithm
Scientific career
Fields
Institutions
ThesisExtreme Imaging via Physical Model Inversion: Seeing Around Corners and Imaging Black Holes
Doctoral advisorWilliam T. Freeman
Websitewww.cms.caltech.edu/people/klbouman

Katherine Louise Bouman (/ˈbmən/;[1] born 1989/1990[2]) is an American engineer and computer scientist working in the field of computer imagery. She led the development of an algorithm for imaging black holes, known as Continuous High-resolution Image Reconstruction using Patch priors (CHIRP), and was a member of the Event Horizon Telescope team that captured the first image of a black hole.[3][4]

As of June 2019, she is an assistant professor of computing and mathematical sciences at the California Institute of Technology.[5][6][7][8]

Early life and education[edit]

Bouman grew up in West Lafayette, Indiana. Her father, Charles Bouman, is a professor of electrical and computer engineering and biomedical engineering at Purdue University.[9] According to the Jerusalem Post, Katie Bouman is Jewish.[10]

As a high school student, Bouman conducted imaging research at Purdue University. She graduated from West Lafayette Junior-Senior High School in 2007. [9] She first learned about the Event Horizon Telescope in school in 2007.[11]

Bouman studied electrical engineering at the University of Michigan and graduated summa cum laude in 2011. She earned her master's degree (2013) and doctoral degree (2017) in electrical engineering and computer science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).[12]

External video
How to take a picture of a black hole, Katie Bouman, TEDx talk, April 28, 2017, 12m, 51s[1]

At MIT, she was a member of the Haystack Observatory.[13][14] She was supported by a National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowship. Her master's thesis, Estimating Material Properties of Fabric through the Observation of Motion,[15] was awarded the Ernst Guillemin Award for best Master's Thesis in electrical engineering.[16] Her Ph.D. dissertation, Extreme imaging via physical model inversion: seeing around corners and imaging black holes, was supervised by William T. Freeman.[17] Prior to receiving her doctoral degree, Bouman delivered a TEDx talk, How to Take a Picture of a Black Hole, which explained algorithms that could be used to capture the first image of a black hole.[1][2][18]

Research and career[edit]

After earning her doctorate, Bouman joined Harvard University as a postdoctoral fellow on the Event Horizon Telescope Imaging team.[19][20][21]

A blurry photo of a supermassive black hole in M87.
The first direct image of a black hole, imaged by the Event Horizon Telescope and published in April 2019

Bouman joined Event Horizon Telescope project in 2013.[22] She led the development of an algorithm for imaging black holes, known as Continuous High-resolution Image Reconstruction using Patch priors (CHIRP).[18][23][24] CHIRP inspired image validation procedures used in acquiring the first image of a black hole in April 2019,[25] and Bouman played a significant role in the project[3][26] by verifying images, selecting parameters for filtering images taken by the Event Horizon Telescope,[27] and participating in the development of a robust imaging framework that compared the results of different image reconstruction techniques.[28] Her group is analyzing the Event Horizon Telescope's images to learn more about general relativity in a strong gravitational field.[29]

Bouman received significant media attention after a photo, showing her reaction to the detection of the black hole shadow in the EHT images, went viral.[3][30][31][32] Some people in the media and on the Internet misleadingly implied that Bouman was a "lone genius" behind the image.[33][34] However, Bouman herself repeatedly noted that the result came from the work of a large collaboration, showing the importance of teamwork in science.[3][34][35] Bouman also became the target of online harassment, to the extent that her colleague Andrew Chael made a statement on Twitter criticizing "awful and sexist attacks on my colleague and friend", including attempts to undermine her contributions by crediting him solely with work accomplished by the team.[26][28][36][37]

She joined the California Institute of Technology as an assistant professor in June 2019, where she plans to work on new systems for computational imaging using computer vision and machine learning.[29][38][39]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Bouman, Katie. "Katie Bouman | Speaker | TED". www.ted.com. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  2. ^ a b Guarino, Ben (April 10, 2019). "Algorithms gave us the black hole picture. She's the 29-year-old scientist who helped create them". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d Mervosh, Sarah (April 11, 2019). "How Katie Bouman Accidentally Became the Face of the Black Hole Project". The New York Times. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  4. ^ Anon (April 11, 2019). "The woman behind first black hole image". bbc.co.uk. BBC News.
  5. ^ "Katie Bouman Joins EAS and CMS". cms.caltech.edu. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  6. ^ Katie Bouman at MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory
  7. ^ (April 2019) Focus on the First Event Horizon Telescope Results — the series of articles in The Astrophysical Journal Letters which report the EHT results.
  8. ^ "Caltech Computing + Mathematical Sciences | Katie L. Bouman". cms.caltech.edu. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  9. ^ a b Bangert, Dave (April 10, 2019). "That first-ever black hole picture? A West Lafayette grad played a big part". jconline.com. Journal & Courier. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  10. ^ "Black hole scientist excited for future after breathtaking image revealed". The Jerusalem Post. April 17, 2019. Retrieved April 13, 2020. Bouman, who is Jewish, was part of the team that created an algorithm put together from telescopes worldwide to create a photo of the deep space phenomenon.
  11. ^ Abraham, Zennie (April 10, 2019). "About Katie Bouman Creator Of First Black Hole Image From Event Horizon Telescope". oaklandnewsnow.com. Oakland News Now Today. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  12. ^ "Katie Bouman aka Katherine L. Bouman". people.csail.mit.edu. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  13. ^ Chu, Jennifer. "Working together as a "virtual telescope," observatories around the world produce first direct images of a black hole". news.mit.edu. MIT News. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  14. ^ Fletcher, Seth (2018). Einstein's shadow : a black hole, a band of astronomers, and the quest to see the unseeable. New York, NY: Ecco, an imprint of HarperCollins Publishers. p. 140. ISBN 978-0-06-231202-0. OCLC 1055204305.
  15. ^ Bouman, Katherine Louise (2013). Estimating the material properties of fabric through the observation of motion (S.M. thesis). Massachusetts Institute of Technology. hdl:1721.1/84905. OCLC 868903611. Free to read
  16. ^ "EECS Celebrates – Fall 2014 Awards | MIT EECS". www.eecs.mit.edu. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  17. ^ Bouman, Katherine Louise (2017). Extreme imaging via physical model inversion : seeing around corners and imaging black holes (PhD thesis). Massachusetts Institute of Technology. hdl:1721.1/113998. OCLC 1027411179. Free to read
  18. ^ a b Chappel, Bill (April 10, 2019). "Earth Sees First Image Of A Black Hole". NPR. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  19. ^ "Katie Bouman". bhi.fas.harvard.edu. Archived from the original on April 10, 2019. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  20. ^ "Professor Katie Bouman (Caltech): " Imaging a Black Hole with the Event Horizon Telescope"". Archived from the original on April 10, 2019. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  21. ^ "Project bids to make black hole movies". BBC News. February 16, 2017. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  22. ^ Ellis-Petersen, Hannah (April 11, 2019). "Katie Bouman: the 29-year-old whose work led to first black hole photo". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved May 9, 2019.
  23. ^ Bouman, Katherine L.; Johnson, Michael D.; Zoran, Daniel; Fish, Vincent L.; Doeleman, Sheperd S.; Freeman, William T. (2016). "Computational Imaging for VLBI Image Reconstruction". 2016 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR). pp. 913–922. arXiv:1512.01413. doi:10.1109/CVPR.2016.105. hdl:1721.1/103077. ISBN 978-1-4673-8851-1.
  24. ^ "Scientist superstar Katie Bouman designed algorithm for black hole image". phys.org. April 11, 2019. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  25. ^ @MIT_CSAIL (April 12, 2019). "Clarification" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  26. ^ a b Elfrink, Tim. "Trolls hijacked a scientist's image to attack Katie Bouman. They picked the wrong astrophysicist". Washington Post. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  27. ^ Lou, Michelle; Ahmed, Saeed (April 10, 2019). "That image of a black hole you saw everywhere today? Thank this grad student for making it possible". cnn.com. CNN. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  28. ^ a b Chael, Andrew [@thisgreyspirit] (April 11, 2019). "(3/7) the work of many others who wrote code, debugged, and figured out how to use the code on challenging EHT data. With a few others, Katie also developed the imaging framework that rigorously tested all three codes and shaped the entire paper (iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/2041-8213/ab0e85);" (Tweet). Retrieved May 9, 2019 – via Twitter.
  29. ^ a b "Katherine L. (Katie) Bouman". caltech.edu. California Institute of Technology. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  30. ^ Ellis-Petersen, Hannah (April 11, 2019). "Katie Bouman: the 29-year-old whose work led to first black hole photo". The Guardian. Retrieved April 13, 2019.
  31. ^ Lou, Michelle; Ahmed, Saeed (April 12, 2019). "To undermine Katherine Bouman's role in the black hole photo, trolls held up a white man as the real hero – until he fought back". CNN. Retrieved April 13, 2019.
  32. ^ Collins, Ben (April 12, 2019). "The first picture of a black hole made Katie Bouman an overnight celebrity. Then internet trolls descended". NBC News. Retrieved April 13, 2019.
  33. ^ Koren, Marina (April 15, 2019). "The Dark Saga of Katie Bouman". The Atlantic. Retrieved May 12, 2019.
  34. ^ a b Smith, Kiona N. (April 14, 2019). "We Should Listen To Katie Bouman: Science Takes Teamwork". Forbes. Retrieved April 22, 2019. One section of the internet made Bouman a figurehead without her consent and often over her own protests, while another section subjected her to harassment and virulent backlash.
  35. ^ Perkins, Robert (April 15, 2019). "How to Take a Picture of a Black Hole". CalTech News. Retrieved April 22, 2019.
  36. ^ Griggs, Mary Beth (April 13, 2019). "Online trolls are harassing a scientist who helped take the first picture of a black hole". The Verge. Retrieved April 14, 2019.
  37. ^ Joyce, Kathleen (April 13, 2019). "Internet trolls attempted to discredit Katie Bouman's work on black hole project". Fox News. Retrieved April 14, 2019.
  38. ^ Katie Bouman publications indexed by Google Scholar Edit this at Wikidata
  39. ^ "Imaging the Invisible". www.ee.columbia.edu. Retrieved April 10, 2019.

External links[edit]