Katie Sandwina

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Katie Sandwina
Katie Sandwina (the Lady Hercules).jpg
Catherine Brumbach

(1884-05-06)May 6, 1884
Vienna, Austria
DiedJanuary 21, 1952(1952-01-21) (aged 67)
Other namesEurope’s Queen of Strength and Beauty, Lady Hercules, The Great Sandwina, World's Strongest Woman
Height5 ft 9 in (1.75 m)
Weight200 lb (91 kg; 14 st)
Max Heymann (m. 1910)
ChildrenTheodore Sandwina
Alfred Sandwina
Barnum & Bailey poster from 1914 advertising Katie Sandwina and her troupe. "Germany's beautiful Herculean Venus possessing the most perfect female figure"

Katie Sandwina (born Katharina Brumbach; 1884 – January 21, 1952) was a circus strongwoman.

Life in the circus[edit]

Katie Brumbach was one of fourteen children born to circus performers Philippe and Johanna Brumbach. In her early years, Katie performed with her family. Katie's father would offer one hundred marks to any man in the audience who could defeat her in wrestling; no one ever succeeded in winning the prize. It was during one such performance that Katie met her husband of fifty-two years, Max Heymann.

Brumbach once defeated the famous strongman Eugene Sandow in a weightlifting contest in New York City. Katie lifted a weight of 300 pounds over her head, which Sandow only managed to lift to his chest. After this victory, she adopted the stage name "Sandwina" as a feminine derivative of Sandow.[1]

Imaginative sketch by artist-reporter Marguerite Martyn of herself being lifted by Sandwina in front of a circus crowd, left, and a realistic Martyn sketch of Sandwina cooking dinner for her son and husband, right, 1911[2]

Sandwina worked in the United States with Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus for many years, until she was nearly 60. One of her standard performance feats was lifting her husband (who weighed 165 pounds) overhead with one hand. She performed many other feats, such as bending steel bars and resisting the pull of four horses. Sandwina's record stood for many years until being eclipsed by women's weightlifter Karyn Marshall in 1987.[3][4]

Reporter Marguerite Martyn described her act when the circus came to St. Louis, Missouri, in 1911:

At the moment she was twirling her husband about in dizzy circles above her head . . . . Carelessly, laughingly, she tosses her husband about as though he were not flesh and bone, but merely an effigy of inflated rubber. And he is no insignificant husband, either.[2]


The couple had two sons: Theodore Sandwina, born in Sioux City, Iowa,[5] who was a champion heavyweight boxer in the 1920s; and Alfred Sandwina, who was an actor.

Retirement and death[edit]

In her later years, Katie and her husband operated a bar and grill restaurant in Ridgewood, Queens, New York.[6] They proudly advertised it as belonging to the world's strongest woman and Katie would occasionally perform minor feats of strength to entertain their patrons, including breaking iron chains, bending iron bars, and using her husband as a human barbell.[7]

Katie Sandwina died of cancer on January 21, 1952.


  1. ^ "The Great Sandwina, Circus Strongwoman and Restaurateur". 26 December 2017. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  2. ^ a b "The 'Lady Hercules' Tells Marguerite Martyn," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, June 4, 1911, Part 2, Page 1
  3. ^ Lidz, Franz (21 March 1988). "A Lift For Wall Street". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on 11 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2009.
  4. ^ Julie Carft (29 July 1989). "Image is Heavy Burden - Weightlifter Karyn Marshall Feels Pressure to Project 'Femininity, Intelligence'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2 October 2009.
  5. ^ "Strongest Woman Is a Weak Eater," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, September 23, 1927, page 49
  6. ^ "The World's Strongest Woman Retired And Opened A Local, Family Tavern". Times Newsweekly (Queens and Brooklyn, New York City). 20 February 2003. Archived from the original on 9 July 2003. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  7. ^ "Hercules Can Be A Lady" (PDF). c. 2005. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 January 2019. Retrieved 6 January 2019.

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