Katiu

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Katiu
KatiuISS010-E-5452.PNG
NASA picture of Katiu Atoll
Katiu is located in French Polynesia
Katiu
Katiu
Geography
LocationPacific Ocean
Coordinates16°25′S 144°22′W / 16.417°S 144.367°W / -16.417; -144.367Coordinates: 16°25′S 144°22′W / 16.417°S 144.367°W / -16.417; -144.367
ArchipelagoTuamotus
Area232.5 km2 (89.8 sq mi)  (lagoon)
10 km2 (4 sq mi) (above water)
Length27 km (16.8 mi)
Width12.5 km (7.77 mi)
Administration
France
Overseas collectivityFrench Polynesia
Administrative subdivisionTuamotus
CommuneMakemo
Largest settlementToini
Demographics
Population250[1] (2012)
NASA picture of Katiu Atoll.

Katiu, or Taungataki,[2] is an atoll of the central Tuamotu Archipelago in French Polynesia. It is located 23.5 kilometres (14.6 miles) west of Makemo Atoll's westernmost point.

Katiu Atoll is roughly oval in shape. It measures 27 kilometres (17 miles) in length with a maximum width of 12.5 kilometres (7.8 miles). Its total area, including the lagoon is 232.5 square kilometres (89.8 square miles) and a land area of approximately 10 square kilometres (4 square miles). There are many narrow islands on the north-eastern side of its long reef with a total land area of about 3 square kilometres (1 square mile). Its lagoon is connected to the ocean.

Katiu has a population of 250 inhabitants. The main occupations are fishing, copra harvesting and pearl farming. The most important village is called Toini; it is located on one of the long islands of the northeastern reef.[3]

History[edit]

The first recorded European to arrive to Katiu was Russian oceanic explorer Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen in 1820 on ships Vostok and Mirni. He named this atoll "Osten-Saken" or "Saken".[4]

There is a territorial (domestic) airfield in Katiu which was inaugurated in 2001.[3]

Administration[edit]

Katiu belongs to the commune of Makemo, which consists of the atolls of Makemo, Haraiki, Marutea Nord, Katiu, Tuanake, Hiti, Tepoto Sud, Raroia, Takume, Taenga and Nihiru.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population". Institut de la statistique de la Polynésie française. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  2. ^ Young, J.L. (1899). "Names of the Paumotu Islands, with the old names so far as they are known". Journal of the Polynesian Society. 8 (4): 264–268. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Oceandots - Katiu". Archived from the original on December 23, 2010. Retrieved 2009-03-14.
  4. ^ NZETC - Bellingshausen

External links[edit]